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bodi etl resume Atlanta, GA 30338. Accomplished Senior IT professional with a background in business intelligence, reporting systems, data quality (including ETL), software design and full life-cycle development. Capable of essay need, managing numerous projects while leading cross-functional teams to study in psychology, meet and exceed overall IT initiatives. Demonstrated consultative process skills with emphasis on technical, written, and relationship development. Business Objects Enterprise ETL (Data Services -- BODI / BODS, SSIS) Reporting (Web Intelligence, Xcelsius, Crystal Reports) Highlights of skills: Business Intelligence Data Warehousing Process Improvement Team Leadership Effectiveness. Essay Friend Need Indeed. Strategic Planning Analysis Reporting Systems Architecture Process Implementation Software Design Development. Business Objects 4, XI r3, r2, r1, 6.5, …; WebIntelligence 4, XI, 6.5, …; UDT/IDT; Data Integrator 6; Data Services 4, XI 3.2, 4; DQM; SAP HANA; SSIS; Ab Initio; BEx Query Designer; PowerDesigner; Sagent; BrioQuery; Cognos; Genio; Erwin; Crystal Reports 2011, XI, 8.5; Xcelsius 2008; Lumira; IIS; Visio. Basic 6; PL/SQL; SQL; Transact-SQL (T-SQL); ASP; JavaScript; VBScript; HTML; DHTML; Ajax; JQuery; CSS; JSON; XML; XSLT; eBay, Indeed, YQL, Google APIs; SAS; Cobol. SQL Server 2012, 2008, 2005, 2000, 7.0, 6.5; Oracle 11g, 10g, 9i, 8, 7; Teradata; Neteeza; SAP HANA; Hyperion Essbase; MySQL; MS Access; UDB; DB2; Sybase; Filemaker.

SAP ECC 4.7, 6.0; Salesforce; Oracle ERP. MM, MDM, FICO, PI, PUR, COPA, CAPEX, MFG, SD, PP, QM, PM, MRP, UOM, WM, HCM, SCM, VM. Windows Server 2012/2008/2003/7/Vista/XP/2000/NT/98/95/NT; Unix/Linux; Mac OS; Mainframe. OLTP, OLAP, ODBC, ADO, RDO, OLE DB, SOAP, SSL, SAP Bank Analyzer, Forecasting, Trend Analysis, Star and Snowflake Schemas, Executive Dashboards, CDC (change data capture), 3-Tier Programming, TCP / IP, FTP, HTTP, ISO, LDAP, SSO, RPC. Best Christian. Agile, Scrum, Waterfall, Inmon, Kimball, object oriented programming (OOD), rapid application development (RAD), Accelerated SAP (ASAP). Consumer Products, Banking, Lumber, Legal, Logistics, Health Care, Chemicals, Pharmaceuticals, Dept. of Defense, Energy, Electric, Automotive, Government, Politics, Insurance, Data Quality, Telecommunications, Building Materials, Financial Services, Commodities, Fleet Management, Furniture, Food Beverages, Mining, Coal, Debit Credit Cards, Pet Food, Animal Feed, Incentives, Marketing, Education. Teradata Certified Professional, Teradata Certified SQL Specialist. Development of BODS objects supporting multiple change data capture styles that include thousands of mappings and over essay indeed seventy SAP DSO destinations. All information sourced from and writing to mba essays, SAP HANA. Essay Friend Need. Created BODS specific portions of christian essays, mapping documents, including CDC information.

Design (modeling) and construction of SAP HANA tables, functions, procedures, and essay friend need views using a combination of Data Services, PowerDesigner, and essays fiction HANA Studio. Performed modeling with HANA, using attribute, analytic, and calculation views. Migration of information from multiple source systems (out of SAP HANA) into SAP Bank Analyzer, with various data profiling and quality checks and use of a composite table to ease maintenance/LI Environment: Data Services (BODS) 4, SAP HANA, SAP Bank Analyzer, DB2, PowerDesigner, Windows 7. Creation of executive dashboard illustrating volumes, imbalances, accounting details, and essay friend indeed customer information related to acquisition. Improvement of existing dashboards – organization and types of case in psychology bug fixes. Ensured data accuracy and providing of most important and friend friend up to date details by meeting with business analysts and study in psychology management in multiple locales. Developed several multi-source IDT universes referencing relational databases, containing derived tables. Provided key and timely details in friend user-friendly dashboard to help management make informed decisions.

Conversion of existing dashboards from Xcelsius to Lumira, for comparison purposes. Virginia. Environment: Xcelsius 4.1, SAP Lumira, IDT, MS Access 2012, SQL Server 2012, Windows 7. Successful and rapid conversion of indeed, multiple Ab Initio processes to Data Services, implementing methodologies to increase maintainability, including simplification, logging, and inline documentation. Data analysis, modeling, and profiling using SQL Server and Data Services, to provide new and improved structures and aid in data quality checks related to conversion efforts. Cost savings through replacement of scheduler with scripting involving file watcher loops and, or database flag checks, moving files to staging and production folders, and emailing of and the, results, including attachments. Essay. Executed technical leadership on the use of the technology platform and tools, mentoring in optimal use of BODS in a SQL Server, SAP, and Unix environment.

Environment: Data Services (BODS) 4, SQL Server 2008, Oracle, SAP, Ab Initio, Acorn, Windows 7, Unix. Created and optimized executive summary and several linked dashboards, including hierarchical selectors, flash variables, and dynamic sales and essays fiction marketing information based on live SAP BPC data. Built Crystal Reports detail reports connected to BI services pointed at friend friend indeed, Web Intelligence blocks containing BEx query details. Reports launched by and received prompts from Xcelsius dashboard. Acted as go-to for the team for technical concerns and idea development. Significant contributions to dashboard and ETL architecture and design, including best practices. Introduction Essay. Constructed reusable templates to speed batch and real-time ETL development in BODS and provide auditing functionality. Led training sessions explaining usage of need, templates and disorders gathering ideas for essay friend improvement. Environment: Data Services (BODS) 4, Dashboard Designer (Xcelsius), Business Objects 4 (WebI, UDT, IDT), Crystal Reports 4, SQL Server 2008, Neteeza, XML, Windows 7. Provided administrative assistance, including fixing of scheduling errors, performance tuning, permissions management, and migrating jobs between systems. Creation of on science, new repositories and essay friend friend configuration of existing ones.

Environment: Data Services (BODS) 4, Oracle, Windows Server 2003, Windows 7. Constructed website to create, update, and delete batches of study, listings to eBay through XML using the eBay API and process related responses. Added code to send and process listing status checks to eBay. Created code to encrypt and decrypt sensitive information used in website. Developed code in essay friend website, stored procedures, and functions that wrote results to SQL Server database. Scheduled listing creation (based on database contents) and status checking. Luther Jr. Environment: HTML, CSS, JavaScript, ASP, JQuery, XML, JSON, eBay API, SQL Server, Windows Server 2008, Windows 7. Converted data conversion processes from BW to need friend, ECC sources, using Data Services integrated with SAP. Best Christian. Created reporting system, including data model and dictionary, ETL, and WebI reports, based off SAP ECC material master information.

Involved frequent discussions with offshore team members and business analysts. Troubleshooting of reporting, universe, and ETL issues with onshore and offshore engineers. Environment: Data Services (BODS) 4, Business Objects 4 (WebI, UDT), Oracle, SAP BW and ECC, Windows 7. Acted as systems/software engineer for system architecture planning, technical design, software development and test, and software, hardware, and interface integration. Installation and configuration of essay need friend, Business Objects Enterprise and Data Services, including Data Quality. Creation, improvement, and documentation of HR reports and related universe, including standardization and applying best practices. Environment: Data Services XI r3.2, Business Objects XI r3.2, SQL Server 2008; Win Server 2008.

Engineered conversion projects, using a self-designed standardized process, for migrating information between SAP 4.7 and 6.0. Converted information from SAP modules, including manufacturing, material master, basic data, fico, general plant, mdm, mrp, purchasing, qm, sales data, units of measure, warehouse mgmt, and work scheduling. Built and implemented validation projects to essay, ensure quality data migration. Frequent daily interaction with SAP functional analysts and business to review requirements and results. Environment: Data Services XI r3.2, Oracle 9i; SQL Server 2008; SAP ECC 4.7, 6.0; Win XP. Converted and enhanced Cognos into WebI, Crystal, and Xcelsius reports with SAP data (HCM and friend need friend indeed SCM). Mapping of research paper martin luther king, reporting requirements from business terms into essay friend need indeed SAP objects. Creation and essays fiction maintenance of OLAP universes sourced from BEx queries. Essay Need. Writing and editing of SAP BEx queries using Query Designer. Writing of test scripts for mba essays accuracy, formatting, and performance.

Environment: Business Objects XI r3.2; SAP ECC 4.7 – HCM, SCM, SD; SQL Server 2008; Win XP. Guided and played key role in essay friend need friend design document production, including ETL field mappings for 500+ fields in four systems (2000+ fields total), data dictionary, universe and report documents, and DDL scripts. Constructed universe and related star schema database, with focus on user-friendly configuration of classes and objects. Universe automatically updated with self-created automation tool. Led report development effort, including creation of many Web Intelligence reports. Designed and essays implemented Business Objects architecture, including hardware and software requirements, CMS information, security, and migration from XIr2 to XIr3. Championed standardization of field mappings, data dictionary, and universe and friend report documents. Coordinated offshore ETL efforts, including meetings and virginia mba essays answering of daily questions. Environment: Business Objects XI r3.2; SQL Server 2008; Designer SDK; Crystal Enterprise SDK, Win XP. Essay Friend. Designed, created, implemented, and tested dataflows, workflows, scripts, and jobs for multiple projects. Troubleshooting and performance tuning which reduced several jobs from several hours to less than one.

Full lifecycle project focusing on surveys, including Data Services and Designer (universe) components. Migrated dataflows, workflows, scripts, and jobs between repositories. Environment: Data Services XI r3.2, Business Objects XI r3.2; SQL Server 2008; Windows Server 2008, Windows XP. Best. Created and ran ETL jobs to load and manipulate Material Master and Vendor SAP information. Generated, put into successful production, and trained others in data validation / testing tool, using Data Services and SQL Server procedures and functions. Administration and essay friend indeed configuration of multiple datastores and servers. Upgrade of essays on science, First Logic / Data Quality to Data Services, with data and multiple country address cleansing. Developed, published, and scheduled batch and friend real-time jobs. Produced contact duplicate checking ETL project, including match transforms and adjustable parameters.

Constructed dashboards to review data validation results. Environment: Data Services XI r3.1, 3.2; SQL Server 2005; SAP (extracts); Xcelsius 2008; Windows XP. Directed and to business coordinated organizational strategies of friend, employees responsible for conceptualizing, designing, constructing, testing and implementing business and technical solutions for paper luther king jr telecommunications data. Partnered with software and architectural teams to plan and friend need build out new systems, understand scalability and types constraints of software, and manage disaster recovery and business continuity planning. Acted as key developer, leading a team of four (mostly remote) developers in the creation of Webi reports, universes, and Xcelsius dashboards consisting of proprietary telecommunications information. Implemented ETL related to numerous systems, including creating and essay indeed manipulating tables with raw SQL/SQL Server Integration Services (SSIS) and conversion of SAS into packages and SQL. Guided and developed the Business Objects teams, including providing hiring recommendations, training, mentoring and monitoring staff performance to effectively adhere to (thesis on eating disorders media), company’s “best practice” initiatives. Environment: Business Objects XI r2 (Webi, Designer, CMS, Admin); Crystal Reports XI; Crystal Xcelsius 2008; SQL Server 2005; Teradata; SSIS; Netezza; SAS; Aqua Data Studio; Windows XP. Responsible for essay friend creating Business Objects universes and reports to on science, provide information on clinical trials. Successfully migrated universes and reports from development to test to production.

Created Oracle functions and stored procedures to supply comma-delimited lists and essay need indeed date information. Created functional and technical documentation for all reports and universes, outlining processes to create an easily readable roadmap of all procedures for end users. Environment: BusinessObjects XI r2; Oracle 9i; ARISg; Windows XP. Led efforts in types study the successful extraction and transformation of information from Excel to SQL Server database, designing a database geared towards OLAP reporting and essay friend indeed later Essbase loading. Created over two thousand transformations to essays fiction, alter information extracted from Excel. Developed ETL program using VB with features for essay need friend indeed types of processes to display and run, status lists, storing metrics, HTML help, and types of case options to skip process with errors to convert text values to zero’s. Environment: SQL Server 2005; Visual Basic 6; Hyperion Essbase; Microsoft Excel 2003; OLAP; Windows XP. Responsible for gathering customer requirements, architecting prototypical solutions, acquiring customer acceptance, and need friend indeed managing software processes from initial design to final implementation and deployment. Primarily responsible for of case in psychology migrating Sybase, Business Objects (6.x), and Oracle Sagent data warehouses to provide commodities-related financial information to client and internal business users.

Key Projects: Migrated three reporting systems to essay friend friend indeed, Business Objects XI and Crystal Reports XI, with Oracle 9i. Administration using Central Management Console to schedule reports, configure user and group security, and research paper martin manage categories, folders, universes, and licensing. Created and tested reports and universes with information about commodities, futures, and options. Installed, tested, and maintained Business Objects XI (including Crystal) client and server software. Environment: Oracle 9i; Business Objects XI r2 (Webi, Crystal Reports, Performance Management, SDK); Sagent; Visual Basic 6; Scripting (VB, Java, batch); ASP; HTML; XML; CSS; SDLC; Cisco VPN; Windows XP. IT Consultant 1995 to 2006. Indeed. Key Clients: LeasePlan, Lockheed Martin, WPAFB (Air Force), Haworth, HPFS, ATT, Travelers, CIT, Cigna, Anheuser-Busch, Peabody Group, MasterCard, Ralston Purina, Maritz, Davis Interactive Client:nbspnbsp LeasePlan -nbspAtlanta, GA,nbsp Business Objects Expert (2005 to 2006) Created a Business Objects data warehouse to provide leasing information to 100 key clients.

Designed and rolled out an innovative reporting system using Webi, including linked reports. Essays On Science Fiction. Created conversion utility supporting improved (Excel) and unavailable formats (Word and essay friend HTML). Research Paper Martin King. Client:nbspnbsp Lockheed Martin (US Navy) -nbspNew Orleans, LA,nbsp Business Objects Expert (2004 to 2005) Gained acceptance of a conversion of an Access reporting system into Business Objects. Friend Need Friend. Developed, documented, and performance tuned thirteen reports and associated universes. Conducted qualitative and quantitative analysis to define project scopes and research martin luther king jr technical criteria. Created many Data Integrator jobs, workflows, and dataflows supplying source data for systems. Essay Friend Need Friend Indeed. Collaborated with key internal and external decision makers to recommend process enhancements, including creation of conversion utility for perfecting Word and Excel files from Excel exports. Recipient of the “Lockheed Martin Outstanding Performer” Award (2004). Client:nbspnbsp WPAFB (US Air Force) -nbspDayton, OH,nbsp Business Objects Technical Support Analyst (2005 to 2006) Provided expert analysis and assistance for the Air Force Knowledge System application, supporting over 450 tickets arising from over 300 users. Tested and troubleshot WIS and INF errors, training, and network, database and on eating disorders and the media) universe issues. Essay Friend Indeed. Troubleshot invalid data resulting from christian essays, universe and database problems.

Client:nbspnbsp Haworth -nbspHolland, MI,nbsp Data Integrator Developer (2005 to friend friend, 2006) Gathered specifications and mba essays developed, tested, and rolled out transformations and universes for AP, PO, and FA segments of friend, Oracle Financials using Business Objects Data Integrator and Designer. Client:nbspnbsp HPFS -nbspMurray Hill, NJ,nbsp Business Objects Expert (2003) Served as financial reporting analyst, balancing data related to ethics, a conversion of a loan system. Friend Indeed. Provided support to users for report requests and maintenance, creating and virginia testing 30 reports. Analyzed, documented, and implemented recommendations for essay need friend indeed SQL Server DTS scripts. Client:nbspnbsp ATampT -nbspBedminster, NJ,nbsp Business Objects Expert (2003) Reporting analyst/administrator for a data warehousing project targeted to analyze and improve call center performance and processes.

Responded to daily maintenance requests, streamlining processes through the installation, administration and configuration of Business Objects, including Publisher. Client:nbspnbsp Travelers -nbspHartford, CT,nbsp Business Analyst (2002 to essay, 2003) Main point of contact in a Focus mainframe, SAS to client-server (Business Objects, Crystal Reports) migration and conversion of the friend friend, Annuity Reporting System. Collaborated with cross-functional teams to develop 42 reports including prototype creation, testing, documentation, performance tuning, and requirements gathering and design. Essay. Conducted in-depth data analysis including data dictionary, physical data model, entity relationship diagrams, and PL/SQL queries for balancing and reviewing integrity of data. Client:nbspnbsp CIT Group -nbspLivingston, NJ,nbsp Business Objects Expert (2002) Served as lead financial reporting analyst in a Citation mainframe to client-server (ALS) Business Objects implementation of a data warehouse (Oracle, Sybase) for leasing. Partnered with end-users and essay need indeed key internal decision makers on requirements gathering. Full life-cycle development and on eating disorders media) performance tuning of friend need friend, 54 flawless reports using Business Objects Reporter, Designer, Supervisor, and Broadcast Agent. Trained, mentored and monitored new and existing developers, instilling “best practices” to adhere to on science fiction, internal protocols and procedures.

Client:nbspnbsp Cigna -nbspHartford, CT,nbsp Data Warehousing Consultant - Genio / Brio (2001 to 2002) Responsible for the enhancement and need maintenance of a customized Brio data warehouse reporting application for investment data, including transforming source data (Genio). Gathered scopes and specifications to test and research paper king provide daily support of Brio and Genio. Taught end users on the capabilities, enhancements, and limitations of Brio. Client:nbspnbsp Anheuser-Busch, Inc. -nbspSt. Louis, MO,nbsp Senior Business Objects Developer (1999 to 2001) Implemented full lifecycle design of a 60 report data warehouse for pricing and promotions, that aided retailer sales tracking and marketing applications. Administered Business Objects repository, security, setup, universes, and report scheduling, including an upgrade from version 4 to 5. Essay Friend Need. Constructed automated universe and statement disorders and the report documentation with Business Objects SDK.

Participated in Oracle ETL (transformation) related efforts, including creation of essay friend need friend, PL/SQL functions, packages, stored procedures, views, tables, indexes, explain plans, and introduction ethics types. Client:nbspnbsp Peabody Group -nbspSt. Louis, MO,nbsp Business Objects Developer (1999) Production included report creation, design, and prototyping security, universe maintenance and origination, data definition and manipulation, testing and layout. Need. Client:nbspnbsp MasterCard -nbspSt. Louis, MO,nbsp Consultant (1998 to 1999) Accountable for the conception of financial reporting system and associated graphical user interface, generating financial reports using Crystal Reports, VB, and on eating disorders and the Oracle.

Client:nbspnbsp Davis Interactive (Interchange Technologies) -nbspSt. Friend. Louis, MO,nbsp Consultant (1995 to 1999) Responsible for ethics essay design and support of multimedia projects with Macromedia Director and VB. Friend. Created graphical user interfaces and database engines to interact with databases and kiosks. Assembled software for reusable client incentive system (CIMS for Windows). Performed database administration, including backups, scheduling tasks, and setting up users and virginia mba essays groups. Designed, developed, and tested reports and associated interface using Visual Basic and Crystal Reports. Produced reusable Visual Basic tools, including batch form dynamic link library, report executable creator, system administration form creator, data source creator, and SQL Server administrative software. Need Friend Indeed. Environment: Visual Basic 6; Crystal Reports; SQL Server 6.5; Filemaker; Windows NT. B.S. Best Christian. Accounting; Minor: Business Management, December 1996. Recipient of essay friend need friend indeed, Academic Scholarship.

Tutor: General Statistics, 1995-97. Teradata Certified Professional; Teradata Certified SQL Specialist.

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Essay on A Friend in Need is a Friend Indeed for Students

Major Parts Of The Nervous System. The central nervous system (CNS) comprises of the brain and spinal cord. According to (Hull, 2011, p. Friend Friend Indeed! 200) 'it has three functions: sensory, integrative and motor.' These functions are made possible through communication (sending and types receiving messages) of the brain (mostly made up of interneurons) and spinal cord which sends information to the peripheral nervous system for distribution to essay need, the various parts of the body via motor neurons. The CNS senses and processes information, then responds to on eating disorders media), whatever message has been communicated. The peripheral nervous system (PNS) consists of essay friend indeed, nerves (brain, cranial, spinal, afferent and research martin king efferent) running to and from the CNS.

It comprises of the somatic (SNS) and autonomic (ANS) systems. The SNS controls voluntary activities of the friend, body (skeletal muscle contractions or conscious reactions to research martin luther jr, sensory information processed by the body such as reaction to essay, pain ' a single pathway of neurons responding to activation by excitatory impulses). The ANS controls all unconscious automatic or involuntary activities of the body such as heart beat to research paper luther king, remain alive, crying when emotional or sweating when we get hot. This is a double pathway response whereby neurons are activated by inhibitory and excitatory impulses. The ANS is subdivided into two further systems; the need indeed, sympathetic and parasympathetic nervous systems. These two systems work in opposition to christian essays, each other in order to maintain homeostasis. The sympathethic system reacts to changes in the environment by stimulating activity and therefore using energy (Hull, 2011, p. 204). For instance if a person is confronted with danger, their immediate reaction is survival.

They become tense, heart rate goes up, breathing becomes heavy etc as they prepare to react. This is the 'fight or flight' response. Essay Need Friend Indeed! The parasympathetic system will do the opposite to the sympathetic system by placing the person into a state of rest, calm and study in psychology relaxation. TAQ 1 total word count: 326/300 words. DLCentre notes, 2008/2010/2012. Human Biological Science 1: Coordination and Control.

Hull, R., 2011. Anatomy Physiology for essay friend need friend therapists and healthcare professionals. Cambridge: The Write Idea Ltd. Tortora, G. and Derrickson, B. eds., 2011. Christian Essays! Principles of Anatomy Physiology. Asia: John Wiley Sons. Figure 2 ' The three main types of neurons. Neurons are nerve cells that carry information in the form of tiny electrical signals. They are categorised into three different types, each fulfilling a different function.

Sensory/receptor neurons (afferent) carry signals from the external environment using sensory organs (nose, tongue, eyes or skin) to the CNS (spinal cord and brain). Motor/effector neurons (efferent) carry signals from the CNS (spinal cord and brain) to the effectors. Effectors are muscles or organs of the body that enact the friend indeed, messages that have been passed on introduction to business essay by the indeed, brain. For example you might sense an itch on your arm and your brain sends a message to your muscles to move your hand over to mba essays, scratch the friend indeed, itch with your fingers (a voluntary action). Relay neurons (interneurons) are found within the CNS and carry messages from receptor neurons to effector neurons or from essays, one relay neuron to friend indeed, another. They connect two neurons together (sensory and motor neurons). BBC GCSE Bitesize, 2014. The nervous system. [online]. Available at: http://www.bbc.co.uk/schools/gcsebitesize/science/edexcel/responses_to_environment/thenervoussystemrev2.shtml [Accessed 11 May 2014]. You Tube, n.d.

BioVid Episode 2: An introduction to neurons. [online]. Available at: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=r5nMVAjz0d0 [Accessed 12 May 2014]. HPP Biology 12, n.d. Virginia Mba Essays! Neurons. Essay Friend! [online]. Available at: http://vss.sd22.bc.ca/hpp/courses/bi12/ch17/Neurons.png [Accessed 12 May 2014].

Figure 4 ' Transmission of of case study in psychology, a nerve impulse: Resting and action potential. Neurons are covered by cell membranes just like all cells and are semi-permeable (allow certain substances to need friend, pass (permeate) through them). The outside of the cell contains excess sodium ions the introduction to business essay, inside of the cell contains excess potassium ions (K+). Ions are atoms of an element with a positive or negative charge (Dummies, 2014). Essay Need Friend! Neurons use electrochemical impulses to communicate with each other. If they are not stimulated (without impulse to carry or transmit) their membrane is polarized. Being polarized means that the of case, electrical charge on the outside of the membrane is positive while the electrical charge on the inside of the membrane is negative (Dummies, 2014). Negatively charged protein and nucleic acid molecules also inhabit the cell; therefore, the inside is negative as compared to the outside (Dummies, 2014). The cell is at its resting potential (a value of -70 minivolts (mV), see Figure 4. Essay Need Indeed! This changes when an action potential with strong excitatory strength reaches the synapse and paper luther king jr causes the friend indeed, ion channels to virginia, open and allow sodium ions to essay friend, cross the cell membrane. K+ and Na+ pumps on the membrane allow these chemicals to still move back through the membrane allowing the cell to repolarise The more sodium ions enter the cell, the fiction, electrical potential of the cell changes so quickly that depolarisation occurs, meaning that the cell becomes positive again. Chemical synapses transmit chemical signals from the presynaptic neuron to the postsynaptic neuron in one direction only.

An electrical impulse or action potential's arrival in need friend indeed, the presynaptic neuron, is reaching the axon terminal. It cannot cross the fluid-filled synaptic cleft, but neurotransmitters or chemical messengers can carry the message forward. Ions (charged particles that allow change of electrical properties across the membrane) allow the messages to move on from one neuron to another or to an effector. DLCentre notes 2008/2010/2012. Human Biological Science 1: Coordination and Control.

For Dummies, 2014. Understanding the transmission of nerve impulses. [online]. Available at: http://www.dummies.com/how-to/content/understanding-the-transmission-of-nerve-impulses.html [Accessed 12 May 2014]. National Institute of Health, n.d. The Brain: Understanding Neurobiology ' How neurotransmission works. [online]. Available at: http://science.education.nih.gov/supplements/nih2/addiction/activities/lesson2_neurotransmission.htm [Accessed 12 May 2014]. A synapse is essays on science, a gap between adjacent nerve cells where impulses must be able to cross.

It comprises a presynaptic neuron (messengers), synaptic cleft (neurotransmitters) and essay need indeed post-synaptic neuron (receptors). Neurotransmitters pass across the gap causing depolarisation of the surface membrane of the best essays, target cell to occur. Figure 4 - Structure of the Synapse. Different types of stimuli will cause the synapse to be either inhibitory or excitatory to the impulses depending on friend their composition. Martin Luther King! For instance, if excitatory, the synapse will cause the essay friend need friend indeed, neurons to become active and fire up the impulse for the receptors to receive it.

For example; sound causes some ear receptors to types in psychology, respond. If inhibitory the synapse might cause the impulse to friend need friend, diffuse or deactivate. However, regardless of what stimuli, the permeability properties of the cell's plasma membrane change very briefly (Marieb, 2009, p. 237). It is possible for neurons to research martin, have several action potentials travelling along their axons (route by need friend indeed which all impulses travel) at the same time. However there are several factors that affect the speed at which the impulse travels.

For instance; impulses travel faster in myelinated (covered in myelin sheath) neurons; temperature affects the speed of conduction of impulses; and impulses are generally faster in an axon with a larger diameter (Biology.net). The refractory period (rest period between signals) is also a speed determining factor. After the neurotransmitter has transmitted an impulse, it is released by the receptor and goes back into the synapse (Dummies, 2014). It is stored in the synaptic vesicles. Essays On Science Fiction! Here the essay friend need friend, cell recycles the degraded neurotransmitter.

The chemicals go back into introduction essay, the membrane so that during the next impulse (action potential), when the synaptic vesicles bind to the membrane, the complete neurotransmitter can again be released for another episode of impulse transmission (Dummies, 2014). Biology Guide, n.d. Essay! Action potentials and synapses play a fundamental role in transmitting information through the virginia mba essays, nervous system. [online]. Available at: http://www.biologyguide.net/bya7/bya7-16-7.htm [Accessed 13 May 2014]. DLCentre, 2008/2010/2012. Human Biological Science 1: Coordination and Control. For Dummies, 2014.

Understanding the transmission of nerve impulses. [online]. Available at: http://www.dummies.com/how-to/content/understanding-the-transmission-of-nerve-impulses.html [Accessed 12 May 2014]. Marieb, E. N., 2009. Essay Friend Indeed! Essentials of human anatomy physiology. 9th ed. London: Pearson International.

Tortora, G, J. and Derrickson, B. eds., 2011. Research Luther King Jr! Principles of Anatomy Physiology: volume 1 2. Asia: John Wiley Sons. Figure 6 ' Reflex Arc - Cross section of spinal cord showing a receptor's reaction to flame. Thain (2009) describes the reflex arc as 'the neural circuitry involved in a motor reflex, comprising a sensory neuron, a motor neuron and usually one or more interneurons (excitatory or inhibitory) interposed between these two'. It is a rapid protective behaviour involving taking voluntary action such as pulling a finger away from exposure to a flame as shown in essay friend, Figure 6. Here, a pain receptor in the finger transmits signals via a sensory neuron to virginia, the spinal cord where the message is received by interneurons, which respond by sending signals back to the affected area via a motor neuron with information about what response to activate. In this case the friend, response is to contract the muscles and move the finger away from the virginia, flame. This is a voluntary action where the brain makes a note of what happened and essay retains the information should it be required for any such experiences in the future. Thain, M., 2009. Penguin Dictionary of Human Biology. London: Penguin Books.' Name of endocrine gland Location Hormones released Function (s) of hormones released.

Pituitary -divided into two parts: Base of brain beneath the ethics, hypothalamus. Growth hormone (GH) Stimulates growth of other tissues including bone, maintains nutrients and minerals, inform reproductive system to make sex hormones, control ovulation and menstrual cycle in women. Stimulates production of the thyroid hormone by the thyroid gland. Stimulates production of milk in breastfeeding women. Stimulates production of specific hormones by the adrenal gland. Controls balance of water in essay need indeed, the body. Triggers contractions of the uterus during childbirth, production of milk by the mammary glands to produce milk. Thyroid Trachea, beneath the larynx Triiodothyronine (T3) and Thyroxine (T4) Increases rate of metabolic and chemical reactions in body tissues, activates CNS, vital for bone growth and brain development.

Parathyroids Attached to the posterior of the thyroid Parathyroid hormone (parahormone) Increases calcium levels in blood released from bone tissue, allows re-absorption in the kidneys. Thymus Mid chest cavity Thymosins Produces and christian essays matures T lymphocytes. Adrenal cortex Inner area of essay need, abdomen, one on top of each kidney. Outer area of abdomen Epinephrine (adrenalin) Increases blood pressure and to business essay heart rate during stress ('fight or flight' response)

Constricts blood vessels and increases heart rate in an emergency response. Regulates salt and essay need friend indeed water balance in the body, manages response to stress, breakdown of protein, fat metabolism, sexual development and immunity. Maintains balance of glucose levels in the blood, stimulates glucose release from the liver. Regulates level of sugar glucose in the blood, essential for to business ethics essay cells to utilize glucose. In puberty, aids in development of female sex organs and function, growth spurt. Development of need indeed, ovarian follicles, bones and muscle contractions of the uterus, regulation of menstrual cycle and useful during pregnancy. Regulates menstrual cycle, generates secretions for the endometrium. Testis Pelvis Testosterone. Aids in development of male sex organs and virginia characteristics in puberty, produces sperm.

BBC GCSE Bitesize, 2014. Hormones. [online]. Available at: http://www.bbc.co.uk/schools/gcsebitesize/science/aqa_pre_2011/human/hormonesrev1.shtml [Accessed 13 May 2014]. DLCentre, 2008/2010/2012. Human Biological Science 1: Coordination and Control. InnerBody, 2013. Endocrine System. [online]. Available at: http://www.innerbody.com/image/endoov.html [Accessed 13 May 2014]. TeensHealth, 2014. Endocrine System. [online]. Essay Friend Friend Indeed! Available at: http://kidshealth.org/teen/your_body/body_basics/endocrine.html [Accessed 12 May 2014].

Tortora, G, J. and best essays Derrickson, B. Need! eds., 2011. Principles of Anatomy Physiology: volume 1 2. Asia: John Wiley Sons. Metabolism is a process whereby nutrients become involved in an incredible variety of biochemical reactions inside the body cells (Marieb and Hoehn, 2010, p.918). This is necessary to maintain energy levels and all bodily functions. Enzymes in virginia mba essays, the digestive system break down the food we eat and convert it into essay friend need, this energy. Metabolism occurs to balance our current needs against future needs of energy, knowing when to store or replenish it. This is achieved via two processes: anabolism (constructive metabolism) which involves the building up of complex chemical substances from smaller, simpler components; and catabolism (destructive metabolism) which is the breaking down of complex chemical substances into paper martin luther king, simpler components (Tortora and Derrickson, 2011, p. 5-6). For example proteins are broken down into amino acids and rebuilt to essay friend friend, make new structures like muscle and bone through the catabolism and anabolism processes (Tortora and Derrickson, 2011, p. 7). There are many different chemicals in cells and all have an effect on metabolism. The endocrine system produces certain hormones which play a greater role in the regulation of virginia, metabolism. Friend Indeed! These hormones include: Thyroxine (T4), Triiodothyronin (T3), insulin and glucagon.

T4 and on science T3 are thyroid hormones which mainly regulate our basal metabolic rate (BMR) ' the speed of metabolism and is involved in the amount of energy the body requires to maintain function and stay alive e.g. movement and heart-beat. BMR increases as the blood levels of thyroid hormones rise. The response to these changing levels is slow and takes a few days to show (Tortora and essay friend friend indeed Derrickson, 2011, p.1049). Insulin is released in the pancreas responding to raised levels of glucose after a meal. This signals cells to increase their anabolic activities i.e. increase glucose to transport receptors to the cell membrane as in contracting muscles or may mean the liver has an increased concentration of essay, glucose therefore releasing glycogen as a short-term response into the blood.

Also, in essay need friend indeed, the adipose tissues, glucose and free fatty acids bind together and store lipids long term. This decreases blood glucose (a negative feedback loop in to business ethics essay, the parasympathetic system). Essay! Amongst other hormones, insulin can increase the introduction to business, metabolic rate by 5 ' 15% (Tortora and essay friend need friend Derrickson, 2011, p.1049). In starvation or stress conditions the body is very active, blood sugar levels drop, prompting alpha cells in the pancreas to release glucagon which helps stop glucose travelling around the body and focuses on providing energy for the brain. To Business Ethics Essay! Glycogen breaks down into friend need indeed, amino acids and glycerol in the liver produces new glucose by gluconeogenesis or lipolysis.

Fatty acids are catabolised by combining acetyl coenzyme A (coA) and oxaloacetate forming ketone fuels. Blood glucose levels increase as a result which can cause hyperglycaemia (diabetes) and essays low blood glucose levels (too much insulin) can cause hypoglycaemia (hypos). DLCentre, 2008/2010/2012. Human Biological Science 1: Coordination and Control. Marieb, E. N., 2009. Essentials of human anatomy physiology. 9th ed. Friend Friend Indeed! London: Pearson International. Tortora, G, J. and Derrickson, B. eds., 2011. Principles of Anatomy Physiology: volume 1 2. Asia: John Wiley Sons.

The ear allows us to hear a range of different sounds as well as maintain our balance through head movement and position. Although the two organs serving these two senses are structurally interconnected within the ear, their receptors respond to different stimuli and are activated independently of best christian, one another (Marieb and Hoehn, 2011, p. 574). It is connected to the brain by the auditory nerve and is subdivided into essay friend need friend, three major parts: the external (outer) ear, middle ear and internal (inner) ear. The outer and middle ear components are involved with hearing only and are simply constructed whereas the outer ear is more complex and on science is involved with hearing and balance control (Marieb and Hoehn, 2011, p. Essay Friend Need Friend! 574). The outer ear comprises the auricle (pinna), elastic cartilage covered with thin skin and hair sometimes. The auricle picks up sound waves (vibrations), feeds them to the auditory canal (external acoustic meatus) to introduction to business, end up on the tympanic membrane (ear drum).

Sebaceous and sweat glands in the auditory canal secrete cerumen (ear wax) which captures foreign particles and repels insects (Marieb and Hoehn, 2011, p. Friend! 574). Hearing is activated by of case study in psychology sound waves (measured in hertz), as they hit the tympanic membrane (eardrum) causing vibration and in turn transferring the essay need friend indeed, sound energy to the tiny bones of the middle ear also making them vibrate (Marieb and Hoehn, 2011, p. 574). The middle ear is located in the skull's temporal bone. Sound waves transfer from the middle ear (tympanic cavity) amplifying the vibrations from the tympanic membrane to the first of the auditory osscicles (bones). The malleus (hammer) connected to types of case study in psychology, the tympanic membrane, passes vibrations onto the incus (anvil), the need friend, stapes (stirrup) and onto the oval (vestibular) window. The middle ear is air-filled and king jr can sometimes be consumed with pressure (when on a plane) which can be released via the pharyngotympanic (auditory) tube linking the middle ear cavity with the essay friend, pharynx (throat) and statement disorders the mucosa of the middle ear that lines the throat (Marieb and Hoehn, 2011, p. 574). Swallowing or yawning opens the usually flattened auditory tube to balance the pressure in the middle ear with external air pressure, important for the eardrum to vibrate freely without distorted sound (Marieb and Hoehn, 2011, p. 574). The internal ear (labyrinth), situated in the temporal bone comprises the cochlea, vestibule and semi-circular canals. Vibrations come from the oval window into the cochlea then fibres transmit electrical impulses via the essay friend indeed, ganglia to essays on science fiction, the organ of corti which translate that stimulation into nerve cell excitation and neurotransmitters transmit back to the auditory cortex of the brain along the auditory nerve (DLCentre, 2008/2010/2012).

Perilymph and endolymph fluids conduct the sound vibrations involved in hearing and respond to the mechanical forces occurring during changes in body position and acceleration (Marieb and friend need friend Hoehn, 2011, p. 576). The vestibule is posterior to essays on science, the cochlea, anterior to the semicircular canals and flanks the middle ear medially (Marieb and Hoehn, 2011, p. Essay Friend Indeed! 576). It is responsible for balance and virginia posture. The utriculus and semicircular canal within detect tilting movements in relation to gravity and help keep the need friend, body upright. Communication to the brain is essays, via the vestibular nerve.

The eye lets us see by detecting visible light (part of friend friend, electromagnetic spectrum ' wave energy that radiates from the sun). Visible light projects colour depending on its wavelength which is measured in nanometers (Tortora and Derrickson, 2011, p. 642). The eye comprises accessory structures (eyelids, eyelashes, eyebrows, the lacrimal (tear producing) apparatus and extrinsic eye muscles) that protect and move the eye and eyeball structures. The eyeball is divided into the anterior and posterior chambers. Three most visible components of the anterior chamber are: the pupil (dark dot at centre of eye allowing light onto retina); the iris (covers the pupil, colour pigmented and light regulator); and sclera (orb-like shaped white, elastic substance encasing the cornea, moistened and protected by conjunctiva), The cornea, (transparent, dome-shaped, and protruding from the sclera) helps direct and focus light. The aqueous humour (transparent fluid at front of lens) allows uninterrupted projection of light and maintains eye pressure. Other components include the sphincter and dilator muscles which control the size of the pupil, the best essays, ciliary body, suspensory ligaments and ciliary smooth muscles which support the lens. The posterior chamber contains components that give focus to an image.

These are: the vitreous humour (transparent jelly) for pressure; the retina (layers of photoreceptors cells with rods and cones). Up to 130 million rod cells allow us to see in black and white, in dim or low light and assist with perception of objects. Up to 10 million cone cells allow us to see in colour (blue, green and red) and bright, higher intensity light waves (DLCentre, 2008/2010/2012). Having no photoreceptors at the optic nerve site creates 'the blind spot' (optic disc), The visual cortex is the essay friend need indeed, final destination for visual information. Three main types of neurons that make up the neural layer (photoreceptors, bipolar cells and ganglion cells) are involved in generating action potentials (Marieb and Hoehn, 2011, p. 552).

Processed information is then transported to types study in psychology, the brain from the optic nerve fibres through the optic chiasm, collecting and reducing the impulses in the optic tract towards the thalamus then the occipital lobe before interpretation of essay friend, incoming signals occurs in the visual cortex. DLCentre notes, 2008/2010/2012. Human Biological Science 1: Coordination and Control. Marieb, E. N., 2009. Essentials of human anatomy physiology. 9th ed. London: Pearson International. Tortora, G, J. and Derrickson, B. eds., 2011. Principles of types, Anatomy Physiology: volume 1 2. Asia: John Wiley Sons. British Medical Association, 2013. Illustrated Medical Dictionary.

3rd ed. Friend Friend! London: Dorling Kindersley. If this essay isn't quite what you're looking for, why not order your own custom Science essay, dissertation or piece of coursework that answers your exact question? There are UK writers just like me on hand, waiting to help you. Each of us is qualified to a high level in our area of expertise, and we can write you a fully researched, fully referenced complete original answer to your essay question. Just complete our simple order form and you could have your customised Science work in your email box, in as little as 3 hours. This Science essay was submitted to us by a student in order to help you with your studies. This page has approximately words. If you use part of this page in your own work, you need to provide a citation, as follows: Essay UK, Major Parts Of The Nervous System . Available from: http://www.essay.uk.com/free-essays/science/major-parts-nervous-system.php [05-10-17]. If you are the original author of this content and no longer wish to have it published on our website then please click on the link below to request removal:

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10 Most Common IELTS Writing Task 2 Topics. The post will give you the 10 most common IELTS Writing Task 2 topics. A question my students keep asking, again and need friend indeed, again, is #8216;What are the most common IELTS writing part 2 topics?#8217; They are worried that they won#8217;t be familiar with the topic and will not have any relevant ideas. This is especially true for students from on science, #8216;developing#8217; countries, because most of the essay friend questions are #8216;first world#8217; problems and disorders, issues. Let#8217;s turn that disadvantage into an advantage. To answer the question I have asked my students over the last few years to send me the topics on their exams. A big thank you, to those students, who were kind enough to essay friend send me their questions. I have built up a huge amount of questions and I think it is about time to mba essays analyse them. Are the same Writing Task 2 topics repeated? The answer is yes and no. There are a huge amount of topics that come up in writing task 2. At last count there were around 50 different topics (based on collecting data over the last few years) and if you would like all 50, please let me know, but I#8217;m more concerned about the topics that come up again and again.

If you have time to familiarise yourself with over 50 topics then please do, but I think must people have to be smart with their time and essay need indeed, it therefore makes more sense to prioritise the virginia mba essays most common topics. I try to essay need indeed encourage my students to be efficient when it comes to learning. However, I don#8217;t agree with the saying #8216;Work smart, not hard#8217; as this implies you can do very little work and on science fiction, still achieve your goals. My motto is essay friend need work hard and smart. There are 10 general topics that come up more often than all of the rest put together. Of Case! They are: So what can I do with this information? Now you know the common topics there are 3 things you can do: 1. Essay Friend Indeed! Develop a vocabulary list for each topic.

Having relevant vocabulary for each topic will give you a big advantage. In Psychology! Many students fail to provide relevant vocabulary and their band score suffers. When looking at friend need friend indeed new vocabulary try to (thesis statement disorders guess the meaning from context first and then look up the essay friend indeed meaning to make sure your idea matches the introduction actual meaning. Also, be sure to look at the word within a sentence to be aware of the friend need friend indeed way it relates to other words. When recording vocabulary do it in a way that will help YOU remember it. Everyone learns in a different way and best christian, everyone learns vocabulary in need indeed, a different way. Some people like to draw pictures beside the research jr word, some people like to essay friend friend indeed write synonyms or antonyms, others prefer to write a few sentences and some people like to essays use the phonemic chart to write the word that way. Whatever works for you, do it. It is also very important to review words regularly. This is the most effective way to remember the essay friend words. Best Christian Essays! So many people learn lots of words and a week later they can’t remember them.

I would recommend reviewing them one day after learning them for the first time, then one week later and essay friend need indeed, then finally one month later. To Business Essay! After that they should be firmly stuck in your head for good. I am developing a vocabulary list for each of the topics above which you can access here. 2. Practice reading and listening within these topics. To do well on your IELTS test you should practice at home. Even just 60 minutes per day can make a big difference. This will not only improve all four skills but familiarise you with the common topics at the same time. Why waste time listening or reading something, if it is about something that probably won#8217;t come up on the test? Unless of course you are listening or reading for pleasure, in that case, be my guest. Essay Friend Indeed! If you are reading an English newspaper, look for articles on the common topics and highlight any good vocabulary.

If you like listening to virginia the radio or podcasts, find ones on the common topics. Please check out my 25 online language learning tools for lots of ways you can study at home for free. This method is so effective that some of the best IELTS schools are starting to adopt this approach. If you are going to study or practice anything then do it within the essay friend context of best christian essays, one of the essay need common topics. Virginia Mba Essays! For example, if you are practicing speaking with a friend on Skype, why not discuss one of the issues above? If you are practicing writing essays, find a question about one of the most popular or repeated IELTS topics. This method allows you to practice both the skills and essay need friend indeed, learn about (thesis statement and the these crucial topics. They also come up quite a lot in the speaking test. Can I just focus on these topics and get a high band score? Obviously, there is friend friend indeed much more to achieving a high score than just focusing on the repeated topics but this will allow you to study and prepare in a smarter and more efficient way, giving you a huge advantage. However, I would like to add that it is also important to study things you have a passion for.

If you are genuinely interested in a topic then it is much easier to study and you are less likely to quit. Statement And The! Please also make time to read, listen, talk and write about essay need your passion. If you love football, read about your team everyday on www.goal.com. Love fashion?- find some fashionista blogs. Have a passion for photography?- why not blog about it? Have a passion for introduction, astrophysics?

Listen to friend star talk radio. I looked at 15 Writing Task 2 papers over July, August and September of 2015 to introduction to business essay see if the same common topics were coming up. Essay Friend Need Friend Indeed! Here are the topics: Traditional Culture Government Spending Technology Technology Education Health Technology Traditional Culture Education Health International Aid The Environment Economics Education Health. As you can see, Technology, Health and Education are still prominent Task 2 topics. It was interesting to see Traditional Culture popping up twice in such a short period of time, but that doesn#8217;t mean that it will definitely feature again soon. I still think that Technology, Health, Education and the Environment are important topics and will feature regularly in the future. Best Christian Essays! Reading within these topics will help you and you will also pick up other vocabulary just by reading about essay friend indeed them. The important thing is to read actively. When you see a word you don#8217;t know, note it down and find out the meaning, collocation and types of case study, synonyms. Soon you will have a notebook full of new words and you review them regualelry until they become part of your vocabulary.

Here#8217;s a live video I did on Facebook about this topic: I would recommend looking at our IELTS task 2 page for lots more lessons, tips and sample task 2 answers. Essay Friend Indeed! The best way to keep up to date with our latest posts is to like our page on Facebook. There are also daily practice activities on our Facebook page. As always, if you have a question about this post or anything else, please let me know in the comments section below. 46 Comments on 10 Most Common IELTS Writing Task 2 Topics Chris. am not able to watch ur video.any idea? i think the first step is to statement on eating and the media) pass the essay friend need ielts exam is to understand where you are on mba essays in regards to your 4 skills and then prepare your plan ,without plan and agreed source of knowledge you will be lost . the question is how to essay friend friend indeed prepare a proper plan to enhance your skills ,get familiar with the exam ? also if you can prepare PDF for all the Tips that we need to take care of during the exam of the 4 skills ,that will be great . hello from uzbekistan))) Hello from Tashkent)) Home » Writing Task 2 » 10 Most Common IELTS Writing Task 2 Topics.

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A Friend in Need is a Friend Indeed - Meaning and Expansion

Essay on Trade Union: Top 13 Essays. Read this essay to essay indeed learn about Trade Union. After reading this essay you will learn about: 1. Meaning of Trade Union 2. Definition of Trade Union 3. Objectives 4. Principles 5. Why Workers Join Trade Unions? 6. Functions 7. Tactics 8. Trade Union Movement in India 9. (thesis Statement And The. Present Position 10. Recommendations of the National Commission on Labour 11. The Trade Unions Act, 1926 and Other Details. Essay on Meaning of friend, Trade Union Essay on Definition of Trade Union Essay on mba essays Objectives of Trade Union Essay on Principles of Trade Union Essay on Why Workers Join Trade Unions? Essay on Functions of Trade Union Essay on essay friend Tactics of Trade Union Essay on Trade Union Movement in India Essay on Present Position of Trade Union Essay on Recommendations of the National Commission on Labour Essay on The Trade Unions Act, 1926 Essay on Problems of Trade Union Movement in mba essays India Essay on essay need indeed Measures for Strengthening Trade Union Movement. Over the virginia years, trade unions have emerged as an essential feature of friend, industry in every country. The main reason for their emergence is the factory system and capitalistic society. In the early stages of industrialisation, there was lack of legal protection for workers.

The workers felt exploited at the hands of the employers. They joined hands to protect their interests through collective action. A trade union is an organised expression of the needs, attitudes and expectations of the workers. To an average person, a trade union signifies an organisation of workers engaged in securing certain economic benefits for its members. In the best essays modern context, however, activities of trade union are not confined to mere securing the economic benefits. Essay Friend Need. The purview of activities now includes even the political and welfare activities undertaken by them for the benefits of its members. A trade union has many facets—economic, social, and political. It strives to protect, maintain and improve economic, social and vocational interests of their members. A few important definitions of a trade union are as follows: According to Sec. 2 (b) of the Trade Unions Act, 1926. “A trade union is any combination of persons, whether temporary or permanent, primarily for the purpose of regulating the relations between workers and employers, or between workers and workers, and for imposing restrictive conditions on the conduct of any trade or business and includes the federation of two or more trade unions.”

According to Dale Yoder. Introduction Essay. “A trade union is essay friend need friend indeed, a continuing, long term association of employees, formed and maintained for paper king jr, the specific purpose of advancing and protecting the friend need friend indeed interest of members in mba essays their working relationships.” According to S.D. Punnekar, “A union is a continuous association of persons in industry-whether employees or independent workers—formed primarily for the purpose of the essay friend friend indeed pursuit of the interests of its members of the paper king trade they represent.” According to V.V. Giri, “Trade union is a voluntary organisation of workers formed to promote and protect their interests by collective action.” According to Edwin B. Flippo, “A trade union is an organisation of workers formed to promote, protect and improve through collective action, the social, economic and political interests of its members.” To summarise, it can be said that a trade union is an organisation of employees formed on a continuous basis for friend, the purpose of securing diverse range of benefits.

An analysis of the above definitions reveals the following characteristics of a trade union: (i) Trade union is an association of employers, employees or independent workers. (ii) Trade union is generally a permanent combination. It is not a temporary or casual combination of workers. (iii) The main aim of a trade union is to protect and further the economic, vocational and other interests of their members. (iv) Members of a trade union have common interests and problems, which motivate them to unite. (v) Trade unions always act collectively i.e. Essay. through united action of members. (vi) The unions are ready to need indeed adapt according to technological and environmental changes. Essay # Objectives of Trade Unions : According to the Trade Unions Act, 1926, “A trade union must work to protect and statement, promote the need friend interests of the workers and the conditions of their employment.” To be specific, the trade unions generally pursue the following objectives: The subject which drew the major attention of the trade unions is the study wages and salaries of the workers.

This item relates to the policy matter of the friend need enterprise. However, differences may arise in the process of their implementation. In the case of types of case in psychology, unorganised sector, trade unions play a crucial role in bargaining the pay scales. Trade unions aim to improve working conditions by securing shorter working hours, better leave facilities, adequate social security, better housing and education and other welfare benefits. 3. Rationalisation of essay friend need, Personnel Policies: The economic security of an employee is determined not only by the level of wages and duration of his employment but also by the management’s policies in respect of on science fiction, recruitment, selection, promotions, transfers, training etc. If such decisions are governed by statutory rules and rational policies, there is greater assurance of fair treatment and equal justice; otherwise there is no security for workers. A trade union should also strive for harmonious relations between the need indeed employees and employer. Trade union, being the representative of all the workers, may carry out continuous negotiations with the virginia management with a view to promote industrial peace. Another objective that unions seek to achieve is winning recognition for workers that they are equal partners with management in indeed the task of production.

The unions try to secure for essays on science fiction, workers a say in the management and industrial democracy thereby bringing about a new social order. To provide legal sanctions to its demands, the unions attempt to get these framed in the form of Acts so that they become permanent features of the contract between the employers and the workers. For this purpose, the essay need unions may take recourse to research paper luther king political action in terms of supporting some political party or forming their own political party. Modern trade unions also engage in providing educational, medical and indeed, other facilities for the development and welfare of their members, if they have sufficient funds at their disposal. Essay # Principles of Trade Unions : The trade unions have the mba essays following principles:

The strength of trade unions is their unity. Essay Friend Need Indeed. The unity among members will enable the union to to business have a good bargaining power. If the members stay divided then employers or others to whom unions put their demands will not take them seriously. So the unity in the association will be its strength. The union’s strike on the principle of equal pay for equal work of the same type. Essay Need. They oppose discrimination among workers and demand same wages for similar work. The managements may indulge in paying different wages to create divisions among employees. The ILO charter also suggests that men and women should receive equal remuneration for work of christian essays, equal value. The security of essay friend indeed, service of (thesis statement on eating disorders media), employees is the other principle of trade unions.

The continuity of service will ensure social and economic security for essay friend need friend indeed, union members. Essay # Why Workers Join Trade Unions? The trade union movement is of case study in psychology, gaining momentum with the passage of essay friend, time. Workers and martin jr, others are joining unions to protect and further their interests. Why do Workers Join Unions? The working classes are increasingly depending upon them to take up its issues with managements. The main reasons for the workers joining unions are as follows: 1. The workers join unions to get economic security. They want steady employment and proper income.

The unions take up the issue of layoffs or wage increases for workers with managements and protect the interest of their members. 2. Essay Friend Need. The unions protect workers and refrain management from taking any action which is irrational, discriminatory or prejudicial to the interest of labour. Types Of Case Study In Psychology. The workers want a proper policy for giving rewards, punishment, layoffs, transfers, promotions, etc. The unions will represent worker’s side to the management and ensure fair and just policies for service matters. 3. The unions are the voice of workers in communicating their views, aims, feelings and frustrations to management. 4. The unions also help workers in getting employment. 5. The unions provide protection to workers against economic hazards such as accident, illness, death, disability, etc. The functions of modern unions are comprehensive. These functions can be categorised as: 1. Intramural functions. 2. Essay Friend. Extramural functions.

3. Political functions. 4. Social functions. These functions are termed as militant functions too because unions may resort to strikes and other pressure tactics to get their demands implemented. Intramural functions include wage rises, proper working conditions, sanitation, safety, continuity in employment and so on. The unions try to (thesis statement disorders media) resolve these issues through collective bargaining. If discussions and meetings do not help in resolving these issues then unions use strike and other pressures as tools in getting these demands accepted. Trade unions also undertake functions which are required for essay need friend, the welfare of on science fiction, their members. These functions include provision of educational, recreational and housing facilities. The unions raise funds in the form of subscription from members and spend them for the welfare of workers. In case of untimely deaths, unions provide financial help to essay need friend the members of the deceased’s family.

Extramural functions are very important as they inculcate the spirit of co-operation against christian members. The trade unions indulge in political activities in order to help in essay need friend indeed improving the economic conditions of workers through legislative and administrative measures. The unions hold political meetings to put pressure on the government to bring new legislations which will improve the plight of working class. The unions may also collect funds for political functions. These functions include carrying out social service activities, discharging social responsibilities through various sections of the society like educating the customers. Trade unions employ certain tactics to deal with the management. These are: Organising drive is one of the major instruments of force that unions employ. Organising drive is nothing but forming a union where none exists. The mere threat of a union may bring the media) management to terms. Essay Friend Need. Similarly, a successful drive may also bring the management to terms.

The organiser tries to capitalise on employee dissatisfaction and remises workers that their dissatisfaction would be removed if they join the union. The most important union tactic is strike. Strike directly suspends production, cuts the creation of virginia, profit, cut off the employer from the market, may lose the source of materials and fixed charges such as interest, taxes and salaries for officials continue to be incurred during the indeed strike period. The very existence of an enterprise may be threatened by a prolonged strike. By its very nature, strike is a test of strength and if it succeeds in wrecking damage on the management, it does so only at the expense of the workers. Furthermore, strike is a weapon which can easily fail and which has often failed in the past, leaving strikers destitute and jobless. Unions often invoke political patronage to beat the management. Several unions owe their recognition and patronage to political parties and it is not surprising that employee organisations look to them for direction and sustenance. Unions often blackmail the management, at some critical point, of time to christian get their demands met.

Essay # Trade Union Movement in India: The trade union movement in India started with the forming of Bombay Mill Hands Association in essay need friend indeed 1890 by essays on science N.K. Lokhands. In 1897, Amalgamated Society of Railway Servants, Printers Union of Calcutta in 1905, Madras and Calcutta postal Unions 1907 were the friend need indeed other associations formed in the beginning of this movement. These were no trade unions in virginia true sense but rather social organisations.

The main aims of these organisations were to promote welfare activities and spread literacy among workers. These associations were not affiliated to any central organisation or federation. The leadership to these unions was provided mostly by social reformers, careerists and politicians-cum nationalists. The trade union movement developed fast particularly during and need friend, after World War I. (thesis Statement Disorders. The factors like economic hardship due to rise in cost of living, rising tide of essay friend, nationalism, emergence of union leadership contributed to essays on science development of friend need indeed, trade unionism in India. A number of unions such as Indian Seamen’s Union at Calcutta and Bombay, Punjab Press Employees’ Association, Madras Textile Labour Union, Railway Workers’ Unions were formed with a view to ameliorate the conditions of working class. A number of nationalist leaders like C.R.

Das, Moti Lal Nehru, Jawaharlal Nehru, Subhash Chandra Bose, V.V. Giri, S.A. Dange, S.V. Mba Essays. Ghate, some of them to mention, associated themselves with trade union movement. In 1920 All India Trade Union Congress (AITUC) was formed under the leadership of Lala Lajpat Rai. By 1926-27, workers’ and peasants’ parties sprang up and in 1928; various local units of these parties were united into in All India Workers’ and Peasants’ party. Essay. The formation of this union gave impetus to left thinking and (thesis on eating media), many unions opted for left- wing leadership.

There was a split in AITUC and essay need friend indeed, All India Trade Union Federation (AITUF) was formed under N.M. (thesis Statement Disorders And The Media). Joshi. AITUC had another split in 1931 and Red Trade Union Congress (RTUC) was formed by B.T. Ranadive and S.V. Deshpande. In 1935 RTUC merged into AITUC. After nine years of friend friend indeed, split NTUF also merged with AITUC (1940) making it again a sole representative of the organised labour. Those favouring the ideals of socialism and sharing the views of Indian National Congress separated from AITUC and formed Indian National Trade Union Congress (INTUC) in 1947. The socialists later formed Hind Mazdoor Panchayat (H.M.S.). In 1962 a new organisation called Confederation of Free Trade Unions (CFTU) was formed.

The split in political parties was followed by a split in the trade union it was dominating. This process has continued in the Indian scene right upto now. Essay # Present Position of Trade Union : There are five central organisations which dominate the trade unions in India. These organisations are briefly discussed here: 1. Introduction Ethics. The India National Trade Union Congress (INTUC): This organisation which was formed by need friend congress party in 1947 has 3153 affiliated trade unions with a total membership of over 30 lakh workers. It has strong roots in West Bengal, Assam, Gujrat, Bihar and Maharashtra. The largest number of workers in this organisation belongs to textile, jute, tea plantation, hosiery, transport and mining industries. 2. The All India Trade Union Congress (AITUC): AITUC which is to business ethics essay, affiliated to Communist Party of India is considered to be the second largest federation of trade unions with over 26 lakh members. It has basis in engineering, petroleum, building and construction industries.

AITUC is strong in West Bengal, Kerala, Tamil Nadu, Andhra Pradesh, Punjab and Delhi. HMS is the labour wing of Praja Socialist Party. The focus of this federation is more on peaceful, legitimate and democratic methods. It has affiliations in railways, cotton textile, coal mining, engineering industries, etc. It has also a base in post and telegraph department of central government. 4. Essay Friend Need Friend. The United Trade Union Congress (UTUC): Some socialist leaders formed UTUC in April 1949 with an objective to establish a workers’ and peasants’ state in India. It has influences in West Bengal, Bihar, Kerala and on science, Tamil Nadu.

Its members come from plantation, textile, ports, shipping and essay friend need, agricultural areas. 5. The Centre of Indian Trade Unions (CITU): It was formed by CPM members in 1970. CITU believes that the (thesis on eating and the exploitation of the working class can be ended only be socialising all means of production, distribution and exchange and establishing a socialist state. CITU claims a membership of over 12 lakh workers. Essay # Recommendations of the National Commission on Labour : National Commission on Labour feels that the primary function of a union is to promote and protect the interests of its members. Their goals should be to improve the economic position of workers. Indeed. These objectives will be achieved only if the unions are strong enough to take up workers’ issues with managements and the government. The commission made following recommendations to strengthen the unions: 1. Fiction. It recommended that the formation of craft and essay indeed, occupation unions be discouraged. Industrial trade unions and federations should be encouraged.

2. The number of outsiders in a union should be limited to 30 percent only and this percentage should even be less if the members of a union are 10,000 or more. 3. The ex-employees of an organisation should be treated as insiders. In some cases the union leaders resign their jobs to shoulder increasing responsibility of union or they might be victimised by (thesis statement on eating and the managements for their active participation in union activities. So the commission recommended that these persons be treated as inside members of a union. 4. The commission recommended that there should be no ban on non-employees holding office. 5. Efforts should be made to encourage leadership from amongst members of the working class. 6. Essay Friend Need. The management should be penalised for victimisation of members of unions and virginia, also for adopting unfair practices to discourage members from joining unions. 7. The commission also recommended that registration of a union be cancelled if its membership falls below a certain number and if it fails to friend file its returns in of case time and rectify the defective returns in a specified time.

8. The unions with 100 c. more members should be recognised, if there is more than one union then the one with more members should be recognised. The Trade Unions Act, 1926, legalises the formation of trade unions by allowing employees the right to form and organise unions. The Act was passed on March 25, 1926 and was brought into force from June 1, 1927. It extends to whole of need friend indeed, India. The main objective of the on science fiction Act is to provide for the registration of need indeed, trade unions and to give registered trade unions a legal status and immunity to their office bearers and members from civil and criminal liability in best christian respect of legitimate trade union activities. In pursuit of its primary objective, the Act contains 33 sections.

The provisions of the Act are divided into eight sections namely: 2. Registration of unions. 3. Duties and responsibilities of registered trade unions. 4. Right and liabilities of registered trade unions. 5. Amalgamation and dissolution of unions. 6. Submission of returns. 7. Penalties and fines. 8. Power to make regulations. The Act is a central legislation, but is administered by the state governments. Central Government handles all unions which are not confined to one state.

It has the power to amend the Act. Essay # Problems of Trade Union Movement in India: Trade unions are concentrated more or less in major metropolitan cities in India and traceable only in large scale units especially in cotton textile industry. The degree of unionism also varies from industry to industry, iron and steel, tobacco, railways, cement, banking, insurance etc. There is very little trade union activity in small scale sector, agricultural sector and domestic sector. Most of the essay friend need indeed unions have low membership. Though the number of unions and union membership are increasing, average membership is inadequate. Because of their small size, unions suffer from lack of adequate funds and find it difficult to engage the essays on science fiction services of experts to aid and advise members in times of need. They can’t bargain with employers effectively on their own.

Most of the trade unions in friend need indeed India suffer from inadequate funds. Fiction. This unsound financial position is mostly due to low membership and low rate of membership fee. Trade Union Act, 1926 prescribed the membership fee at 25 p. per member per month. But the National Commission on labour recommended the increase of rate of membership subscription from 25 paisa to Re. 1 in the year 1990. But the Government did not accept this recommendation.

Due to the financial weakness, most of the unions are not in a position to undertake welfare programmes for their workers. Most of the trade unions in India have professional political leadership. The leadership of politicians is friend friend, interested in exploiting workers for their political purposes. Strikes are organised and prolonged for personal prestige and negotiations with employer’s breakdown due to political considerations. The interest and introduction, welfare of the workers are very often ignored. Thus, the political leadership is friend, very harmful to the trade union movement in India.

Multiple unions both at essays on science the plant and industry levels are responsible for unhealthy growth of trade union movement. Essay Friend Need Friend Indeed. There exist several unions in the same establishment or industry. The existence of this phenomenon can be attributed partly to the domination of outside leaders and partly to statement on eating media) the labour laws. Trade unions Act encourages a small sector of essay friend indeed, workers to form separate unions. Political outsiders establish unions of their own to increase their political influence. Introduction Ethics Essay. In some cases, employers encourage split in unions to undermine their bargaining power. Due to the multiplicity of unions, inter-union rivalry takes place. Need Indeed. Unions try to play down each other in of case study in psychology a bid to gain greater influence on essay friend indeed the workers.

In the process, they do more harm than good to on science the cause of unionism as a whole. Employers take advantage of essay friend indeed, infighting between unions and play unions against each other. They can also refuse to bargain on the plea that there is no representative union. Research Paper. Inter union rivalry cuts at the root of essay friend need friend indeed, trade union movement, weaken the power of collective bargaining and reduces the effectiveness of workers in securing their legitimate rights. Many a times, the paper martin luther king employers refuse recognition to trade unions under the contention that unions consist of only a small number of workers or because of multiplicity of union.

Employers are under no obligation to give recognition to unions. Weak finances and political leadership do-not permit unions to engage the services of full time, paid office bearers. Union activists, who work on a part-time basis, neither have the time nor the energy to take up union activities sincerely and diligently. Workers join factories with varying backgrounds and therefore, it is difficult for them to put up a joint front in case of trouble. Employers exploit the situation, under the circumstances, by dividing workers on friend friend the basis of race, religion, language etc. In order to make the trade union movement succeed, the members of the trade unions should take keen interest in the union affairs. But majority of workers do-not take interest in union activities. The attendance at the general meetings of unions is very poor. Under such circumstances, trade unionism cannot be expected to of case in psychology make much progress and outside political leaders exploit the situation to serve their own personal agenda. Many unions in India undertake only limited welfare activities. They feel that their major activity is to fight with the employer for more wages and allowances.

Moreover, paucity of funds also hamper the welfare activities of the unions. Friend Need Friend. In the absence of welfare activities, workers are not attracted towards unions. The general public is adversely affected due to strikes, go slow policy and other practices of mba essays, unions. As a result, public support or sympathy is not available to the unions. The general public opinion is unfavourable to essay friend friend unions and their unfair practices. Essay # Measures for Strengthening Trade Union Movement: Unions must put a joint front. A strong and united trade union movement is necessary to safeguard the interests of the members and to help in achieving the best christian targets of production. To develop a strong trade union, it is necessary to expand the trade union movement to unorganised sector and small towns. The membership of unions should also be increased. The principle of one union in one industry should be adopted to avoid multiplicity of unions and inter union rivalry.

This will help in eliminating the essay need indeed problems created by multiplicity of unions. The financial problems of the unions can be solved by raising the membership and collecting for fees from types of case, all the members, the membership fees should be raised as the amount of the wages of the essay friend need friend indeed workers increased significantly compared to the situation in 1926 when Trade Union Act provided for types study, the collection of 25 paisa per month per member as subscription fees. Political leadership has developed due to the absence of internal leadership. Outside leadership is the essay friend main cause of multiple problems of the trade unions. These problems can be removed through the statement disorders development of leadership talents from within. Management should encourage internal workers to lead their own movement.

Both managements and trade unions should provide education and essay indeed, training for the development of internal leadership. Paid union officials should be employed who are persons of proven integrity and who are competent and disorders and the media), sincere. They should be able to evaluate workers’ aspirations and strong enough to negotiate with employers on equal basis. It should be made obligatory on the part of the essay indeed employers to give recognition to the trade unions. The Royal Commission observed as early as in 1931 that the fact that unions consist of only a minority of employees is not adequate reason for with-holding recognition.

Some procedure must be worked out so that the most representative union in the plant is recognised by the management. The National labour conference (1982) has suggested a check off system for verifying membership of different trade unions. Under this, workers will authorise managements to essays fiction deduct, from their wages, dues to any of the unions of their choice. This would provide the basis for finding the strength of each union and determining which of the unions would act as a bargaining agent. Unions should widen the scope of their activities and provide certain benefits and facilities to need the workers.

This will attract more workers towards unions and will make the unions strong and popular. Before publishing your articles on this site, please read the following pages:

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help paraphrasing We all know that when you write a research paper, you need evidence to support your arguments. That means you throw in a few quotes to prove to indeed your professor that you’ve actually used sources to help write your paper, right? Sure, it’s important to add some quotes, but too many quotes can mean that your paper turns into one long quotation from other people, leaving no room for your own words. If your paper turns into one big quote, you’re not even writing the paper. You’re just copying other people’s words. While that may seem like the easy way out, you won’t earn a good grade by doing this.

After all, your assignment is to write a paper, not copy and introduction to business ethics essay, paste a paper. Instead of copying a bunch of quotes to prove that you’ve done your research, try paraphrasing. When you paraphrase, you’ll include information from sources in your own words, so your professors will still know you’re using sources, but you won’t have to quote everything. To learn more, keep reading, as this blog post explains the do’s and don’ts of paraphrasing and includes 10 examples of paraphrasing for a smarter, better essay. Contrary to what you might think, paraphrasing is not simply changing a few words. Yes, in essay friend need friend, order to paraphrase, you will need to change words, but you just can’t change the word “gathering” to virginia “party” and call it a paraphrase. A properly written paraphrase expresses the essay friend indeed, ideas of a source or passage in your own words and sentence structure. Remember, you’re writing a paper for your class, so you should still use formal, academic language. Don’t use slang or jargon.

Isn’t a Paraphrase Just Like a Summary? No. A summary is a shortened version of a piece of writing. It is written in your own words and includes only the king jr, key points of the writing . Friend Need Friend Indeed. A summary is much shorter than the original source. A paraphrase is similar to a summary because you are rewriting the source in fiction, your own words. Friend Need Indeed. They key difference is (thesis statement on eating and the that paraphrases include both key points and essay friend need indeed, subpoints. Because a paraphrase includes detailed information it can sometimes be as long (if not longer) than the original source.

In either case, it’s important to keep the meaning of the original source. You can’t leave out words or add words to make the (thesis statement on eating, source fit into your paper if it changes the meaning . Yes. Always. There’s no question as to friend need whether you should or shouldn’t cite. Always cite a paraphrase. When you paraphrase, you’re rewriting someone else’s words into your own words. You’re essentially using someone else’s ideas in your paper. If you claim the information as your own (which is what you do if you don’t cite a paraphrase) you’re plagiarizing. And, of course, plagiarism means you’ll fail the paper and may even get kicked out of school!

First read the source carefully so you actually know what it means. You can’t use it as a source if you don’t understand it. Next find the part of the source you want to paraphrase. Of Case In Psychology. You’re not rewriting the entire source in your paper, so don’t paraphrase much more than a paragraph. Finally, and pay attention to this step because it’s important, set the essay friend friend, source aside. Write your paraphrase without looking at the original source. This will help you write in essays, your own words and help you resist the friend, temptation to use the wording and essays fiction, sentence structure of the original source.

Need some help putting this into practice? Read the examples below to learn what you should and friend, shouldn’t do when paraphrasing. 10 Examples of fiction, Paraphrasing to Help Your Essay. Example Paraphrase 1. “Police: Man breaks into need indeed Austin meat business, naps” Original source: “AUSTIN, Texas (AP) — Police have arrested a 28-year-old man who they say broke into best christian essays an Austin business, stole a couple of sausages and fell asleep.” Incorrect: A 28-year-old man in Austin, Texas didn’t break into friend friend indeed a business and run, like most criminals.

Instead, he took several sausages then simply fell asleep inside the fiction, business. This paraphrase uses original wording and sentence structure, but it is plagiarized because it does not cite the original source. Correct: A 28 year old man in friend need friend indeed, Austin, Texas didn’t break into a business and run, like most criminals. Instead, he took several sausages then simply fell asleep inside the business (“Police: Man breaks into introduction essay Austin meat business, sleeps”). This paraphrase includes a proper MLA in-text citation to give credit to the source. Example Paraphrase 2. “Police: Man fled crash to essay avoid yelling girlfriend”

Original source: “VINELAND, N.J. (AP) — Police in New Jersey say a man told officers he fled the scene of an auto accident because he ‘didn’t want to deal with his girlfriend yelling at him.’” Incorrect: New Jersey police state a man said he left the scene of a car accident because he didn’t want to deal with his girlfriend yelling at research jr him (“Police: Man fled crash to avoid yelling girlfriend”). The paraphrase only changes a few words. Most of the words and essay, sentence structure are too close to the original for this to of case in psychology be a good paraphrase. Correct: A man in essay friend friend, New Jersey seemed to think leaving the scene of christian essays, a car crash and being arrested was a better option than listening to his girlfriend yell. He told the police he fled because he didn’t want to essay need friend listen to her yell at mba essays him (“Police: Man fled crash to avoid yelling girlfriend”).

Example Paraphrase 3. “Plumber Caught Dancing On The Job Has All The Fly Moves” Original source: “The video of Topen’s dancing has racked up more than 400,000 views since it was posted on YouTube last week, and the plumber says he’s already been approached in public for his autograph.” Incorrect: The video has racked up more than 400,000 views since posted on YouTube last week, and the plumber has even been approached for his autograph. This paraphrase has two key problems: it doesn’t cite the original source, and essay need friend indeed, it copies too much of the introduction to business ethics, original wording and sentence structure. Correct: Even though the essay friend need, YouTube video of the (thesis statement on eating disorders media), dancing plumber was only posted last week, it has already had more than 400,000 views. Topen has become an almost instant celebrity as strangers have even asked him for essay friend indeed, autographs (“Plumber Caught Dancing On The Job Has All The Fly Moves”). Example Paraphrase 4. “These Are Miley Cyrus’ Crazy Dating Rules”

Original source: “According to Heat magazine, Miley has a list of statement on eating disorders and the, intense rules for her men-to-be while out on dates. Apparently her assistant arranges what the friend, guy must wear, do, and talk about on the date. (thesis Statement Disorders And The. She’s also not into flowers, so he’s banned from bringing her those.” Incorrect: According to Heat magazine, Miley Cyrus has a list of essay need friend, rules for her men on dates. Her assistant arranges what guys wear and what they talk about. Research Luther Jr. She doesn’t like flowers, either (“These Are Miley Cyrus’ Crazy Dating Rules”). This isn’t even a paraphrase. It just leaves out a few words.

Remember, a paraphrase must provide the friend indeed, same information as the introduction to business ethics essay, original and be written in essay friend need, your own word choice and sentence structure. Correct: As stated in essays fiction, Heat magazine, Miley Cyrus has a number of bizarre rules for dating. She’s so specific about what her dates wear, say, and do, that she has her assistant enforce these rules on dates. Need. Cyrus doesn’t even like flowers and (thesis media), won’t let her dates buy them for her (“These Are Miley Cyrus’ Crazy Dating Rules”). Example Paraphrase 5. “Top 12 Bizarre Pet Accidents” Original source: “Often, a dog will chase an friend indeed, animal with the focus of a heat-seeking missile. But a wheelbarrow planter was not part of virginia mba essays, Belgian sheepdog Rider’s focus. Rider collided with the wheelbarrow while the essay friend need, squirrel escaped up a cedar tree in Joyce Biethan’s backyard. “He’s kind of an christian essays, all-or-nothing dog and he went into ‘all,'” Biethan said. “He chased after that squirrel with total disregard of what might be in front of him.” His collision left Rider with a broken scapula, a broken rib and a punctured lung. “He was in so much pain that I think he just tried to lay low,” Biethan said. “He prescribed himself bedrest.”

Biethan said Rider did not need surgery and made a full recovery.” Incorrect: A dog named Rider ran into essay friend indeed a wheelbarrow but didn’t need surgery (“Top 12 Bizarre Pet Accidents”). Can you guess what’s missing from this paraphrase? Details! The example does paraphrase some information, but it reads more like a summary, as it’s missing key details from the story. Correct: Like many dogs, a Belgian sheepdog named Rider became so focused on chasing down a squirrel that he paid no attention to the wheelbarrow directly in front of to business, him. The squirrel got away, but Rider collided head on with the wheelbarrow. Essay Friend Need. Rider broke his scapula, broke a rib, and paper king jr, also punctured a lung. Though he was likely in a lot of pain, he only needed rest. He did not have to have surgery” ( “ Top 12 Bizarre Pet Accidents”). Example Paraphrase 6. “10 Crazy Reasons People Got Rejected From College”

Original source: “College admissions officers all advise against writing a college admission essay about something that an applicant learned while stoned or drunk. “But we still get a few of those essays,” a college admissions officer tells me. Essay Friend Friend. “We even got the classic one about statement disorders, how the essay friend, student, while stoned, realized that the solar system is an atom and the earth is an christian, electron. You’ll remember, that conversation occurred in the movie Animal House .” Incorrect: A college admissions officer told the story of friend, a student who didn’t get into college because he wrote an admission essay about the movie Animal Hous e (“10 Crazy Reasons People Got Rejected From College”). Remember what I said earlier about writing an fiction, accurate paraphrase? This is friend friend a good example. This attempted paraphrase is about college admissions essays, but that’s where the mba essays, accuracy stops. Make sure to read the source carefully so you paraphrase correctly. Correct: College admissions officers generally tell students not to write their admissions essays about a lesson they learned when being stoned or drunk; however, some students still ignore the friend need indeed, advice.

For instance, one student wrote about the conversation in Animal House , as if it were his own stoned experience, about the solar system as an research paper luther king, atom and the earth as an election (“10 Crazy Reasons People Got Rejected From College”). Example Paraphrase 7. Essay Indeed. “Over-the-top international fast-food items” Original source: “For some reason, cheese-topped donuts are quite popular in Indonesia, and in September 2013 KFC decided to get in on the action, offering a glazed donut topped with shredded Swiss and best essays, cheddar cheese.” Incorrect: Cheese-topped donuts are popular in Indonesia. In September 2013, KFC decided to essay need friend indeed offer a glazed donut topped with shredded Swiss and paper king, cheddar cheese (“Over the top international fast-food items”).

This example is outright plagiarism. This isn’t a paraphrase at need all; it simply omits a few words. Even though it includes a proper MLA in-text citation, it doesn’t rewrite the original using your own wording or sentence structure. Correct: In 2013, a KFC in Indonesia began selling shredded Swiss and cheddar cheese topped glazed donuts, a treat that is popular in this Asian country. (“Over the top international fast-food items”). Example Paraphrase 8. “Original Batmobile, built in 1963, fetches $137,000” Original source: “DALLAS (Reuters) – Holy Bargain, Batman! The original Batmobile fetched $137,000 at auction on martin jr, Saturday, a small fraction of the $4.2 million that a buyer paid last year for essay friend indeed, another version built for the television show that aired during the and the, 1960s.”

Incorrect: The Batmobile built for essay need friend indeed, the Batman show during the 1960’s sold for $137,000 at auction” (“Original Batmobile, built in 1963, fetches $137,000”). Here’s a case of not reading carefully! Reread the research martin king, original again. Essay Friend Friend. You’ll see that the paraphrase is inaccurate. The Batmobile built for the 1960’s TV show actually sold for $4.2 million. Correct: The original Batmobile only sold for on science, $137,000 at auction, but the Batmobile built for the 1960’s TVs show sold for $4.2 million the year before (“Original Batmobile, built in 1963, fetches $137,000”). Example Paraphrase 9. “Police: Man Swapped furniture while neighbors away” Original source: “TACOMA, Wash. Friend Need Friend Indeed. (AP) — A Washington state man is accused of swapping furniture with his neighbors while they were away.

“The News Tribune reports the Lakewood man and a friend who is accused of helping him pleaded not guilty Wednesday to fiction charges of residential burglary. “Court papers say a couple who returned to their apartment Monday found their love seat, matching chair and other belongings gone. A recliner and TV stand were left in essay need friend, their place. Information on (thesis on eating and the, a traffic ticket and essay friend, pizza receipt pointed to types study the neighbor. “The man told police he thought the essay friend friend indeed, couple had moved and abandoned their furniture. Police say he told them he was drunk when he decided to martin jr switch furniture, calling his buddy for help.” Incorrect: A man switched furniture with his neighbor.

Where do I start with the problems here? First, there is no citation. Essay Friend. Without the citation, the paraphrase is plagiarized. Second, the paraphrase is too brief and does not summarize the information accurately. While the man did switch furniture with his neighbors, it’s important to note that he did so without his neighbor’s knowledge and while he was drunk.

Correct: A man pleaded not guilty to to business ethics residential burglary even though he switched furniture with his neighbors while they were away. Need Friend. He was drunk at the time and introduction to business, claimed he thought his neighbors had moved and abandoned their furniture (“Police: Man Swapped furniture while neighbors away”). Example Paraphrase 10. Friend Need. “Man Scares off Thieves with Gun on Walker” Original source: “A 68-year-old Gastonia man says he scared off two men in ski masks trying to essays break in his home with his gun he can keep on his walker. Essay Friend Need Friend Indeed. And then he taped a note to his door saying if they try to break in his house again, he will be waiting on them.” Incorrect: A 68-year-old man scared off two men trying to break into research martin luther king his home. He had a gun on essay need, his walker. He taped a note to his door to warn them.

It said he would be waiting for them if they came back” (“Man Scares off Thieves with Gun on Walker”). This paraphrase uses too many of the same word choices, but it also contains another error. Simply breaking a paraphrase into multiple sentences does not mean you’re writing it in your own words. Correct: Two men attempted to break into a 68-year-old man’s home; however, they were scared off by the gun the man kept on his walker. Afterwards, the man taped a note to the door warning that he’d be waiting for the burglars if they came back” (“Man Scares off Thieves with Gun on essay, Walker”) Remember these three tips to paraphrase like a pro. Include key points and friend friend indeed, sub-points from the original source.

Write a paraphrase in your own words and research martin king jr, use your own sentence structure. Always cite a paraphrase. Don’t forget to essay friend need have our Kibin editors review your paper. While they can’t paraphrase your document for you, they can make sure that your paraphrasing makes sense and is grammatically correct! Psst. 98% of to business ethics, Kibin users report better grades! Get inspiration from over essay friend need friend 500,000 example essays. About the Author. Susan M. Inez is a professor of English and to business essay, writing goddess based out of the Northeast. Can you paraphrase this paragraph?please help me quickly.

In this time globalization, more and more people speak more than one language.Nevertheless, bilingual or multilingual communication demands not only the ability to use the other language but also to be able to essay need and be willing to read the communication situation-this includes verbal and nonverbal behaviors as well as emotional reactions to such. To write the particular and types, functional essay every possible way out essay friend need friend, needs to place in the sections in proper as well as precise manner. No matter how hard the on eating and the, situations are the essay need indeed, single stated propositions are very much precise In every single way. Martin Luther. Therefore this is an ample opportunity to make the perfect along with proper steps for smoother operations along with fundamental approaches to make the mark in functional options in every possible way. Thanks for sharing. need help can you paraphrase the lyrics of the essay friend, song favorite girl by introduction justin bieber…. please. Paraphrasing song lyrics can be difficult!

To paraphrase this song, you’ll want to condense the lyrics and put them in your own words, but still keep the essay friend, second-person perspective. Best Christian. So a paraphrase of the first couple stanzas might be: “While I always knew you were the prettiest, coolest girl I knew, I didn’t know my wish about you would come true.” Depending on friend friend, your assignment, a summary might be a better approach. If that’s the case, then you could write a pretty good summary by answering this question: If you were explaining to a friend what the song was about (assume she’s never heard it), what would you say? Then boom — you’ll have your summary #128578;

how to paraphrase someone’s life experience for example if storyline is christian like “i went to drop my friend in cab and asked the driver to wait . Friend. then i got into a conversation with him.