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Aqa a level biology essays

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business plan isp Use Business Plan Pro to edit this sample plan and essays, make it your own. Over 500+ additional sample plans also included. Business Continuity Plan Assessment. Internet - ISP - Ongoing. Aqa A Level Essays. The Web Solutions strategy is to achieve name recognition and in business, attract customers by aggressively pricing its services. Once customers have been acquired, the aqa a biology company will seek to offer them additional services which will increase margins and provide them with useful solutions they would not otherwise find. The company will also implement a low-cost strategy. This will be achieved by working to establish and develop agreements with local media companies to exchange services for discounted advertising and other exposures.

Web Solutions' market strategy is to build on its core portfolio of products and doctoral, services using the company's expertise in the ISP industry. The company will leverage its discounted services to help provide secondary income streams. For instance, the company plans to launch free email services, business directories, and aqa a level biology essays, other similar services which will attract current and potential customers to thesis in business administration our Web pages. Aqa A Level Essays. These page views will be used to generate advertising revenue, as well as increase exposure of our own products and services. Web Solutions will be able to excel in the market because the company is small, highly focused, and motivated. The company can respond quickly to changing opportunities and argumentative essay gay marriage rights, take advantage of the latest technologies. The company plans to expand its marketing efforts, service offerings, and production. Aqa A Essays. It is anticipated that additional services will be offered and more personnel hired within 30 days of leads to success essay, initial capital funding.

Web Solutions plans to capitalize on the following areas of growth: High-speed Internet connectivity via DSL, Wireless, and other technologies. Web hosting and design tailored to small, local businesses. E-commerce and associated online databases. Web Solutions is currently the essays lowest-priced provider in Phoenix for most commercial services, and essay, its reputation has been consistently high. Size gives the company a competitive advantage, in that it can see where the industry is essays, going and move in that direction more quickly than the thesis competition. This also allows the company to be more efficent at recruiting and aqa a level biology essays, hiring highly creative and thesis, talented individuals who tend to shy away from large corporate environments. The company has worked to overcome old mistakes made by existing ISPs by hiring technically-savvy individuals. The concentrated marketing activities of Web Solutions focus on the business mission and are comprehensive in nature. The following activities are the marketing department's mission: Advertising design and placement. Public relations schedules and press releases throughout each year.

Creation of annual advertorial (advertisement/tutorial) themes for trade journals and biology, industry conferences. Planning and execution of all industry conferences, including the reservation of space, booths, personnel, messages, literature, etc. Introductory. Collection, analysis, and internal dissemination of competitive information. Creation and maintenance of all corporate literature. Design, maintenance, and monitoring of websites.

Design and creation of sales support material. Collection and dissemination of biology, client testimonials. To generate sales, the company uses direct marketing, computer reseller and repair facilities, and high-traffic areas (e.g. store checkout stands). Currently, several local companies display the company's CD-ROMs at their checkout stands in thesis, the Phoenix area in exchange for free Web hosting. Marketing initiatives will focus on four areas: Colocation (Server Hotel) facilities, Web hosting, dialup access, and content provision. Marketing activities will be concentrated in the following categories: Contact Campaigns. This initiative will encompass various methods of reaching potential customers to generate interest, followed by direct mail to the potential customer.

Print Advertising. Ads will be developed and placed in several industry publications. Trade Shows. The company will participate in aqa a biology, selected local and national shows that will provide an opportunity to develop exposure. This is a very effective tool in creating awareness and stimulating lead activity. Industry Organizations and Associates. The recommendation is to join a number of organizations that are relevant to the company as a whole. This initiative will create awareness of the company within the industry, and provide networking opportunities. Telemarketing Campaign. Leads Essay. Telemarketing activities geared to identify qualified leads, follow-up on sales progress to the qualified leads, and assurance that new potential contact lists are current and accurate. Promotional GiveAways.

This is a traditional way of advertising a company's name by giving something away. Level. This will be used in conjunction with community service organization fund-raising efforts and traditional advertising. Web Solutions currently has strategic relationships with: World Communications for Internet service. Phoenix DSL Networks for DSL resale. Phoenix Communications for high-speed wireless. Internet of Phoenix for dialup connectivity (they provide wholesale pricing in undergraduate architecture thesis, the Phoenix area). Web Solutions benefits from these relationships by receiving very competitive pricing on most of these services, allowing the company to offer competitive pricing on its services to customers.

The company is currently pursuing an agreement with a local radio station to provide Web-hosting services which will eventually include extended email services and dial-up access offered to their listeners under a co-branding agreement. There have also been discussions about this becoming a nationwide collaboration between Web Solutions and the stations' parent company, Jordan's Media. The company plans to aqa a level develop community calendaring and groupware applications for use by the company and the afore-mentioned radio station. This will provide a simple, useful tool for education essay organizations, businesses, and aqa a, individuals to organize, plan, announce, and track projects and events. Introductory Lines. This is being based on the Open Source project maintained at and will most likely be developed to contain both Open Source and proprietary components.

In the future, the company plans to partner with backbone providers, wholesale carriers, and other strategic organizations to: Reduce cost of goods and services utilized. Increase the number and variety of goods and services offered to customers. Chart the growth of the company into new territories. At this time, the company is establishing re-seller agreements with DSL and Wireless high-bandwidth providers, and aqa a level essays, other services which will allow the company to compete in essay gay marriage rights, these markets, thus allowing for broader consumer recognition. Use Business Plan Pro to edit this sample plan and make it your own.

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AQA Biology Synoptic Essays: For the new exam starting 2016

The Evolution of the Russian Diaspora in Independent Ukraine. Boris Zazhigaev , Ph.D in level biology essays, Political Science, is professor, head of the Department of International Relations and Foreign Policy and Deputy Director of the Kyiv International University, Ukraine. Resume: In a situation where ethnic Russians are now the lowest caste on the social ladder of Ukrainian society, they are not in the position to uphold their rights in Ukraine on their own. Today, the outlook for the Russian diaspora’s involvement in Ukrainian politics is bleak. Ukraine’s independence, which it acquired in the early 1990s, came as a total surprise to the republic’s political elite. Continuity Risk? Kiev’s path to independence began when it jumped on the sovereignty bandwagon that – much to the bewilderment of the Ukrainian people – was set in motion by its huge northern neighbor.

On June 12, 1990, the First Congress of People’s Deputies of the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic (RSFSR) adopted the Declaration of State Sovereignty; Ukraine reacted to aqa a level biology the “Big Brother’s” move only a month later: On July 16, 1990, the Supreme Council of the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic passed, by an overwhelming majority of votes (97 percent), the Declaration of State Sovereignty of Ukraine. Its content hardly matched its title. The provisions of the Declaration, however, only indicated the republic’s intention to become an independent state and readiness to sign a new Union Treaty. Following are some of business plan risk assessment, its provisions: 1. The Ukrainian SSR shall grant its own citizenship, while guaranteeing each Ukrainian citizen the preservation of his/her Soviet citizenship. 2. Level Essays? The Ukrainian SSR proclaims its intention to become a neutral state unaffiliated with any military blocs. 3. Doctoral In Business Administration? Relations between the Ukrainian SSR and other Soviet republics shall be built on treaties based on principles of level biology essays, equality, mutual respect, and non-interference in internal affairs. The Declaration provides a foundation for a new Ukrainian Constitution and Ukrainian laws, defining the Republic’s positions on international affairs. The principles laid down in the Declaration of education to success, Ukraine’s Sovereignty shall be used in signing the aqa a level essays Union Treaty.

In the early 1990s, Ukraine’s population was socially homogeneous, united by the aspiration for a better life and architecture thesis broader socio-political freedoms. The sovereignty bandwagon had little if any effect on the average citizen who at that time did not feel any pressure from the Ukrainian authorities. Essays? Under those conditions, the republic’s ethnic Russians did not see any threat to their social rights or interests. Few people in the east and continuity assessment west of the country believed that a nation-state could be built in Ukraine, and judging by the activities of the Ukrainian nationalists, such expectation in biology essays, the western regions was even weaker than in the east. Hence plans by the leader of the Ukrainian nationalist movement Narodny Rukh, Vyacheslav Chornovil, to establish a Galician Ukrainian Republic with the capital in Lvov.

In the early 1990s, Ukraine was a multiethnic state comprising over 130 ethnic groups and nationalities. Lines? At the same time, there were only two core groups – Ukrainians and Russians. According to the 1989 census, ethnic Ukrainians accounted for 72.7 percent (37.8 million) and ethnic Russians for 22.1 percent (11.5 million) of the aqa a biology republic’s population. For Essays? Any other ethnic group constituted less than one percent of the population, or a total of 5.2 percent. At that time, when the Soviet nomenklatura, which had preserved its positions in Ukraine’s political elite and started an illegal redistribution of aqa a biology, property from the business continuity plan risk former Soviet Union, the people at large were not concerned by interethnic relations, not even in biology, the Crimea, where Crimean Tatars began returning to their homes. Polls showed that ethnic conflicts ranked just seventh on the list of the Crimeans’ concerns, after poverty, unemployment, crime, and other social problems. In terms of the density and distribution of ethnic Russians, three regions can be singled out in Ukraine: – the Crimea and the city of Sevastopol, where ethnic Russians had an overwhelming majority (65.6 percent in the Crimea and 74.4 percent in Sevastopol); – eastern and southern parts of Ukraine, where ethnic Russians made up a substantial share of the population: the for essays Donetsk region (43.6 percent), the Lugansk region (44.8 percent), the Zaporozhye region (32 percent), the Kharkov region (33.2 percent), the Dnepropetrovsk region (24.2 percent), the Odessa region (27.4 percent), the Kherson region (20.2 percent), the Nikolayev region (19.4 percent) and level essays the city of english thesis statement outline, Kiev (20.9 percent); – western and central parts of Ukraine, where the share of aqa a biology, ethnic Russians varied from 2.3 percent in business continuity plan assessment, the Ternopol region, to 11.7 percent in the Kirovograd region. The number of Russians living in aqa a essays, these parts of Ukraine, their ethnic mix and their links with Russian culture were key factors in the ethnic identification of the Russian population and its aspiration for reunification with its historical motherland, as well as its resistance to the nationalist policy pursued by the Ukrainian ruling authorities. These processes were not spontaneous manifestations of nationalism or separatism on the part of the ethnic Russian population. It was a natural socio-political reaction against the elimination of a previously unified ethno-cultural area inside of a new state that had proclaimed itself a republic.

Political pundits, especially in Russia, believe that the thesis Crimeans, under the leadership of the CPSU [Communist Party of the Soviet Union] regional committee, started petitioning for aqa a level essays, the return to Russia as early as August 19, 1991. Argumentative Essay Gay Marriage? This does not correspond to reality. The Crimean nomenklatura was concerned with something else – namely, holding on to power and property, and aqa a biology preventing both the Russians and doctoral thesis in business administration Kiev from making a grab for it. This explains why a year prior to the State Emergency Committee coup attempt and the Belovezha Forest Accords, on January 20, 1991, a referendum on “restoration of the Crimean Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic” was held in level biology, the Crimean region. At that time, there was no question about a rapprochement with Russia nor about thesis statement outline secession from the Ukrainian SSR and accession to the RSFSR, which could have happened during perestroika. At that time, there were no ethnic-Russian organizations in Crimea. There was the aqa a level biology Movement of Voters for a Crimean Republic, but it was not concerned with ethnic issues.

Even the introductory RDK, an abbreviation that was often defined (erroneously) as the Russian Movement of the Crimea [from Russkoye Dvizheniye Kryma], was in fact the aqa a biology Republican Movement of the Crimea [Respublikanskoye Dvizheniye Kryma], which subsequently became known as the thesis administration RDK/RPK Crimean political party (the party of Yuri Meshkov, the Crimea’s only president). Until 1994, all branches of government were controlled by essays, the Crimean nomenklatura, including the judiciary, the Prosecutor’s Office, the Interior Ministry, and the security service (now the Ukrainian Security Service). Neither Ukraine nor Russia had any influence there. On May 6, 1992, the Crimean Supreme Council [parliament] adopted the Constitution of the Crimean Republic, proclaiming the Crimea a “law-governed, democratic and secular state within Ukraine.” Under the Constitution, the Crimean Republic’s relations with Ukraine were built on a power-sharing law; it was the constitution of a full-fledged state where Ukraine had no claims on the Crimea. At the english statement same time, the Constitution did not use the aqa a word “Russia” or “Russian” even once.

Due to the state policy of the Ukrainization in the southeastern regions, ethnic contradictions began to argumentative essay rights emerge in 1993-94. This led to biology essays the suppression of the rights of ethnic Russians and Russian-speakers, the education to success essay imposition of the Ukrainian language, the aggressive expansion of Ukrainian culture, and the threat that ethnic Russians would lose the connection with their historical motherland. The Crimea was the aqa a biology only part of Ukraine that saw a complete rotation of the political elite in undergraduate, 1994. This was caused by the inability of the Crimean nomenklatura to rule the aqa a biology region amid pressure from the introductory Crimean Tatars, who were demanding a privileged position for biology, themselves and striving for national statehood on the Crimean Peninsula. In those conditions, the argumentative gay marriage rights majority of the Crimea’s population began to identify themselves as Russians. From 1993 to 1997, Crimea’s ethnic Russians linked their security to the presence of Russia’s Black Sea Fleet and level biology essays Russia’s historical interests in doctoral in business administration, the Crimea. There were no contradictions between the Crimea’s Russian and Ukrainian population: it was a single whole. Furthermore, the aqa a level biology majority of Crimean Ukrainians identified themselves as Russian-speakers. At that period, the english interests of the essays people and the nomenklatura, which had started the introductory lines for essays re-division of the Soviet pie, came into conflict. In that situation, the RDK movement, led by Yuri Meshkov, who, with support from Russia, became the president of the Crimea in the 1994, expressed the interests of the Crimea’s ethnic Russian majority.

Two months later, the level biology essays Rossia bloc secured a majority in regional parliamentary elections. The change of the elite in the Crimea, together with the lines for essays coincidence of the national interests of its ethnic Russian population and the state interests of Russia, laid the groundwork for the formation of ethnic-Russian NGOs in aqa a level biology essays, the Crimea and Sevastopol. The Crimea was the only region in Ukraine where the nomenklatura had entered into an open conflict with civil society. One distinguishing feature of the to success essay situation was that in fighting for aqa a biology, the restoration of its ruling status in the Crimea, the nomenklatura betrayed its public interests and took Ukraine’s side in its conflict with the argumentative essay pro-Russian Crimea. Ethnic-Russian NGOs in the Crimea saw their activities peak in the mid-to late 1990s. They enjoyed a broad public base and high potential, but unlike other Crimean ethnic groups, they received only selective support from Russia in level essays, strict compliance with interstate agreements. Furthermore, this support was coordinated through old nomenklatura channels. Funding went mostly to organizations that fit into the configuration of Ukraine’s state political machine. As a result, ethnic Russian organizations in the Crimea have come to be led by ethnic Bulgarians, Karaims and Ukrainians. It is noteworthy that ethnic Ukrainians as a general rule are more radical toward Ukraine than any other groups. Ethnic Russian organizations have not become truly mass organizations; they do not express the interests of ethnic Russians in the Crimea nor defend Russia’s interests.

Meanwhile, other countries actively support their Diasporas in the Crimea. Turkey, for example, provides especially strong support to the Crimean Tatars. This collaboration has an economic basis that has united the Crimean Tatars and doctoral thesis turned them into a robust political force and an effective mechanism for exerting pressure on the ruling authorities. There also exists close humanitarian and cultural cooperation. Similar aid is level essays, provided to other ethnic communities – from Greek to German to Estonian, not to mention the Jewish community whose positions in the Crimea are by far the strongest.

The United States and all European countries, including the thesis Netherlands and Denmark, provide assistance to all ethnic groups in the Crimea, including the level biology essays nationalist part of the Ukrainian Diaspora. Undergraduate Architecture? The only exception to this rule is the aqa a level Russian population. Russia has always regarded the Crimea’s ethnic Russians as part of the Soviet people. This approach – at a time when Ukraine’s officials view this group as a potential source of english thesis statement, separatism – has turned them into the most oppressed section of the population. Today, ethnic Russians make up the greatest part of the population in the Crimea but remain the worst organized ethnic group. They have been left without political parties to represent their interests, as well as organizational or economic structures. They have no significant representation in level, the legislative or executive branch of introductory, government. The status of the Russian Diaspora in eastern and central parts of Ukraine drastically differs from that in the Crimea. These are large industrial coal-mining and metallurgic areas, while Russia was the principal, if not the only consumer of their products. The people who live in these regions were raised on the Soviet doctrine of internationalism and are still under the influence of the aqa a level ideology of proletarian collectivism. They are united into large collectives, regardless of their ethnic backgrounds, by the simple survival instinct.

Ukrainian pundits described this phenomenon as civic dormancy. The population of doctoral, Ukraine’s eastern regions is aqa a level, controlled through “red” enterprise directors who are running state-owned companies like their own fiefdoms. The people from the eastern regions of Ukraine have a strong connection with the industrial enterprise or coalmine where they work. They usually speak Russian or use a mixture of Russian and Ukrainian. Both steelmakers and coalminers are native Ukrainians, and except for argumentative essay gay marriage, the language and the Soviet era of industrialization, there is little that links them to level essays Russia. Their mentality is different from argumentative essay gay marriage, that of the Crimean people, the majority of who are former servicemen of the Black Sea Fleet or family members. The Crimean people have been raised on the historical traditions of Russian soldiers and the heroism they showed in the numerous wars fought on Crimean soil. Ethnic Russians from the aqa a biology east and south of Ukraine have been brought up on internationalism and introductory for essays working-class traditions of the Soviet era.

The political elite in southeastern Ukraine is comprised of the Soviet-era nomenclature, which has a strong element of organized crime and casts itself as a defender and protector of aqa a level biology essays, working-class interests. Ethnic Russians in the southeastern regions of Ukraine have not yet acquired a distinct identity, merging with the education to success rest of the population. Their demands are exclusively economic and social: payment of biology, wage arrears, job security, welfare benefits, etc. At the same time, their mentality is more solid, more associated with Russia than western or central Ukraine. Ethnic Russians in southeastern Ukraine clearly gravitate more toward Russia than the business West. Aqa A? A potential conflict between these mutually assimilated sections of the population and Ukraine’s nationalist western regions could lead to the country’s transformation as a federation. The situation with the ethnic Russian and Russian-speaking populations in western Ukraine drastically differs from the situation in southeastern Ukraine, not to mention the Crimea. For Essays? In western Ukraine, the period immediately following the acquisition of independence is marked by biology essays, a surge in argumentative essay, rabid Ukrainian nationalism. As a result, ethnic Russians in western Ukraine are now associated with the crimes of the Soviet-era totalitarian regime under Stalin, not least the level biology essays deportation of western Ukrainians to Siberia and the Soviet Far East. As the country gained independence, nationalists in western Ukraine began to stage a comeback, including those who had fought against undergraduate architecture, the Soviet Army during World War II.

Not surprisingly, Russians are now the main targets of nationalist attacks as nationalism is level biology, emerging as a state ideology in Ukraine. Following are several excerpts from a Ukrainian history textbook for 11th graders: 3.3 The resistance movement against rights, Soviet rule by the Organization of Ukrainian Nationalists (OUN) and the Ukrainian Insurgent Army (UPA). Aqa A Level? At that time, OUN-UPA operated under a slogan proclaimed by Roman Shukhevich (who headed the movement since the fall of 1943): ‘Make sure that not a single village recognizes Soviet power. All those who recognize Soviet power must be eliminated. Not intimidated, but physically destroyed. We need not be afraid that people will curse us for introductory lines, our cruelty. Level Biology Essays? If only thesis half of Ukraine’s 40 million population remains, there will be nothing terrible about this.’ In 1945, in the Lvov region alone, about 5,000 NKVD officers, operatives, party functionaries, government officials, Komsomol [Young Communist League] members, rural council chairmen, collective farm directors, and schoolteachers were killed.

3.4 Punitive operations by aqa a biology essays, Soviet state security services. NKVD-KGB agencies also practiced mass terror in argumentative gay marriage rights, western Ukraine. In 1944-45, regular army forces and militia units conducted about 40,000 operations, killing 103,000 insurgents, while arresting another 125,000. For their part, the aqa a level biology insurgents carried out 6,000 operations, conducted 14,500 acts of sabotage and terrorism, killing at least 30,000 people. On April 24, 1944, a large battle took place near the village of Gurby, Rovno region, with about 30,000 men on the Soviet side and up to 5,000 on the UPA side. [It was in effect a second front against the Soviet Army. – B.Z.] In independent Ukraine, OUN-UPA activities have acquired a new, patriotic meaning for the new generation of leads to success, Ukrainians in the country’s western regions.

This is considerably facilitated by the assistance of various Western foundations and organizations. Most of these foundations and organizations can be regarded as players in the Ukrainian political process.” One distinguishing feature concerning the plight of ethnic Russians in western Ukraine is that representatives of other ethnic minority groups, which seek to integrate into the Ukrainian linguistic environment, distance themselves from ethnic Russians. Ethnic Russians in western Ukraine are comprised of mostly retired military servicemen and their family members, as well as intellectuals who were forced to aqa a biology essays the region in Soviet times to fill labor positions. Today, these people find themselves in continuity plan, a precarious situation. Their under-representation on the national level, in the midst of a nationalistic, flag-wavering euphoria, prevents ethnic Russians from aqa a, effectively upholding their rights in public. Business Continuity Plan Risk Assessment? There are only two options open for them – either finding ways to assimilate into Ukraine or move to Russia, which is in fact what is happening. The Russian population is shrinking at an especially high rate in the Ivano-Frankovsk region (56.3 percent) and level biology essays the Lvov region (52.6 percent). In the Vinnitsa region, the number of ethnic Russians is down by nearly half. In the Volyn region, their numbers have declined by 46.4 percent; in the Zhitomir region, 43.3 percent; the Kirovograd region, 41.7 percent; the Rovno region, 43.8 percent; and education leads the Khmelnitsky region, 42.4 percent. In the Chernigov, Cherkassy, Kharkov, Sumy, Zaporozhye, Poltava, Odessa, Kiev, Transcarpathian, and Dnepropetrovsk regions, the Russian population has decreased by 32 percent to 37 percent (according to the 1989 and 2001 censuses).

In the republic’s capital of aqa a biology, Kiev, the number of ethnic Russians has fallen by 37.1 percent, or 199,000. Administration? Unlike other world capitals, a large number of people coming to aqa a level essays Kiev from the provinces ignore the business continuity plan risk opportunities provided by city culture, and are spreading the level low culture of the western Ukrainian provinces. This has affected not only business risk assessment Kiev’s urban life, but also the rotation of the Ukrainian elite. Another factor here is the policy of Ukrainization, which has been acquiring a strong centripetal element amid rising political populism that is increasingly assuming the form of ultra-nationalism. Since 1994, the Ukrainian government has actively and very effectively opposed the formation of the country’s Russian Diaspora. This counteraction is intensified by Russia’s attitude toward its compatriots and its economic policy toward Ukraine. Russia has in effect created Ukraine’s nationalist oligarchy. According to Igor Bakai, the former head of property management under President Leonid Kuchma, 50 of the wealthiest Ukrainian businessmen made their fortunes by cooperating with Russia in the oil and gas sectors. Meanwhile, not a single ethnic-Russian organization in Ukraine has managed to create an economic niche for itself. Russian businessmen (from Russia) form partnerships exclusively with representatives of the nationalistic Ukrainian circles. This applies to LUKoil, TNK and other business majors.

Similar trends are observed in biology essays, the fields of art, culture, science and education. The lack of a financial base has effectively caused ethnic Russians to fall by the wayside in Ukraine’s political life: they have become a political tool in continuity risk assessment, hands of others. This situation evolved under President Leonid Kuchma, a representative of the “red” eastern nomenklatura. Kuchma, the former director of the Yuzhmash production association, was seen in Moscow as a pro-Russian politician, while relations between Russia and Ukraine in the economic and humanitarian sphere were dominated by horizontal nomenklatura links inherited from the Soviet era. The West was for level biology essays, a long time patronizingly indulgent toward the Kuchma regime’s criminal antics, understanding the degree of its energy dependence on Russia and Russia’s historical and genetic influence on Ukraine, as well as its geographic proximity. At the same time, the West gives Kuchma much credit for distancing Ukraine from education leads to success, Russia.

Long before the level 2004 “Orange Revolution,” Neue Zurcher Zeitung wrote: “It is often overlooked that Russia, even in leads to success essay, such former Soviet republics as Ukraine or Belarus, cannot act at its own discretion. No matter how ‘anti-West’ he might look to level biology essays many Europeans, President Kuchma refused to doctoral administration let Ukraine move back under Moscow’s wing. He is balancing between the West and essays the East: Kiev signs a Common Economic Area agreement with Russia, Kazakhstan and Belarus, and then asks for EU admission.” Such a policy enabled Kuchma to escape the fate of business, Slobodan Milosevic, the former president of Serbia and level essays of Yugoslavia, and receive indulgences from the West. Now that Ukraine has a new president, it is especially clear how cynically Leonid Kuchma wielded his influence over doctoral thesis in business, ethnic Russian organizations. By a quirk, the city of Lvov was chosen as the center of Ukraine’s ethnic Russian movement; the Lvov-based organization was reorganized as a political party called Russian Bloc.

Not surprisingly, that party did not enjoy sufficient credibility among Ukraine’s ethnic Russians. In the 2002 parliamentary election, the Russian Bloc garnered about 0.7 percent of the vote nationwide. In the city of Sevastopol, it received 8.9 percent of the vote and about 5 percent in the Crimea as a whole. At that time, ethnic Russians accounted for over 60 percent of the Crimea’s population and 72 percent of Sevastopol’s. The Russian Bloc did not run in the 2006 parliamentary election. In the 2006 election for the Sevastopol city council, it took a mere five seats out of 75.

Ethnic Russians in Ukraine have always felt the strong influence that the Ukrainian ruling authorities had on ethnic Russian organizations in the country. Furthermore, Russia itself supported only those ethnic Russian organizations in Ukraine that were supported by aqa a level essays, the Ukrainian establishment. In those conditions, many ethnic Russians, for safety considerations, stopped identifying themselves as Russian. It is impossible to english thesis outline create an organized Russian Diaspora in Ukraine under such conditions. In eastern and central parts of the country, there are small, almost “underground” circles of intellectuals loyal to the ruling authorities and enjoying the support of Russian officials. Concerning the essays Russian Diaspora, there are two principal levels of its evolution: 1. English? Emigration (repatriation) to Russia. 2. Forced assimilation of ethnic Russians in Ukraine. During the level essays space of 12 years between the 1989 and 2001 censuses, the number of ethnic Russians in Ukraine declined by approximately 3,170,000, or 26.6 percent. In 2001, there were 8,334,100 ethnic Russians living in Ukraine, or 17.3 percent of the total population.

In between the undergraduate architecture two censuses, Ukraine’s population shrank from 51.9 million to 48.2 million, yet the number of ethnic Ukrainians increased by 0.3 percent since 1989. This means that ethnic Russians accounted for more than 91 percent of the total decline in Ukraine’s population. The number of ethnic Russians dropped not only in western parts of aqa a level essays, Ukraine. There was an appreciable decline even in the Crimea – 11.6 percent (by 155,000); the Donetsk region, 20.4 percent (473,000); the Lugansk region, 22.5 percent (287,000); and even in the city of Sevastopol, 8.2 percent (22,100). Ethnic Russians in Ukraine are nostalgic for Russia. This attitude, however, is not matched by Russia’s treatment of its compatriots.

Russia’s Ambassador to Ukraine, Victor Chernomyrdin, has often stated in introductory, public that there are no problems in Ukraine either with the Russian language or with Russians. The ethnic evolution of the Russian-speaking population in level biology essays, independent Ukraine is closely linked with the evolution of Russian as a means of communication between Russians and Ukrainians. The issue of the status of Russian as a state language was only raised in undergraduate, the early years of Ukraine’s independence in the Crimea. Those initiatives, however, found little response in other parts of Ukraine, including in the southeastern regions. The government administration of former president Leonid Kuchma reacted strongly to those initiatives from the Crimea’s ethnic Russian organizations, and implemented harsh measures outside the bounds of the country’s Constitution: ethnic purges among state and government officials, including in the Interior Ministry and level biology essays the National Security Council, as well as in the business community. At the same time, the undergraduate architecture thesis government covertly divided enterprises in level biology, all sectors of the economy among Kuchma’s relatives and loyalists. As a result, ethnic Russians ended up on the lowest rung of the social ladder in Ukraine.

Beginning in 2000, ethnic Russians, including in the Crimea, faced up to reality and started actively studying Ukrainian and taking degree courses in Ukrainian, primarily in argumentative essay rights, Kiev. The same holds true for secondary education. Biology? This trend is observed even in Sevastopol, in the families of Russian Navy officers. Most Ukrainians speak both Russian and Ukrainian, but the proportion of english thesis statement outline, those speaking Russian is relatively higher. Ukrainian is an official language whereas Russian is used in everyday life, including among the upper sections of the Ukrainian political elite. Virtually all large-circulation newspapers in Kiev are published in Russian. Aqa A Level? Demand for fiction in Russian is argumentative essay gay marriage, incomparable to the demand for fiction in Ukrainian. These trends have nothing to do with separatism: the linguistic situation has been evolving in Ukraine over many centuries. Some Ukrainian citizens who find it more convenient to communicate in essays, Russian will strongly support the argumentative gay marriage idea of giving Russian official language status. Yet these same people will never back actions by radical political forces that could result in social upheavals, let alone bloodshed in Ukraine.

The two languages are closely interacting and essays interpenetrating. This factor assists the mutual assimilation of architecture, ethnic Russians and Ukrainians, while the biology essays Ukrainian authorities, under Yushchenko, as it was under Kuchma, strive to accelerate the process. For example, in 1995, Roman Bessmertny, a former Kuchma associate but now leader of the argumentative essay pro-presidential Our Ukraine faction in parliament developed an assimilation program for Crimean Tatars; they promptly proceeded to sue him for such a move. The period from 2004 to 2006 marked the climax in the power struggle between the criminal/oligarchic clans in Ukraine, showing that the political parties lacked any ideological principles. Coalition factions in parliament that are being proposed are ideologically incompatible. Unfortunately, the Russian language also became a bargaining chip in relations between the oligarchic clans. The campaign to promote Russian as a regional language is strongly supported by people living in these regions, but there will be no mass protests against the central authorities if they refuse it this status. In such a scenario, oligarchic groups are using Russian as a political weapon. This idea is actively backed by Leonid Kuchma’s associates who during his rule just as actively fought against biology, granting Russian the status of an official or state language.

Today, they have made a U-turn, looking after their own economic interests and education leads essay using their extensive experience. In a situation where ethnic Russians are now the aqa a lowest caste on the social ladder of Ukrainian society, where survival is no longer a social but a purely biological issue, ethnic Russians are not in the position to uphold their rights in Ukraine on their own. Today, the undergraduate thesis outlook for level, the Russian Diaspora’s involvement in Ukrainian politics is bleak. Under Ukraine’s present oligarchic form of government, the number of ethnic Russians is bound to argumentative rights decline even further; Russians will remain just a political tool in the hands of Ukraine’s nationalist elite that has opted for the Western vector of development.

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A-level Biology Previous essay titles and mark schemes - AQA

50 Critical Analysis Paper Topics. VirginiaLynne has been a University English instructor for over 20 years. She specializes in helping people write essays faster and easier. Aqa A Biology Essays. This type of essay summarizes and evaluates an argument, political situation, social phenomenon, historical event, written text, literary work, movie, or performance. Your job writing a critical analysis paper is to: Summarize : You will use your own words to explain clearly what happened.

If it is an event, you will describe the situation, people, and circumstances. If you are dealing with a text or a performance, you will explain the author's thesis, purpose, and audience. Your summary is intended to help your audience understand this subject clearly and thoroughly. Analyze: Next, you will explain the meaning of english thesis outline, this event, text or performance. You will evaluate what happened and discuss whether it is good, bad or both. If you are discussing a cultural phenomenon or a current event, you can analyze causes and effects or the importance of that event. For a written text or a performance, you will discuss how well the author conveys his or her intentions to the audience. Is the author convincing? What are the weaknesses? Respond (sometimes): Often, a critical analysis assignment requires you to present the summary and analysis objectively.

However, another way of aqa a level, writing this type of essay is to include your own point of view. Gay Marriage Rights. Be sure to check with your instructor about whether they want you to aqa a level, add your own opinion. If you write this paper with your own personal opinion included, it is sometimes called a summary, analysis, response essay. English Statement. Choose a topic from the list below that you find interesting. It helps if you already know something about the situation or the aqa a different sides of the issue. What you don't know, you will need to research. If there is a subject you feel strongly about, you will have a better motivation for english outline, doing your essay. However, you will need to be careful to do the biology summary objectively and to be sure to back up your analysis with clear reasoning, evidence, and argument. Leads. 1. Biology Essays. Communication differences between men and women . Linguistics professor Deborah Tannen has studied the way in plan assessment, which men and women communicate differently. Read a summary of the arguments from her book, Men and Women in Conversation . Summarize her argument about the differences between the way men and women communicate. Analyze the effectiveness of her suggestions about how we can communicate more effectively.

2. Drug use in level, sports. Pick a sport which has had some problems with steroid use or other illegal enhancements. Summarize the situation. Analyze what has caused drug use to become an increasing problem. How has this drug use affected the essay gameplay, the athletes, and/or the fans? 3. Anti-meth campaign. The advertising campaign, The Meth Project, has taken the level biology Say No to Drugs campaigns of the past to new extremes. Argumentative Rights. Analyze the effectiveness of this campaign and/or some of the advertisements. Aqa A Essays. 4. Homelessness. To Success. Summarize the situation of the level essays homeless in your community.

What resources are available to argumentative rights, help them? Why is homelessness still a problem? You might also want to look at some of the videos on YouTube where homeless people describe their lives. 5. College football . Summarize the importance of college football for a University. Analyze the effect of football on creating alumni involvement and aqa a biology giving, drawing students to attend the University, and bringing community pride and doctoral thesis in business administration economic development.

You can also discuss the problems that come with having a football program. 6. Obesity. Obesity rates are skyrocketing worldwide. See the essays WHO Statistics on Obesity. Summarize the problem. Analyze the consequences of obesity for the individual and society. 7 . Argumentative Essay Rights. Street art and graffiti: Examine the street art by the British-born graffiti artist who goes by the name Banksy. Level Biology. You might also want to look at the trailer for his movie about street art, Exit Through the undergraduate architecture Gift Shop , or discuss his new exhibit Dismaland: A Bemusement Park.

Analyze how his street art scenes are a comment on our society. 8. Sports on television. High ticket prices combined with technologically enhanced sports broadcasts and widescreen HD televisions which make you feel you are there, many sports fans prefer to watch the game at home. Analyze the level essays differences between watching sports live and on argumentative TV. Consider how the enhancement of television viewing is changing the sport and how it is played. 9. Multicultural identity. We all frequently have to check a box identifying our ethnicity. However, for many people, that choice is not easy because they have more than one racial or ethnic group to choose from.

Moreover, many people's appearance don't line up with the racial or cultural group they most identify with. Read The Changing Face of America from National Geographic and look at many of the faces in aqa a level biology, the article. Analyze how Americans identify themselves and others by appearances. Why is having a single racial identity so important to Americans? 10. Body size and modeling: Watch the debate between a thin model and an obese model below. Summarize the points about women, health and body image. Analyze the arguments for and against using women for models who are outside of the normal, healthy body size. 11. Multicultural families.

Adoption and intermarriage between people of different cultures and races has created more families of mixed races and cultures in the United States and other countries. Describe this situation and analyze how adoption and marriage across racial lines affect individuals in those families and the cohesion of the family as a whole. Continuity Assessment. 12. Changing gender roles: The feminist movement fought to secure equal rights for women. How have the aqa a biology roles of men and women changed over education essay the last 40 years?

How have they stayed the aqa a level same? Analyze the change in gender roles and whether it has been good or bad for relationships and families. How are these changes seen in cultural images? 13. Ethnic music: Many mainstream musicians are using ethnic influences from Africa, Latin America and elsewhere in their work. Describe the use of leads essay, ethnic music in level, one or more artists that you know. Analyze how ethnic or folk music has been used by that artist. 14. Continuity Plan Risk. Latino influences : As the United States Latino population has grown, Latino culture has become more mainstream. Describe some of the cultural examples of that Latino influence and aqa a level biology essays analyze how it is plan risk assessment, changing American culture. 15.

Single parent families: The rise in divorce has created many more families headed, at least for a while, by a single parent. Describe the differences between single parent and dual parent families. Analyze the effects of single parenting on children, on the experience of the parent or on schools and communities. 1. Aqa A Essays. Explain the changes in a character over the course of a novel . Analyze the causes and significance of those changes (example: Pip or Estella in Great Expectations ). 2. Examine a setting in a novel . Explain it in detail. Analyze the significance of that setting, for instance how that setting either foreshadows what is to come, explains a character in the novel, or provides contrast (example: the setting in Jane Eyre ). 3. Explain the conventions of continuity risk assessment, a particular genre such as the Gothic novel, the Realistic novel or the level biology Romance. Analyze how a particular novel meets or subverts those genre expectations. 4. Find out about the background of an author. Examine one of the author's works and analyze how that author's life influenced what they wrote (example: Katherine Mansfield, Virginia Woolf, or Ernest Hemingway). 5. Describe the thesis in business administration way irony is used in biology, a short story . Analyze how that irony creates meaning. How does using irony work to lines, create meaning in essays, a shorter work? (examples: Flannery O'Connor's short stories, or Mark Twain's).

6. Describe the climax of a work of literature. Analyze how the author builds up to that climax (example: Death of Julius Caesar in Shakespeare's play, the trial in To Kill a Mockingbird ). Thesis Administration. 7. Describe the biology mood of a literary work . Analyze how the author creates that mood through word choices. 8. Describe a critical dialogue in a play or novel. Leads To Success. Analyze how putting the words in aqa a level biology, a character's mouth is more effective than just having the argumentative essay author narrate the aqa a level scene and action in it. 9. Describe the to success use of allegory . Analyze the meaning of the allegory, or analyze why the author chose to use allegory in this work (examples: Orwell's Animal Farm or C.S. Lewis's Narnia books or John Bunyan in Pilgrim's Progress ). 10.

Look at one scene in a Shakespeare play . Analyze how that scene is crucial to understanding the plot or the development of biology, a character (example: Ophelia's death in Hamlet ). Thesis In Business Administration. 11. Describe a static character in a literary work (a character that does not change during the course of the work). Analyze why the author chose to use that type of character and how that affects the rest of the work (example: Tiny Tim in Dicken's The Christmas Carol vs. Scrooge). 12. Describe the narrative voice in a work of literature. Analyze how using that narrative voice impacts the meaning of the work, or how it influences the reader to aqa a level essays, see events in in business administration, a certain way. This is an essays especially interesting critical analysis to do when a work of literature uses more than one narrative voice (examples: The Help by Kathryn Stockett, Turn of the Screw by Henry James, or Bleak House by Charles Dickens). 13.

Examine the historical, cultural or literary context of introductory lines for essays, a work of literature. Biology. Analyze how understanding that context can help the undergraduate reader understand that work (examples: Chinua Achebe, Things Fall Apart , or Giovanni Boccaccio, Decameron ) 14. Look at aqa a level biology, the imagery in a poem or poems by a particular poet. Rights. Describe the imagery and then analyze how it creates meaning, tone and mood (examples: Elizabeth Barrett Brown, Walt Whitman or Carlos Williams). 15.

Examine and describe a poem which has a first person point of view . Analyze how telling the poem in the first person allows the poet to create meaning (examples: Robert Browning's Fra Lippo Lippi or My Last Duchess). 1. Pick a really terrible movie you have seen . Summarize it and essays analyze what makes this movie so bad. Is it so badly done that it actually becomes funny to watch? (examples: Trolls II , Plan 9 from Outer Space ) 2. Examine a movie based on a book you've read. Analyze how well the book has been adapted into a movie. Explain why you think the director made changes to the book in adapting it for the screen. Continuity Plan. Do the book and essays the movie have the same impact on the audience?

Which is better? (examples: Lord of the Rings , Harry Potter , Hunger Games , The Help ). 3. Evaluate a T.V. series that is based on a novel (or novel series). Analyze how well the format of T.V. is adapted to telling this particular story (examples: Game of doctoral administration, Thrones , BBC Sherlock Holmes, Elementary, Once Upon a Time, The Vampire Diaries ). 4. Look at a T.V. series that is based on true events or real people. Analyze how realistic this depiction is of the aqa a level essays actual lives of the people in the series. Does this series exploit these people? Does being a part of a T.V. show help or hurt them? (examples: Eight is Enough, Breaking Amish, Friday Night Lights ). 5. Doctoral. Examine a movie that is about high school . Analyze whether the characters, setting, plot and drama are realistic. Do such movies help people who are struggling in high school?

Do they exploit stereotypes or help to undermine them? (examples: Napoleon Dynamite, 21 Jump street, Mean Girls, Easy A, Project X ) 6. Pick a cake Show. Analyze why these shows are interesting to level biology essays, viewers and essay how these shows have spawned a new interest in cooking, decorating cakes and other forms of food preparation inside the aqa a level biology essays home. Argumentative Essay Gay Marriage. Are these shows really long advertisements for products and services? (examples: Cake Boss, Cupcake Wars, and aqa a level biology Amazing Wedding Cakes ). 7. Look at a vintage high school movie. Analyze whether the struggles depicted in this movie mirror the one's teens experience today. How are schools, teens, parents, teachers and problems the same or different? (examples: The Breakfast Club, Dead Poet's Society, To Sir With Love, Rebel Without a Cause, Fast Times at Ridgemont High ). 8. Education Leads Essay. Examine a remake of a classic movie. Analyze whether the remake is as good as the level biology essays original.

What has changed? Are some aspects better and others worse? Is the vision of the directors the same? (Example: Piranha 3-D, Evil Dead, Red Dawn, Clash of the argumentative essay Titans ). 9. Examine a Hitchcock horror film or another classic horror movie. Analyze how the movie creates horror and suspense while following the strict Hollywood guidelines of the time (examples: The Birds, Psycho, Vertigo, Rear Window ) 10. Examine a movie based on level essays a comic book series. Analyze how well the movie interprets the comic book character (examples: The Avengers, Batman, Superman, Captain America, Green Lantern, Ironman ). Continuity. 11. Examine a Wedding Dress Show. Analyze why these shows are popular. Have they contributed to the sharp rise in wedding costs?

Is the popularity related to the fact that so many marriages don't last? (examples: Say Yes to the Dress, My Big Redneck Wedding, My Fair Wedding ). Aqa A Biology. 12. Examine two (or more) movies based on introductory the same comic book character. Aqa A Level. Analyze the change in the character over education the series, or examine the way two different actors and directors interpreted the character, motivations and level essays plot (examples: Spiderman, X-Man, Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles, Justice League, Superman ). 13. Look at a romantic comedy. Analyze how this genre draws the audience into introductory lines the story. What makes a romantic comedy effective? (examples : When Harry Met Sally, Pretty Woman, Clueless, Picture Perfect, Like Crazy ). 14. Choose your favorite horror movie to examine.

What makes this such a good horror film? Analyze what elements this movie has that creates the experience of horror in the audience (examples: The Exorcist, Sleepy Hollow, The Silence of the Lambs, The Shining, Halloween ). 15. What makes a good summer movie? Examine one of aqa a level, your favorite summer movies, a classic, or a hit from last summer. Analyze what makes a movie good for introductory for essays, a summer release? What are the audience expectations. Aqa A. How well does this movie match what the audience has come to expect? (examples: Do the Right Thing, Caddyshack, Jaws, (500) Days of Summer ). 16.

Pick a dumb comedy. While these sorts of movies don't generally hold up as classic literature, they can make us laugh and be fun to watch with a group of friends. However, there is a fine line between funny dumb and stupid dumb. Analyze how well your movie presents comedy that is funny for the audience. What makes a movie like this work? (examples: Ted, Bad Santa, The Cable Guy, Borat: Cultural Learnings of America, The Hangover ). Continuity Risk. 17. Choose a movie that one The Best Picture award. Analyze what makes a movie the aqa a level biology essays best of that year and one of the best of all time. Does your movie have features that most best pictures do?

What makes it unique? If it was produced this year, would it win again? (examples: Wings (1927/29-the first Best picture award), Gone With The Wind (1939), Ben Hur (1959), The Sound of Music (1965), Kramer vs. Gay Marriage. Kramer (1979), The King's Speech (2001). 18. Choose a reality T.V. Biology Essays. series : Analyze why people like these shows. Leads. Why are they so popular and aqa a level biology essays what makes a reality T.V. show good or bad?

Do these shows exploit the people who appear on them? Where should we draw the line? (examples: Toddlers and Tiaras, Biggest Loser, Survivor ). 19. Choose a popular older T.V. sitcom. Research the current events happening at the time the show was produced. Analyze why the show was popular at business plan, that time. Did that shows humor last?

Can audiences who watch it now still appreciate the humor? (examples: I Love Lucy, Cheers, M.A.S.H ). 20. Aqa A Level Biology. Examine a popular game show. Explain the history of the show. Analyze how the show works to make the game interesting not only for the contestants but also for the viewing audience. Was the essay rights key ingredient the set-up of the game show, the level contestants, the host, the audience, viewer participation or some other factor? (examples: Let's Make Deal, Minute to Win it, Jeopardy ). How to Write a Visual Analysis Paper. by Virginia Kearney 16. Summary Analysis Response to Men and Women in Conversation. by Virginia Kearney 7. How to Paraphrase, Quote, and Summarize Properly in Academic Papers. by Virginia Kearney 6. Research Topics in English Literature. by LisaKoski 33. 100 Easy Causal Analysis Essay Topics. by architecture Virginia Kearney 10. 100 Argument or Position Essay Topics with Sample Essays. by level essays Virginia Kearney 37. How to Write a Proposal Essay/Paper. by architecture Laura Writes 40. Virginia Kearney 3 years ago from United States.

Thanks teaches--I get a lot of my ideas from my discussions with my college students in class and my high school kids at home! Dianna Mendez 3 years ago. This is essays, a great list for students when selecting an essay topic and critical analysis. Your suggestions are all ones that people find interesting and are popular finds. I will be using this as a reference in classes. Business Continuity Risk. Thanks! Virginia Kearney 3 years ago from United States. Aqa A. Thanks so much Ms Dora--I so appreciate that from someone who is introductory lines, such a gifted communicator and teacher!

Dora Isaac Weithers 3 years ago from level, The Caribbean. Very interesting and informative for those still in the classroom. Good topic ideas from a good teacher. Copyright 2017 HubPages Inc. and respective owners. Other product and company names shown may be trademarks of business plan risk, their respective owners.

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A-level Biology Essay Titles Paper 3 - AQA

contest cover letter Keep scrolling for more contest ideas. HOW WELL DO YOU KNOW YOUR WHITE INGREDIENTS?? 12 numbered baggies filled with white ingredients from the kitchen. program and game sheet. Vi Witt, Jeanne Weaver and biology, June Wolter, members of #CA2311, Lucerne, try guessing. what each white ingredients is.

YIPPEE. Another Octopus Contest. This time. MI1736 Dexter is getting into the act. THE RESULTS ARE IN. THE RESULTS ARE IN. THE RESULTS ARE IN. Introductory? THE RESULTS ARE IN. Daniel Kionka, Leader CA0981, San Jose.

I don't know where I got this. CONTEST submitted by: Carlene Wellington. Click on aqa a level, all four links for Game Board, Instructions, Team Tally Sheet and Individual Tally Sheet. If you have any questions, call Carlene at: 253-845-8693 or email: CONTEST GAME BOARD.

ONE IS FOOTBALL and the other is called FINAL HUNT FOR LOSSES. CLICK ON IMAGE OF EACH CONTEST FOR RULES. Click on image for rules. Click on image for argumentative rights, rules. WA1503, Port Orchard Octopus Contest.

The multicolored one is level essays Aleta Belvin's, pink one is rights Dana Suttel's, the white one is aqa a level essays Karen Fortner's. and the continuity plan risk assessment red one is Barb's. They all donated two gifts to a basket that will go to the winner or winners in the case of aqa a biology essays a tie. TAPE MEASURE CONTEST. Submitted by PA 0858, Terre Hill's COLEADER.

Click on Link below. This is our new contest (CA2311, Lucerne) which started in english thesis statement April. It's fairly simple. Lose weight. move your marker one space. per quarter pound. Gain, move back. Biology? Caterpillar is worth ten pound loss. GET ACQUAINTED BINGO. Each contestants pays a fee to join contest. Depending on what area you live in, your chapter members can decide which type of business plan race to play. Some choices include: race cars, dog sleds, boats, horses, whatever.

Get a bulletin board or cork board and aqa a biology, put a racetrack poster on english thesis statement, it with sections marked off. Have each member cut out level essays, a cardboard game pieces (dogs sleds, cars, etc. ) with their name written on them. Use tacks or pushpins to attach them to the starting line on the board. Losses move game pieces forward, gains move pieces backwards. English Statement? Each section may represent 1/4 pounds, or whole pounds. whatever the chapter decides.

The first to aqa a level essays cross the finish line wins. If your chapter is large, you may have second and third place place winners. If the game is played correctly, the member who loses the most weight will win. Penalties for being absent may be having to thesis outline move back two sections. Pretty much the same as the Off to the Races Contest. Aqa A Biology? Each contestant receives a dart as a game piece. Everyone starts on the outer ring of the education essay target.

Loses result in moving towards the bullseye. Gains result in moving away from the center. If member has a gain the first week, they must lose that weight before putting their dart on the starting ring. Aqa A Essays? The rules are that the first person who hits the bullseye MUST stay there for two more weeks before claiming their prize. Prize is thesis determined by the chapter members.

KOPS rules may be included to help Kops stay in leeway, or below goal. Each member makes their own small clothespin bag (or purchases one) and level, brings it to argumentative essay rights the chapter the week of the essays contest. Each member receives 12 clothespins, provided by the chapter, to put into their bag. Weekly losses. take one pin out. Gains. place a clothespin into your bag. Undergraduate? After so many weeks, the member with the least clothespins wins, or you may continue until a member empties their bag completely. Prize determined by the chapter BEFORE the start of the contest. The Halloween Contest based on points was enjoyed by PIEDMONT TOPS, Alabama (1968 TOPS NEWS) The chapter divided into teams and received points for attendance, exercising and losing weight. Aqa A Level Essays? The losing team would have to english thesis outline dress in funny costumes and aqa a biology essays, be greeted at the next meeting with a trick or treat from the members of the winning team. The tricks or treats could be raisins, pickles, carrots, or cantaloupe on rights, toothpicks, or small diet cookies, or sugar free penny candies that were prepared at biology, home and education leads to success, brought into the chapter on aqa a level essays, platters. (the magazine reports that this competition netted a 48 pound loss from the english thesis 12 members who participated.) or backwards: TSETNOC TNIOP MAET.

Members are assigned to teams. For five weeks, each member earns points for attending the entire meeting, submitting a completed food chart, sending a card or calling someone that week, and losing weight. To add to the suspense, however, on the last week, members must weigh in backwards and aren't told if they lost or gained. This way, no one knows ahead of time who the winning team will be until the weight report is read at the meeting. Volunteer who doesn't want to do the contest, is level given money from the treasury, to buy a great prize to wrap beautifully will bring it to the chapter to display in full view for all the outline members to see. Any member wishing to join contests will write their name on a piece of small paper and attach it to the wrapped gift. Chapter members decide how many weeks they want the aqa a level contest to run.

If member gains, their name comes off the gift. Business Continuity Risk? Last name on the gift wins. Kops rules need to be included. Or chapter can have a separate gift for aqa a level biology essays, the KOPS to compete for. TO SEE END RESULTS OF THIS CONTEST click here: END OF CONTEST RESULTS. BUILDING A TOPS HOUSE - TEAM CONTEST. This contest was played by Lucky Belles TOPS, North Hollywood, CA. A house was constructed out of paper and cut into many pieces. This is determined by the chapter before the contest starts. Each piece of the house is worth a certain number of points which are earned by the team members for attendance and weight loss.

The first team to english thesis statement complete the aqa a biology essays construction of the house wins. Doctoral In Business? The losing team must entertain the winning team by preforming a skit, or singing songs, or other type of biology entertainment. These little contest ideas were taken from the risk assessment September TOPS NEWS 1968. b. Aqa A Biology Essays? Strickly voluntary to plan risk join. c. At the last weigh-in of the month members have to biology decide if they want to be in the contest the next month. d. It cost $5 to join. e. Each weigh in in business of the month TOPS must have a loss. If they have a gain or turtle or miss the aqa a biology essays meeting they owe $5. KOPS must be at or below goal, if they are above goal, even if they lost, or they miss a meeting, they owe $5. It could cost you as much as $25 if you don't lose and there are 5 weigh-in that month. Thesis Statement Outline? Thus the reason we call it Big Bucks.

f. At the last weigh in for the month, the aqa a level essays money is awarded to the TOPS/KOPS that had the most # of losses or weigh ins at or below goal. If there is more than one, the money is split among all winners. b) KOPS and TOPS are kept separate and just compete against risk assessment, their own. c) Each members quarters are put into a little container with their name on it. The TOPS names are done in a different color then the KOPS to make it easy to keep them separated. d) Each week that a TOPS has a loss they get to level essays take 1 quarter out of their jar.

If the TOPS has a gain or a turtle or misses the meeting they have to add a quarter to their jar. e) Each week that KOPS are at or beow goal they get to take a quarter out of essay their jar. If a KOPS is above goal or misses a meeting they have to add a quarter to their jar. f) The first TOPS to empty their jar wins all the quarters in the remaining TOPS jars. The first KOPS to empty their jar wins all the remaining quarters in the KOPS jars. For multiple winners the money is split equally. g) This can go as short as 8 weeks or as long as it takes for someone to empty their jar. Leader, CA 0515, Santa Clarita. This song was entertainment by a contest losing team to level the winning team. We supplied decorated small bags with one favorite thing in each, as a congratulatory gift for gay marriage rights, winners to aqa a biology essays take home.

Pants that have latex 'n. slippers so fuzzy, Tops with bright colors; no bulge on my tummy. Giggles at meetings. fun contests to bring. These are a few of. my favorite things. Sweet and tart apples.

Grapes that we suckle. Salads that crunch, and veggies to juggle. Beans and thesis outline, brown rice. all will lead me to aqa a sing, These are a few of. my favorite things. Weight down today, I feel light as a feather. I skip and then pause to pick. frag-rant blue heather.

More pounds lost next week. will lead me to Queen, These are a few of. my favorite things. When the scale tips. When my mood dips. When I ate petite fours. I simply remember my favorite things. And then I’m jazzed up. Thesis? once. more!! Decorated by Leader. TOPS CA 0379 Thousand Oaks.

LOSE OR CONSEQUENCES CONTEST. All members worked a shift. I was there all day taking in money. It was lots of work, but also lots of fun. Very organized drop off procedure by the center. We had the advantage of LOTS of level shoppers. We took in thesis in business administration over $200 for our chapter and had fun walking around looking at everyone else's stuff too.

(submitted by member Judy Sander) (submitted by chapter's Treasurer, Judy Sander) Paper Doll Contest by aqa a level biology essays, Karen Jacobs-Elton for TOPS WA276 Silverdale. * Personal paper doll for each member. * Eight (8) pieces of clothing (paper pieces) such as: Hair, Shirt, Pants or Dress, Shoes (2), Socks (2), and undergraduate architecture thesis, a Hat. (1 piece per level biology essays, week). Each member gets their own Paper Doll to in business administration attach items of clothing to. A weekly weight loss is all that is needed to play. One item of clothing per week for 8 weeks will be put on aqa a level, your personal paper doll with a loss of weight each week. Turtles do not count. Members will also be voting on the cutest decorated doll at the end of the contest, winner gets a special prize! To cover your Paper Doll with clothing and win the contest.

Member who has the most clothes on his/her paper doll wins the contest and all proceeds from the contest. If there is a tie, prize monies will be divided accordingly. LOVE YOUR HEART CONTEST. submitted by essay, Glorya Neitzel. HEART AWARENESS Contest.

submitted by Glorya Neitzel. (not an actual contest for you to enter) Submitted by: Rhonda Madison WA1147, Graham. It is called: Stay FREE with me For SRD! Rhonda says, This contest was for my chapter only. It has really motivated quite a few members.

One is going to try and achieve her KOPS status losing those final difficult pounds, and another wants to regain her KOPS status. A few others who’d like to biology go to SRD are motivated to work a little harder on Taking Off Pounds Sensibly. I presented this contest to undergraduate my chapter, as I have a Time Share near the Ocean Shores SRD, but can only invite a few members to stay free with me. So instead of level essays picking and outline, choosing and someone feeling slighted, I made it a contest. A few people who need to get back their KOPS status and aqa a level, one who has struggled for years to to success essay get there, but been 10-12 pounds away tell me they are super motivated by level biology essays, this. I can’t wait to see who gets to GO FREE WITH ME TO SRD by ending the year with big weight losses. BE THANKFUL, NOT A TANKFUL . Poster with dollars, and dollars with names.

RULES: Everyone in the chapter joins by having their name put on a dollar. If a member comes back after Thanksgiving with a loss or maintain, they get a $1.00 from the chapter If a member comes back after Thanksgiving with a gain, their $1.00 is put in a pot. The member who comes back with the greatest loss-gets the pot of money. (Can't remember where I got this one, but I think it is cool. Undergraduate Architecture? -Deb) WA 1503, Port Orchard. Any member gaining during the contest is automatically out of the contest. Aqa A? One absence is leads to success okay. Turtles are okay, member just can’t count it as a loss.

Whichever team winds up with the most charms on their bracelet wins. Prize is chosen by aqa a level biology essays, the chapter before the contest begins. From WA 765, Spokane. Click on links below for more ideas. Have the chapter buy a couple boxes of paper clips. Argumentative Essay? Each person who enters the contest may earn a paper clip for each quarter pound they lose. If they gain, they have to give back the paper clips. A chain is made by each member and prizes may be given out for the first person to have a long enough chain to level biology essays go around their waist, or for the first person who has a chain as long as their height in inches, etc. (make up certain lengths as short goals as the doctoral contest progresses) Finally, after a six week period, whoever has the longest chain of aqa a level biology paper clips wins the grand prize.

Kops rules may be added in a different category such as, at or below goal, two paper clips, in leeway over goal, one paper clip. KOPS: Kops must stay for undergraduate architecture thesis, the meeting, be in leeway or at or below goal or their octopus will get one leg cut off. At end of 8 weeks every member gets a chance in level a drawing for every leg they have left or the chapter may run the contest til all but one member's octopus has more legs left than anyone else. Prize can be whatever you wish. Essay Gay Marriage? A basket with multiple items or a single item, money, whatever. Dana explains: We are currently running a contest called Don't Pop Your Bubble. For Wii fans, you will recognize this idea.

We all paid $1.00 to get into the contest for the first month. At the end of the month, to stay in your bubble you have to aqa a level essays have a net loss or turtle. If you remain in your bubble you pay another $1.00 and continue for another month. If you have a gain you have to pop your bubble and sink into undergraduate architecture thesis, the river. The cash prize is level biology essays awarded to the last member in their bubble. Both our TOPS and KOPS are participating in this contest since maintaining will keep you in your bubble. We hope this will run for many months and there will be a fun cash pot at the end. Linda Zahnow, who is a KOPS, designed the board. (There is a picture of our members in each bubble) No one wants to pop their bubble and sink so it has been a fun incentive to lose weight or stay in leeway.

Taken from January 1963 Tops News. Calorie Countdown as played by the Dearborn, Michigan, Cal-Cutters TOPS emphasizes the fact that to lose weight one must know calories and count them everyday. Last player standing wins for lines for essays, their team. Generally speaking, it's the member that is losing weight who will remain standing the longest. says the leader. Each member who wishes to participate pays $1.00 to join Card Contest. One person in chapter my be designated as the dealer . In order for members to level biology draw one card, they must have a loss of one pound. (quarter pounds each week that total a pound qualifies) If member loses one pound, they draw once. If a member loses two pounds or more, they have the option to education to success keep their first card, or discard it and draw another.

GAINERS must pay into the kitty a fine of 50 cents. Members keep their cards throughout the contest. (if they lose their cards, they are disqualified) (KOPS rules may be included) After seven weeks member with the best hand containing 5 cards wins. Aqa A Level Biology Essays? If member gets to draw each week for 7 weeks, they must discard 2 cards. Member with best hand wins the kitty. From the Archives. This is a 6 week contest. WA 1503, Port Orchard.

Lost weight or turtled. Business Continuity Plan? (Kops loss or at/below goal) Filled out food chart and brought to aqa a level biology essays chapter. Exercise 20 minutes five different times during the week. Write, email, or call a fellow Tops member. Once you have completely filled in all sections your prize will be awarded. From the Contest Archives. I believe we got this one from leads to success Nancy Marasco years ago. If you have formed the habit of checking on every new diet that comes along, you will find that, mercifully, they all blur together, leaving you with only one definite piece of biology information:

WA 1503, Port Orchard. *If you have a loss the first week, you get to pick out your favorite pet and take it home with you for continuity risk, incentive to work for a loss the aqa a level essays next week. *If you gain you don't get a pet this week and need to work for a loss next week to receive one. *Each following week if you lose you may keep your pet or exchange it for a new one. For Essays? If you gain your pet goes back to biology essays pound and becomes available for adoption. *This contest is great for 4-6 weeks. (or however long your chapter wants to continuity plan do it.) *At the end of the contest you can award prizes to aqa a essays the owner with the greatest loss, most weeks lost, etc. Also anyone that ends the contest with a loss can keep their adopted pets. *Any pets still in english outline the pound are donated to a local charity. Our chapter actually collected many additional animals and biology essays, enjoyed the resulting donation. THE LAST ROSE OF SUMMER. (taken from introductory October 1961 issue of Tops News)

WA 1503, Port Orchard. This contest costs $1.00 to join. Each participant draws their hands onto a blank piece of biology essays paper making sure to include fingernails. Submitted by Aleta Belvin. WA 1503, Port Orchard. KOPS will put a garbage bag in one square for being at english thesis statement, or below goal or for having a loss to essays get back below goal.

1 prize will be given for TOPS. 1 prize will be given to KOPS. idea taken from doctoral thesis in business 1961 issue of aqa a Tops News. * Make each member a “rider” as seen in above picture. * Have each member write their name on their rider. * Choose teams of undergraduate two by putting everyone's name in a hat. Draw out two names. Those two members become a “team“ and get to choose a name for their horse. * Make enough horses so each team has one.

Place riders on horse. * Place horses at the “starting line” on a poster board marked by “lengths”. * Horses advance by earning lengths. Earn 1/4 of level biology essays a length by thesis, having both team members: 1) Keep and bring in their food charts. 2) Attend and stay for biology essays, the meeting. 3) Write at least one note to someone other than their teammate. 4) Exercise at least 20 minutes three times that week. Earn a 1/4 length per quarter pound lost. Business Continuity Risk Assessment? For instance, if member loses 1/4 pound, they earn a quarter length. If they lose 1/2 pound, they get a 1/2 length. etc.

If BOTH team members gain that week, they must go back to the starting line and start over. The team that crosses the finish line first wins grand prize (EITHER THEY SPLIT THE MONEY, OR EACH OF THEM WILL WIN A SPECIFIC PRIZE DECIDED BY CHAPTER BEFORE CONTEST STARTS) Submitted by:Janis Rogers-Secretary. TOPS WA 324, Colville. Being present for the entire meeting = 1 degree. 1 degree for a loss of 1/4 to 1 pound. 2 degrees for a loss of 1 1/4 to 2 pounds. 3 degrees for aqa a biology, a loss of continuity plan risk 2 1/4 to 3 pound and so on. Weight must be recorded with the weight recorder.

1 degree for attendance of the entire meeting each week. 1 degree for being within leeway each week. 1 degree for a loss of 1/4 to level biology essays 1 pound. 2 degrees for a loss of 1 1/4 to thesis 2 pounds. 3 degrees for a loss of aqa a level biology 2 1/4 to 3 pounds.

If you are above or below leeway you may not count losses. You must get back within leeway to count losses. You may count being present for the entire meeting if you are or are not in leeway. This article was found in the September 1961 issue of the Tops News. At the end of thesis in business administration a weight losing contest, this chapter held a party honoring the team showing the most weight lost. Pictured left to right: Mrs. Mildred Gerardy, leader, Mrs. Lois Stevenson, Mrs. Willa Babcock, KOPS, Mrs. Ruth Clagg, and Mrs.

Margaret Hilton. Losers all wore bibs, with smiling pig faces with the caption I'm a pig. Tables were centered with a “pig pen” complete with various sizes of ceramic pigs. A colorful fruit plate, with favors of cookies in biology pig shape, together with place cards of small pigs made the english thesis outline low calorie luncheon most attractive. Games and biology essays, appropriate songs added to the enjoyment of all present. Another article from the doctoral thesis in business administration September 1961 issue of the Tops News. If there is aqa a level biology any question in introductory your mind as whether you are or are not overweight, here is a quick, fairly satisfactory evaluation of your status. It is called the level height-girth ratio and is quoted from the question and answer column of TOPS' good friend, Dr. William Bolton in the August issue of outline Today's Health.

“Subtract the measurement in inches about your waist from your height in level inches. If the resulting figure is 35 or less you are on your way to obesity. The optimum (the most favorable) is considered to be about 38.” Taken from the February 1962 issue of the Tops News (verbatim) And on english thesis statement outline, your diet are you cheating? Grab a carrot-celery too. That will add five points to you. +5 points if you had a carrot/celery stick today.

-5 points if you didn't. Minus 10 points, how about that? -10 points if you didn’t exercise. +10 points if you did. I’ll get in new shape-I know I will. +1 point for level biology, each 1/4 lb lost at the last weigh-in. Clouds float over the sea. Smart members stick to their diets. To see how slim they will be. +5 points for sticking to it today.

-5 points for slipping off it today. I just ate a doughnut hole. But from the business plan risk doughnut I refrained. And not a single pound I gained. +10 points for not gaining at the last weigh-in. Tops pals will get you on the track, Discuss your problems without fear, For problems we all have, my dear.

+5 points for level, sharing with a Tops pal today. Down the scale will go, you’ll see. For counting calories is a must, If in architecture your scale you will again trust. +5 points for aqa a biology essays, counting calories/exchanges today.

-5 points if you didn’t. Easter Egg Basket Contest. Each member who wants to play will put a quarter in each of 5 plastic eggs. These eggs will be stored in a large zip lock baggie along with the member’s name. If member is absent or gains any of the 5 weeks they must give up one of doctoral thesis in business administration their eggs and level essays, put it into business plan, the main Easter basket. Whoever has any eggs left by the end of the aqa a level biology contest, each of these members will get an equal portion of the eggs that are in the basket. It has been decided that this contest will run for 5 weeks before Easter. Any changes in these rules after the contest starts should be discussed and essay, voted upon by the membership before doing anything otherwise stated in the above rules. submitted by Charlie Mason.

WA 1080, E. Wenatchee. This contest runs for seven weeks. Aqa A Level? The game consists of a board, containing all the member's names, (for photo click here: Chapter Highlights and scroll down) and one deck of cards or for to success essay, a larger chapter, two decks. (Used decks from the casinos work just fine.) The cards are scattered, face down on biology essays, a table. Each week, when a TOPS loses weight or stays the same and a KOPS is at or below goal, they get to draw one card from the pile. That card is glued below their name. At the doctoral thesis administration end of seven weeks, the best poker hand displayed by aqa a level biology essays, a TOPS and a KOPS, wins the contest. Introductory Lines For Essays? In case of identical hands, which is rare, two prizes are awarded. You do not have to have drawn seven cards to win.

Note that Evelyn S. in the upper right corner only biology, has three cards, two jokers and doctoral thesis administration, a seven of aqa a biology spades. No other TOPS had a better hand, so she won the undergraduate architecture TOPS prize. In the case ofthe KOPS there were three members that were at or below, drawing six or seven cards, throughout the contest. Even then, Loretta L. and Bonnie W. both ended up with only essays, a pair of aces, but Bonnie had a king kicker and Loretta had a queen, so Bonnie won. Charlie says, We play this contest a couple or more times a year as it holds the introductory for essays members interest, not knowing who wins, until the last one or two cards are drawn.

As this contest turned out, there was only one three of a kind who won the TOPS prize and aqa a biology essays, just one pair won the KOPS prize. We just scrape the cards off to leads start a new game, adding new names as needed.