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best essay au For all home owners, there are things that must be done after some times like home remodeling. There are numerous benefits you get to enjoy when you embark or renovating your house. However, it is good to note that the kind of renovation you want will vary a lot. Whether you are thinking or increasing the space or sprucing the fireplace or a complete home make over Strategy you must plan properly. Essay Our School. When you decide that home remodeling is the ay to go, you will convert your home into Strategy, a nice place to be in and make it more comfortable. However, you must note that the process is not simple and unless you are an expert you cannot handle the pressure involved. Therefore, you ought to proceed cautiously when choosing the contractor you want to work with. However, the points listed below will help you get started. Budgeting- to begin with, you must first come up with a financial plan that will cater for the whole project. This implies that you must decide what you want for the renovation then talk to an expert and get rough estimates.

However, you need to speak with several operators so that you can get different quotes for university essay, you to compare. Outreach. Once you have a rough estimate of the university layout, cost, then you can look at the mode of financing you wish to use, whether from Outreach Strategy, your savings or a loan. Hire a qualified contractor- after setting the friend, budget, the next thing you must consider carefully is locating a good contractor who can start the work. Platforms you can utilize include the Outreach, directory or the essay, internet. These days, most service providers are marketing using the web so that they can reach more customers. Therefore, you can search the different websites available and then choose the Outreach, most suitable and affordable.

The advantage of the World Wide Web is israeli-palestinian essay, that you can check what other customers commented about Outreach Strategy, their services and confirm there credentials as well. Format. Another option is Strategy, talking to open essay friends who have done home remodeling recently. In fact, you can check out the work done and if you like it hire them. When looking for a contractor to Outreach hire, go for one who has experience and skills as well. Confirm their details, work experience, and the type of renovation work they do. Another vital thing you need to take into account is asking for references.

Experts don’t hesitate to refer you to past clients since they know a good job done will get them work. Contractors that don’t share this information are a sign of inexperience or they do shoddy work. The reason for checking all this details is you want someone you can completely trust and guarantees quality. Know your needs- the next issue you must clear is i what, what you want to accomplish after the remodeling is completed. There are magazines and websites that show ideal homes and how achieve them. In addition, the contractor you hire can help you decide what is good for your house. The professional will look at the design of your house and recommend ideas that can transform your house. Therefore, you must ensure that you have good rapport with yrou contractor. How to get started on home remodeling. Nowadays, property owners are focusing on renovating their homes regularly.

This is normally done to make the home more comfortable and Strategy lively as well. Therefore, when you think about home remodeling you must plan carefully and some issues you need to keep into consideration before you begin. The first issue you must reflect on is how you want your home to look like. Between Essay Format. This implies that you must consider themes that you are comfortable with and Outreach Strategy will not affect the natural outlook of the home. Hence, the design must be considered carefully. When mulling over this, you need to consult an expert whether an architect, an university interior designer or any other individual that understands what remodeling the home is all about. In addition, you must also take into account the cost implications since you must get a design that is affordable. Therefore, you need to conduct thorough research and hire the best contractor that will factor in your needs.

Furthermore, the professional you hire will help you come up with a good budget as well. Strategy. Once you have settled on friend need the design and cost, the contractor you hire must start to Strategy actualize you plans by preparing everything required. This will include helping you get the essay friend, necessary materials at affordable rates and make sure that everything flows accordingly. When selecting the kind of materials they must be of good quality. Outreach Strategy. The contractor should help you in difference between format format prioritizing what to buy first and later so that work can progress at the right pace and avoid delays. When you hire a professional, you are guaranteed that everything will go on schedule and Outreach the work will end on difference essay format time. When you embark on any home remodeling, you must ensure that before the work begins there is enough consultations between every party involved. This means that you need to arrange a meeting with the contractor, architect, supervisors and Outreach Strategy any other person that will be involved.

Also, you should take note of any changes you want done that are not in the initial plan. You must ensure that you set practical rules that ought to be followed by every person that will be working on your home remodeling project. Come up with a good structure of between essay format format, communication where everyone knows who is in-charge and Outreach the guidelines that will be used during the entire time. Normally, the supervisor is the contact person and our school you can lay your ideas and instructions to be handled by the rest. You must focus on the work being done to avoid repeat jobs once completed. Lastly, after setting up everything and you are ready to begin your home remodeling project it is good that you look for another alternative living place to allow the work to be completed before you occupy again. This will create a good environment for Outreach Strategy, the workers to open university essay finish the work as planned without any delays. Outreach Strategy. Home remodeling should be considered by every homeowner once in a while.

The renovations are meant to layout upgrade your home and make it look better and also if you want to increase the space. Therefore, if you intend to Outreach add more furniture and other upholstery or even replacing the entire floor you must do proper planning. However, when you begin there are things you need to reflect on and some are discussed below. Establish what you want and needs- you must create a list of everything you want to see changed, or replaced when the project begins. Once you have established this, set out the priority that ought to be dealt with once the renovations start. This will help you in making a financial plan for the work. The list comes in handy since you are able to work on essay questions the important sections and Outreach put proper budget on them.

It helps prevent overspending and exceeding the beautify our school, limits set. This implies that you must prioritize the work. Outreach. Create a budget- the next step to follow is essay friend friend, budgeting. Here, you are setting aside money for the project so you must first get estimates from a qualified contractor. When requesting for Strategy, quotes ask several operators to prepare detailed estimates so that you can compare the prices. The financing options you have include savings or take a home improvement loan from your lender. Also, when setting the budget ensure you set aside cash for emergencies that may occur. In fact, from the initial financial plan try to who am am i essay save at least twenty-percent of the Outreach Strategy, cash.

Look for possible ideas of the remodeling you want. The next issue you must reflect on is have an idea of the type of remodeling you need. This will help you when you are discussing the plan with a contractor. Conflict Essay. Once you tell them what you want they are better placed to actualize them for you. You can make use of platform such as the internet and Outreach home improvement magazines to get a rough idea. Whatever kind of remodeling you want to questions accomplish, you must first research it get pictures if possible then you can present them to your contractor to help them replicate it. Think strategically before remodeling your home. You must look at Outreach Strategy, your neighborhood and the type of houses that have been built there.

Also, consider the price ranges of the house in case you intend to suggested thesis sell in the future. This information will help you when you intend to sell the house and Outreach move to another one. Furthermore, it will help you not to make expensive remodeling only to scare off potential buyers when time for selling comes. However, if this is your permanent residence and university you have no intentions of moving out Outreach you can create and ideal home you want. However, the important thing to remember during home remodeling is making the comfortable to live in and practical as well.

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Goat Farming Business Plan For Beginners. A suitable and effective business plan is a must for starting any business. As goat farming is a proven highly profitable business idea so, it is Outreach, very necessary to israeli-palestinian questions, make a proper goat farming business plan before starting this business. Make a clear and up to Strategy, date plan before investing your money in this market. Although goat farming project requires less capital and investment than raising any other livestock. Essay Questions! You can start goat farming business with a very small investment. But in the result you will get more profits than any other livestock farming projects. High profit within a very short time, little investment, huge global demand are the main reasons of Outreach Strategy spreading this business rapidly throughout the world.

If you want to start this business and if you have the ability of making a plan perfectly then you will defiantly be able to achieve the highest profit from goat farming business. If you are a beginner in this market then first of essay indeed all meet with some successful goat producers and visit some farms. By visiting some farms and Strategy producers you will get some clear idea about the pros and corns of this business. This will help you running your business perfectly. I What Am I! However, for making a suitable goat farming business plan read the following criteria very carefully.

First of all make a clear decision of Outreach what do you really want to produce and sell from your goat farming business. Israeli-palestinian Questions! Goats are multi-purpose animals. You can produce the products like milk, meat, fiber, manure and skin form goats. Go to your nearest market and try to understand which goat products have a high demand in the market. Outreach Strategy! Try to i what essay, produce those products which you can sell easily in your local area and in the market. Otherwise you will lose money instead of being benefited. For an example, you have established a dairy goat farming business. And your goats are producing milk highly. But there are a little or no goat milk consumer in Strategy, your local market.

Then what will you do with your production? So, always keep in mind this factor and try to produce those products which you can sell easily in your local market. If you have a good facility of marketing your products internationally then you can produce any product from your farm. I What Am I! However, make a good decision of what you are going to produce form your goat farming business. Meat: Nowadays goat meat has a great demand internationally. And this rate is Outreach, increasing rapidly day by day. Suggested! A report shows that about 70% of total consumed meat globally comes form the goat. If you have sufficient facility of Strategy selling goat meat in essay friend indeed, your local market then you can start raising some highly meat productive goat breeds. Strategy! Boer, Beetal, Matou, Black Bengal etc. are highly meat productive goat breeds. Milk: Goat milk is enriched with many necessary nutrition elements and it is easily digestible.

As a result it has huge demand in local and international market. Goat milk is also very suitable for making all types of dairy products. Friend! If you can sell goat milk in Outreach Strategy, your nearest market easily then you have to choose some highly milk productive goat breeds. Some highly milk producing goat breeds are Saanen, Jamunapari, Toggenburg, Anglo Nubian, Alpine etc. Fiber: If you want to produce fiber form your farm then Cashmere and Angora goat are very suitable. Both are highly fiber productive. Skin: All goat breeds produce skin. But few of them produce high quality skin.

For business purpose Black Bengal goat produces high quality skin. And their skin has a high demand and value in the international market. Israeli-palestinian! Before start raising goats for skin be sure that there is a market available for selling your product. Manure: Some crop farmer uses goat manner in Outreach, their field. It is a very high quality organic fertilizer. You can earn some extra money by selling the between essay, manure of goat. Commercial goat farming needs suitable house for profitable production. Serious goat producers make separate house for their goats.

You should make such a house which can provide all types of facilities for Outreach your goats. Good house keeps the essay friend indeed, goat healthy and free from Outreach diseases. This directly increases the suggested thesis, production. So, before starting consider how comfortable house can you make for your goats. Investment in housing is fixed. And you can use one house for several years.

Goats are ruminants. They eat almost all types of crop, corn and leaves. It would be better if you have a grazing place where your goats can roam freely. In this system your goat will get food from natural sources and it also reduce your food cost. In case of raising goats by providing them home made supplementary feed be sure that all feed elements are easily available in your local market. Also ensure sufficient supply of clean and fresh water. Always try to raise your goats hygienically.

Sometimes your goats may suffer by various diseases. Make sure that a veterinarian doctor is available near your farm. If possible stock some necessary vaccines and medicines in your farm. And always vaccinate your goats timely. There are many factors related to Outreach, this business. Before starting goat farming business, ask some questions to suggested, yourself. Do you love goats? Loving the animals that you are raising is very important for success-fullness in any business.

Do you have any experience in this business? If not, contact with your nearest animal husbandry training centers or visit some farms. Do you have enough capital for Strategy setting up your farm? You can also apply for bank loan. Do you have enough facilities for goat farming? For example clean and fresh water source, cultivation of green feeds like plants or grasses, proper marketing, medication etc. What is the market condition of your location?

Try to understand the market demand and essay questions price of your products. Do you have enough time interest? This is very important for Outreach beginners. Can you personally take care of suggested your goats? Don’t depend on labors. Try to take care of your goats personally along with your labors.

Learn more about their health and diseases management. Outreach Strategy! If possible visit some farms practically for several days and try to learn everything related to this business. Before starting goat farming business plan consider your budget and some other factor related to this business. Who Am Essay! How much capital do you have? How many facility can you provide to your goats with this capital?

Which product do you want to Strategy, produce form your farm? What are the beautify our school, natural facilities available there for goat farming? Is there any market for selling your products in proper price? Is there any grazing place near your farm? Can you provide provide proper treatment and medicines? If all the answers become positive then you should start goat farming business immediately. Wish your happy and Strategy profitable goat farming business. hi i am in beautify our school, Tanzania Arusha n would like to start stallfed goat farming n specially for meat pls advice which breed i should start with thanks awaiting your reply rgds shabbir. I want to start goat farming how much amount initially required.

I have a vacant land 8000 square feet one shed 450sq feet start goat farming how much amount required. Arun jee. it is difficult to say that how much amount required. Outreach! it will depend on you. that how much amount you want to beautify, spend for your farm. Outreach Strategy! you may start your farm less then 10 breeds or more then 50 or 100 as far as possible you can. because more invest more profit. Sir i want to essay and report, start a new business . Is goat farming is the Outreach Strategy, best one to invest money and it is life time business. Please give me the open university essay, all details related to Outreach Strategy, goat farming. Or any other business which can i have life time and most profit. If u have decided to start a goat farm then its a best food business.Initial capital which u will invest will gives you a good profit after a year only difference format and report because its a breeding process.Batch by batch. There is no such risk in this project as compare to Outreach, our businesses in india.

Hello I’m Akash from India. I want to star goat farming business in India please give your suggestion. You should start with any local goats available in suggested thesis, your area. Only try to Outreach Strategy, get Boer Male for Breeding. Essay Friend Need Friend! As per my knowledge it’s origin is Strategy, south Africa so u will get easily somewhere in open essay, Tanzania or Kenya side. I am from Maharashtra, India here stall feeding goat farms are common and gives good returns on investment. For more information you google Nimkar Agriculture Research Institute, Phaltan they had imported male and female Boer Goats in India for first time.

It is very popular and good for meat production. i am from Ethiopia i would like to start goat farming the environment and climate is suitable for them. I have searched a lot and found Boer, Savinnah, Kalahari Red, Alpine, Gono Altai and Toggenburg are very suitable for Outreach meat production, according to the condition and climate of essay indeed Tanzania. Thanks! I’ve started goat farming in Chhattisgarh and Odisha region. Outreach! Kindly guide me about the essay, breeds that are best fit in these areas. Black Bengal, Beetal, Jamunapari, Sirohi etc. will be good for both region.

Local breeds are also a good choice. Thank you! Dear sir , I want to start the goat farming in bihar . So can you guide me where I can get the jamunapuri sihori beetal barbari goat . I want to start in chhapra ( Bihar) am augandan doing business in kampala iwish to start up agoats farm cll me on+256777036789. Iwant to Outreach Strategy, visit good farms around town. Hi Francis i too wish to start up one. Am based in Uganda so did u get any idea. Hai Francis I’m Uganda ican help u contact me 0789241965. Comment Text*am Adan halake stay in Nairobi working in goat market for more information call my no 0712333355. i want a sample budget for a commercial goat farm in East Africa. We wish to difference between essay format and report format, prepare a full goat farming project report based on Africa very soon. Right now you can see this project report to have some simple idea.

Thanks! Hi, my name is prince, I want start goat farm with 150 does in Ghana. please send me project plan for that. Hi vikram singh .. I am abhishek singh .contact me. And we are doing work together. That’s good idea.But you are allready prince you don’t need to Strategy, start business. Friend Indeed! Its my idea if you have interest in this business then go for Outreach Strategy this otherwise enjoy your’s father money. Hoping the best. Hello Prince, visit the link below and you will get some idea about goat farming project. Thanks! Wonderful thoughts. Difference Essay Format Format! learned a lot about goat farming from you.

You are awesome! thank you. Hi. Sir I want to start stall feed goat farm in Bijapur of Karnataka state please suggest me the breed suitable for my location. I want start with 20 goats with one buck please tell the shed width and length of the shed. I m waiting for your help thanking you.

Choosing proper breeds depends on your production purpose and some other aspects. Outreach Strategy! What type of goat products you want to produce? Meat or Milk? For meat producing purpose you can choose Boer, Beetal, Kashmiri, Sirohi, Sojat, Black Bengal and some other highly productive breeds. Jamunapari, Anglo Nubian, Saanen, Toggenburg etc. are suitable for commercial milk production. If you are planning for milk production, ensure availability of sufficient amount green foods.

Because feeding greens is very important for milk production. You can make a shed with 5 meter width and layout 6 to 7 meter length for Outreach Strategy your 20 goats. Open Essay! Thank you! Hi i am Ash… I am interested in marketing goats milk. I do not know how to Outreach, start…pls advice…

Also anyone from difference format and report overseas to support me ? Hi, I’m in Kenya and would like to Outreach, know where I could get the alpine breed of goats for dairy rearing? also if I could get training on the same? thank you. Oyani farm in suggested thesis, Migori district has 28 German Alpine goats. I live close to it and my phone number is 0720838784. Comment Text*Samuel I have borana goat call my no 0712333355 istay in kiamaiko nrb. Thank you for your response. Any animal husbandry training center in bangladesh? I also want to visit some goat farm in Bangladesh. So any commercial goat farm in Bangladesh? Yes there are some commercial goat farm in Bangladesh. Where are you from? Send me your address.

For animal husbandry training you can contact with your nearest DYD (Department of Youth Development) centers. Thank you! i have appreciated your goat farm. am seeking your advise because i want to start this business . you can advise me through my Email ,Thanks and God may continue to Outreach, bless u for you prosperity. I’m learning from you, thanks for need friend the materials on goat raising. Strategy! I’m a retired gov’t employee. I have some amount for goat raising project but do not have a good idea how to essay, start it. Can you give advise. I’m in northern part of the Philippines, specifically in the province of Isabela, in Outreach, a town which is plain. Hi Danilo, I am also in the Philippines (Baloy Beach, Barretto, Olongapo, Zambales), a retired american and would like to share information with you on our quest to between format, raise goats in the Philippines. I want to raise Nigerian Dwarf Goats primarily for milk production and as pets for Outreach my wife… and sell the occasional kids.

Please reply to me if you are interested in thesis, being “goat friends”. My wife (a Filipina) and I are planning a vacation in the next few months where we will travel through Northern Luzon and Strategy could arrange a stop in Isabela. Hope to who am am i essay, hear back from you. Thank you for your feedback here. You can visit the webpage linked below to learn more about starting a goat farming business. Thax alot for the business plan about goat rearing.am in uganda central region en iwant visit some big goat farms around town such that iget better information coz iwant to start up the same project pliz email me or call me on +256777036789. Comment Text*am Adan halake istay in Nairobi have been in Outreach, goat buss in 15 yrs call my no 0712333355 for more inf. I really appreciate your contribution in the field of goat farming.I am from Nigeria and after visiting your website I develop interest in meat goat farming. Please advise me with the israeli-palestinian essay questions, right breed available in my country Kaduna preciaely.looking forward to your response.

Thank you for your good words. Strategy! Nigerian dwarf, Maradi, Pygmy, Boer, Saanen, Nubians etc. are very suitable for farming according to the weather of Nigeria. All of these breeds are available in your country. Among these breeds, you can raise Nigerian dwarf, Maradi, Pygmy, Boer and Nubian goats for meat production. Thanks! Ali sir I want to open a goat pharm in Amravati district MS. …plz forward to all necessary information about the opening pharm. ..

1 where to suggested, get permission. …. 2 what required to start to Outreach, open. ……. i like your site please keep me update. Please subscribe ROYSFARM and receive notifications of new posts by email. Thank you! Pleas I want to start a goat farming business with 50 goats and need your advice on this. What is your production purpose? And what type of beautify facilities do you have? Please tell us details about your ideas and Outreach Strategy available facilities. Thanks!

sir iam gause bagwan from solapur and suggested im interestet in goat farming for selling on our bakri id .please suggest some goats for looking nice jaandar and early incrasing what should i do.which goat should i purchase please reply sir. You should choose some good looking and larger size goats. Boer, Beetal, Sirohi, Sojat, Jamunapari etc. will be suitable for your purpose. Thank you! now i am going to start a new goat firm in south asia nepal so, now i want to Outreach Strategy, know that,feeding, breeding and also geographical construction please submit that as soon as possible. Visit the following webpages. Arjun from which part of essay Nepal are you? I also want to start a goat farming business.

I want to learn first. hello sir ! can you please give me your email address ?mine is Strategy, [emailprotected] can add me on facebook too. hello, I would like to know the marketing strategies of meat goats. Between Format Format! I am planning to setup a farm. can you tell me how to Outreach, market my goats easily? looking forward for your reply. The best way for marketing your goats is focusing on your local markets. So try your local market first, then try your nearest livestock market or markets within your area. You can also contact with the i what am i, local restaurant owners. Classifieds are playing a vital role in marketing any products, so you can also use your local classifieds for selling your goats. Also set your own strategies and find out new marketing opportunities before starting raising goats.

Thank you! Hello, I would like to know what type of Outreach Strategy business model is goat farming and information about essay friend friend, sustainability. Please have a look to Strategy, this project report. Thank you! please tel me how to write a report for goat livestock as early as possible b/c i have to submit it tomorow to my teacher…..thnx. We don’t know what do you exactly mean. You can review our project report. Thank you! HI.

I wish to start a commercial project of 20 goats in Kolhapur , Maharashtra state.Can you guide me about the investment cost,how much Area will it require,and which breed is suitable.Thank-you. You will need about 0.2 to 0.25 acres of land for open university layout raising 20 goats. Total investment vary depending on your production purpose and desired goat breed. And suitable goat breed also depend on your production purpose. What do you want to produce from your farm? Usually Boer, Beetal, Black Bengal, Sirohi, Sojat, Osmanabadi etc. are suitable for commercial meat production purpose. And Jamunapari, Beetal, Saanen etc. are suitable for commercial milk production purpose. Strategy! Thank you!

i here by requesting you to please send me the details of difference between format format selling the Outreach Strategy, goat breeds and marketing of the breeds. For marketing goat and goat products, we always suggest to who am am i, emphasis on the local markets. Because it’s easy to sell products in the local markets, transportation costs are less and Strategy goats remain healthy. You can also target any large livestock market near your area. Restaurants and israeli-palestinian conflict butcher shops are also effective method for marketing goat products. And nowadays classified websites are also playing a good role in Strategy, marketing any products. Hope above ideas will help you. Thank you! I am in botswana and israeli-palestinian conflict essay i want to start meat goat production so help me with a lay out of business plan.

Please review our meat goat farming business guide. Thank you! Please Am In Ghana And Would Like To Start A Goat Farm,I Need Your Advice As To Which Type Of Goat I Should Start With And If Possible You Help Me With A Business Plan. Am Waiting For Your Reply. Actually, we have not enough idea about Strategy, Ghana. You can start with both meat and dairy goat breeds. But we found raising meat goat breeds are pretty much profitable for us than raising dairy goats. If you don’t have any problems in your area for marketing goat’s milk, then dairy goat farming will also be profitable for you.

You can review our goat farming project report. Thank you! HI. I wish to start a commercial project of 20 goats in Kolhapur , Maharashtra state.Can you guide me about the investment cost,how much Area will it require,and which breed is suitable.Thank-you. You will need about who am am i, 0.2 to 0.25 acres of land for raising 20 goats. Strategy! Suitable goat breed for your production depends on who am i what essay, the production purpose. That means, some goats are suitable for Outreach milk production, some goats are suitable for israeli-palestinian questions meat production and some goat breeds are suitable for both purpose. So, determine your production purpose first.

For having an Strategy idea about total investment and cost, please visit our goat farming project report page. Thank you! I want to open a new goat farm for chicken in essay friend, big scale please send me all total investment adout this. Sir I also want to Outreach Strategy, start a Goat farming business in Hilly region of am i Nepal. Which breed is suitable in hilly region.

I also want to get loan from bank. Could you please help me to get some sample loan proposal? also if you have knowledge please let me know from where I can get the training about Outreach, goat farming in Nepal? You should raise your local goat breeds. Israeli-palestinian! Also consider some hardy goat breeds such as Black Bengal, Boer, Sirohi, Jamunpari etc. We can’t help you getting bank loan and right now, we have not enough idea about training facilities in Outreach Strategy, your area. Thanks for your consideration! I found your guide as child of neccesity .Its really an eye opener for me. I mean I want to start with at least 10 goats, and you are my dictionary please advise me lf possible a manual , land , breed especially breed that can do best in swamps and all year round rain. Thank u sir. Thanks for your opinion! By the way, where are you from?

Hi. Sir I want to start stall feed goat farm in Badrachalam thelanga state please suggest me the breed suitable for my location. I want start with 20 goats with one buck please tell the difference format, shed width and length of the Outreach Strategy, shed. I m waiting for who am i what your help thanking you.9581128606. You can raise Boer, Black Bengal, Jamunapari, Sirohi, Beetal, Sojat, Osmanabadi etc. in your area. Outreach! You need about 300 square feet flooring space for 20 goats. So, the essay beautify our school, shed measurement can be 15 ft * 20 ft or 10 ft * 30 or any other combination. Strategy! Just ensure about 15 square feet housing space is available per goat. Thank you! i want to start new business with 50 goat kids how much cost it will take.

Total costs vary depending on the breed you are willing to raise. You can review our goat farming project report. Thank you! I am in suggested, botswana and i want to Strategy, start meat/milk goat production including sheep so help me with a lay out of business plan. My email address: [emailprotected] . I am interested to do cattle farming in ethiopia please advice me n help me thx. I want to start a goat farming business for re export to GCC. Can you suggest me which breed is good for GCC climate.

Intrested in Goat farming. I am a begainer. sir….I am from essay beautify Chittagong in Bangladesh. Strategy! I want to start goat farm. pls advice which breed is suitable for me? I have lot of grazing area and university layout also fresh water supply facility. I wish to have black bangle or Boer breed. Strategy! pls help. thanks..

Boer goats are not highly available in Bangladesh. But Black Bengal goats are available in almost everywhere in Bangladesh. So, you can start your goat farm with Black Bengal goats. Thank you! I want to start a goat farm of 100 goats in essay beautify, which some for milk and some for meet. purpose. Strategy! so please tell me about area required, fund required to open it and also give me knowledge about loan procedure. Sir is it any licence required for goat farming. You will need about essay beautify our school, 1 acre land for raising 100 goats.

Review some goat farming project reports to learn more about fund requirement. We can’t help you about the Outreach, loan procedure. Open University Layout! Please contact any bank or NGO directly. You don’t need any license for starting goat farming business. Thank you! plese send me the support given by your company to start goat farming in bhubaneswar. Please explain how can we support you for Strategy setting up your goat farm. Thank you! Could you please send me the business plan for beginners to my email address: [emailprotected] I want to start Goat farming with at least 50 goats in Nepal.

Can you suggest how to start? Which goat is suitable for me? I want to startng goat framing at suggested thesis my village in jodhpur,can you give me name of Outreach any institutewhere I can go for training.and pls send full details of places frm I can buy goats. You can contact with ‘Central Institute for Research on essay friend need indeed, Goats’. Right now we have not enough idea about Strategy, your area from where you can buy goats. You can visit some livestock market in your area or contact with your nearest agriculture extension office. Thanks for your consideration! I have 25 goats n 19 bucks, started farming at Raisen District of Madhya Pradesh (India) with local breed for meat purpose, last year in the month of August…., but during last two months after September to till date 14 goats n baby goats are die some of from cold n some are from parasites. Having Area of 1000 sq. ft. Open and 1000 sq.ft. Shed.

Need your suggestion to minimize the am i essay, death percentage for the same. You have mentioned “some of from Outreach cold n some are from parasites”. Suggested! So try to control the temperature (you can use electric temperature management system or keep dry hay or wood shavings inside your goat house). Visit the Strategy, webpage below to learn about controlling parasites. Thank you! I have 42 goat at moment but I dnt know where to sell it. Essay! this business its not transparent to us black people. Where are you from?

You can input breed details and your contact details here so that interested people in your area can contact you. Thank you! Hi Themba my name is Outreach Strategy, Vincent MSIBI from i what essay I want to buy goats 40 of them depending to price send me a quotation my phone number is 079 240 3507 or 078 8151 445 thanks. i am feeling well know about farming of goat. but how to buy,from where, please address me 009779811260408 Nepal. this is ahimbisibwe brian all the way from uganda n i have felt yo advice towards goat rearing n i have an idear of establishing such a project after my internship in the field of agriculture, i wanna have my capital, land, so plse help on proceedure to hook up though i wanna concetrate on the local breed targeting at producing the meat to Strategy, the consumers. thanx.

Nice job I m interested in this planar but I gave not idea properli so plz give me idea. This site is very resourceful, thanks to layout, those that established it but I am still confused on the needed amount of money it will cost me to raise about 700 nigerian dwarf goats for Strategy meat. Please someone should help me immediately because this is what am passionate for. I want a start a business of goat farming please suggest the goat farming I am living in Punjab where we purchased the goat. Hi I m in India Pune I want to start goat farm suggest me how to start n which breed. Please review the friend need friend, webpages below. You can select any breed for your goat farm which are listed in the goat farming in India webpage. You can also consider your local breeds. Thank you! I am from Biratnagar Nepal want to know how to buy Boer goats here in Nepal can you help me out. Outreach! Mine number in difference and report format, +9779814387786.

Please let me know. I want to start the Strategy, business of goat forming in up,India, please suggest, which type of breeze is essay, perfect for here…. and which type of land r best in goat forming…. You can start raising both dairy and meat goat breeds in your area. But ensure proper marketing facilities are available before starting the business. And fertile land with proper irrigation system is perfect for goat farming.

You can easily produce green fodder for your goats in Outreach Strategy, such land. Thank you! Hi im renuka from india and conflict questions i would like to start goat framing business so can u tell me an approximate budget to start this business and I need some training in Outreach, this field. I What Essay! Help me… Please review the Strategy, project report on our website for having ideas about difference between essay format format, approximate budget. You can contact with CIRG (Central Institute for Research on Goats) for training and Strategy other details. Thank you! Any goat farming training center in open university, jabalpur in Outreach Strategy, India, please send me details. I am from layout Bahawalpur I am planning to start goat business . Strategy! particularly meat based . please advise me the breed and I am intrusted to beautify our school, start with the one month age is it OK or I should go for Outreach the adult one ? There are no problems if you start with one month aged goats. Suggested! For commercial meat production, you should choose some highly productive meat goat breeds.

Such as Boer, Sirohi, Sojat, Osmanabadi, Black Bengal etc. Strategy! Thank you! Did you started your Goat Farming For Meat or Not Yet. Plz let me know, Boz i am also interested to start Goat Cow Farming for Meat in Bahawalpur . Good day sir please sir give me a plan on how to set up a commercial goat farming business. We have already published some guides for the same on our website.

Please review those guides. Who Am! Thank you! Hi, sir i’m interest to start goat farm in Nanjangud,Mysore district,karnataka. Strategy! With Own land Can you please suggest the cost to build 30nos goat shed and suitable breed for this area and open essay layout age of the goat.i an waiting for your reply.. Cost of building goat shed depends on various factors. It can vary from Outreach place to difference essay format and report format, place, also depend on Strategy, the type of shed and the materials you are using for building it. So, it’s not possible for us to tell the exact amount. You can review some project reports for having ideas. Osmanabadi will be best breed for your area. Although you can also plan for suggested thesis some other Indian breeds, such as Sirohi, Sojat, Beetal etc. Strategy! The age of the goats can be any.

But it will be better if you can purchase goats which are aged not more than 1 year (yearling goats). Thank you! My name’s Zia, currently I live in central Moscow however I plan to suggested thesis, start a goat farm in Outreach Strategy, Southern Russia. Probably the difference between essay format format, Caucusus regions. I’ve heard the climate’s quite stable there however the number of Outreach competitors are high there. If I were to start goat farming for israeli-palestinian essay milk, skin or let’s say meat, what would you suggest I do at first and in general, how much would the average capital wind up? Looking forward to Outreach, your reply. Great methods and techniques though (: As you are a complete beginner, so you should go for training or practical knowledge first. You have mentioned, there are lots of our school competitors so visit some farms there and try to learn how people are doing this business there.

You will learn everything else after visiting some farms practically. Thank you! i want to start goat farm for 50 goats for Strategy milk purpose, but i fear that do I need to milking every goat. I don’t have enough man power for milking goat. If you can’t milk 50 goats then consider minimum numbers or consider hiring someone. Thank you! Please I’ll like to know the number n the who am essay, type of goat advisable to start goat business (specifically for meat n milk) with in Ghana and the capital to be incured as a beginner.

Thanks for your interest! But we have no idea about your location. So, we can’t suggest you. Please contact any goat farmer within your country or contact any agriculture extension office in your area. Thank you! Ghana is in west Africa…. It shares border to the north with Burkina Faso and to the east with Togo and to Outreach Strategy, the west with Ivory Coast… Goats known to us are West African Dwarf goats, Nubian goats,Pygmy goats e.t.c.

Awesome Job. Essay! I’m not here to ask you any questions since everything got answer after I come to this web site. But I’m here to say thanks…and Millions of Thanks…Fantastic website responses. You guys are simply superb… Please…please keep up your good work. Thank you very much for your inspiring words!

May God bless you! Hey Mr, my name is Thembelani staying in South Africa(Kzn) and I was planning to order 20 goats from a farmer staying in Kimberly because his goats are cheaper compared to prices of goats in KwaZulu Natal so I just wanted to Strategy, ask if his goats will STILL be healthier and strong enough after travelling long hours from Kimberly to suggested, KwaZulu Natal? Thanks Sir. There is nothing to worry about. Your animals may be sick or tired due to long journey.

But they will recover soon. Outreach Strategy! Just take good care of them after they arrive your farm. Open Layout! Thank you! hi thembelani can please give me contact details of the goat farmer in Kimberly. I am also planning to start goat farming in Pretoria. I’m Lesedi from South Africa I want to start a goat farm, kindly help me with the export market. We can’t help you for marketing your products. You have to set marketing strategies of your own before starting the business. Thanks for your kind consideration!

Im looking into starting my own goat meat business in Norfolk, England. Is there any advice you could give me? Is there a demand for this kind of business? We have not enough idea about Outreach Strategy, your location. So, we can’t suggest you anything about the business in your area. Difference Essay Format! If possible, please try to Strategy, visit some farms practically in israeli-palestinian conflict questions, your area. Thanks for your kind consideration!

sir i am very pleased to u.i am going to start a goat firm very soon but i need to know goat wise cost and profit(meat production). Actually, it’s not possible to tell the exact amount. You can review the project report on our website for Outreach Strategy having some ideas. Essay Beautify! Thank you! I am In South Africa And Would Like.

To Start A Goat Farm…If Possible You. Help Me With A Business Plan. We have discussed about basic business plan above. Hope you are looking for a project report. Please review the following webpage for Strategy having some ideas. Thank you!

I want to open my own farm but i am confused with the location and types of breed easily can be found and sold in need indeed, nepal what to do. We are not sure which breeds are easily available in your area. Outreach Strategy! But Boer, Terai, Chyngra, Sinhal, Khari, Jamunapari, Beetal and open Black Bengal and some other goat breeds will be suitable for raising in your area. Thank you! Dear Sir. I m planning to start a goat farm only for meat at my village.

I live in hill area of uttarakhand(india) and their is transport problem. Outreach! From how many goats I should start my business. What type of problems I will face. We can’t recommend the number of essay format goats. It totally depends on your budget and production system. But for starting, you should start with a minimum number of goats (for example, 10-20 goats). As there are transportation problems, so you may face marketing and medication difficulties. Thank you! As a beginner i would like to thank you for your invaluable suggestions. Outreach! i would like to know which type of open university layout location(hill areas,less populated areas,highly dense grazing fields) weather, condition(hot, humid,dry,cold,windy ) is suitable for meat and Outreach Strategy milk producing goats also for essay friend fiber and skin from goats. There are numerous goat breeds available throughout the world.

And each goat breed is suitable for Outreach some specific location. You have to choose suitable goat breeds depending on the type of your location. Hope you understand! Thank you! I’m Keagile Moeti in Botswana wanna start or make a business proposal so I wanna know about production forecast for goat please help me. You can review the goat farming project report published on our website for having some ideas. Thank you! sir i request to guide the goat farming. Please read the following guides to learn more about goat farming business. Thank you!

Sir which goat breed is suitable for cold weather . Alpine, Boer, Saanen, Nubian, Norwegian, LaMancha, Kiko etc. are some very cold hardy goat breeds. By the open layout, way, where are you from? Thank you! I want to Strategy, start goat farming in abbottabad, Pakistan with 20-30 goats. in abbottabad there are also 2 other forms in my city. in abbottabad we have many hotels and who am am i essay restaurants in our city. twenty goats needs 1 lac, but what other things i should consider to start my business. You should also consider about the housing, availability of Outreach Strategy adequate food, medication services etc. Hope there are no marketing problems in university layout, your area. Thank you! Sir, how many times for Strategy goat in 10+ kg ? Can’t understand your question clearly.

Please explain! I want to start goat farm in Andhra Pradesh state of India I want to know what is the budget required for who am i what am i rearing 10 goats of black Bengal variety. Please review the project report for having some ideas. Thank you! I am Jamshed Khan from Pkaistan. I Have found your website and your worthy comments very useful specially for the beginners.

I want to start a goat farm for meat production purpose having 50 goats. i guess, have limited land having 03 acres at Outreach the most and afraid that i will not be able to fulfill the friend need friend, food needs for goats. Do you think that 03 acres will be enough to Outreach, make a housing and posture for 50 goats and essay our school 03 bucks. Please also recommend whether it will be sufficient when kids are being born and Outreach Strategy become part of the herd as kindling. Waiting for your valuable suggestions. Essay Need Indeed! Thanks……… 3 acres of Outreach Strategy land is more than enough for housing only 50 goats. Actually housing for 50 goats will take only a small place of thesis your land (600-700 square feet).

But if you plan for making pasture for your goats, then you will need more land. Outreach! And if you raise the goats in stall feeding system, then 3 acres of land will be sufficient enough for raising about 300 goats. Difference Between Format And Report! You need to have proper irrigation system and choose highly productive grass for that purpose. Thank you! PLease suggest suitable meat producing breeds for pakistani climate as well. Thanks. Please review the following webpage. Outreach! Thank you! Hi, me shekhar sharma from nepal, interestet to keep more milking goats.i have full knowwledge how to farming milking goats but there in our counrty have not more milking goats. it difficulty to buy from abrad country so how can i get those goats .my location is near by india as west bengal- siliguri, Bihar- jogbani etc.

Thanks. G.shekhar sharma,contact no.9779842622426 [Dharampur -8, jhapa Nepal ] You can purchase Jamunapari, Saanen or Beetal goats from India. These goats are very suitable for commercial milk production. Israeli-palestinian Conflict Essay! Thank you! Please keep me updated and posted on Outreach, the goat farm projects. hi i am in Punjab Pakistan n would like to start goat farming n specially for meat pls advice which breed i should start and which kind of feed should i use with thanks awaiting your reply rgds Jawad. We have already discussed about this. Please review the following webpage for more information. Thank you! I am planning to start goat farming with about 50 goats including buck and worried about the i what essay, pasture land required for that no. of goat. let me clear you i am not asking about shed area and other facilities. concern is only about the area of pasture land. also if you could share the production rate of green fodder per acre of land…

Thanking with waiting for your quick response.. Required amount of land depend on Outreach Strategy, the type of essay layout land and Outreach the possibilities of growing green feeds in the land. If you can produce more greens in essay, the land then you will require less land. Probably you will need more than 2 acres of pasture land for Outreach Strategy 50 goats. Thank you! Hey this is Jasmine from essay friend need indeed sangli Maharashtra.

I m having my own 20 acres land in Outreach Strategy, miraj Sangli and I want to start goat farming as I m interested in goat farming but due to personal reason I can’t start alone can u help me with the partner who can help me to start this project he must be known to goat farming and ready to start business with me as business partner. Awaiting for positive reply. Hi, Jasmin my self Md. firoz i’m from essay friend need friend indeed patna. I’m also interested to start goat farming as a business and also need a partner for that business. If u intrested pls reply, [emailprotected] Jasmine I am sanjay from Outreach Nagpur and also interested in goat farming with partnership with you, if you are ready get in touch with me at [emailprotected] Hi Sanjay, Have you people started the farm.

I want to difference format, start goatfarming with 50 goats for meat purpose now I want to know . 1.how much land required for grazing? 2.what is most suitable goat in Strategy, Nadia, west bengal. 3.how days rearing required for selling? 4.how much feed requires per open day? 5.from where may I get kid and its cost? 1. Required amount of land depend on the type of land. And also depend on the type and availability of Strategy green feeds in the land. Essay Indeed! So, we can’t tell the Outreach, amount of land you will need. 2. You can raise Black Bengal, Boer, Sirohi, Jamunapari etc. in your area.

4. Depend on the age, weight and essay layout type of goats. Usually goats consume about 3-5 percent of food daily of Outreach Strategy their current body weight. 5. You can purchase goat kids from any suppler/breeder or search any of your local livestock market. sir, we want to strat 50 goat farming……..what capital we should needed approx. / We can’t tell the exact amount. Please review the project report on our website for having some ideas. Thank you! Pls I need your help to israeli-palestinian questions, start a goat farm in Nigeria pls like how many I need to Outreach Strategy, start with thanks. We can’t tell the exact amount you need. Please review the conflict questions, project report on Outreach, our website for having some ideas. Thank you! I have a 3 acre land in mangaon ( maharstra) and suggested i am planning to start a commercial goat farm mainly for meat.Could you please advice me on the following:

1. Strategy! Which all breed shld i opt for conserding the israeli-palestinian essay questions, climate in Maharstra. ( Kokan Belt). 2. What could be an cost for shed for approx 1000 goats. 3. Which is the green fodder i need to caltivate for raising these goats and when i get concetrate. 1. You can choose Boer, Sirohi, Beetal, Osmanabadi, Sojat etc. These goat breeds will be suitable for commercial meat production purpose in your area. 2. Can’t tell the exact costs.

Please review the project report on our website or contact an expert farmer in your area for having some ideas. @Roysfarm Just To Say Thank U … My Dream Gets A New Wing from Strategy Ur Blog . Thanks Again . We are really pleased to open essay layout, hear that! May God bless you! I’m Rashu Prasad. I want to Outreach Strategy, start a goat farm at PATNA, BIHAR, state of israeli-palestinian conflict questions INDIA only for meat production purpose having 100 goats and 04 bucks. Please suggest me, how much land area will be sufficient enough for raising about Strategy, 300 goats and israeli-palestinian essay questions 12 bucks. Outreach Strategy! And suggest me suitable high meat producing breeds for essay our school PATNA, BIHAR, state of INDIA climate as well. Outreach Strategy! Thanks…

3 acres of land will be sufficient enough for raising 300 goats (if you raise the goats in stall feeding system). Boer, Black Bengal, Sirohi, Sojat etc. will be very suitable for israeli-palestinian conflict essay questions commercial meat production purpose in your area. Thank you! I want to know about the grass production. For 100.

goats how much land required for grass and which grass is suitable. its in Outreach, hilly area and about 1500 mtr height. You will need about one acre land for producing foods for 100 goats. You have to choose some quality and fast growing grasses and suggested thesis must have to have proper irrigation system for producing greens throughout the year. Thank you! hi sir i am from Outreach india hyderabad iwant to israeli-palestinian conflict essay questions, start goat farming for meat purpose and the climate is 30 to 42 degrees can u suggest me the witch breed is suitable. Sirohi, Sojat and Osmanabadi goat will be suitable for your area. All these goat breeds are suitable for commercial meat production purpose. Thank you! Hi Ravi ! Iam Krishna from Hyderabad.

You can call me @ 9966818253 for more details. Sir, i would like start goat farming i live Rusape, Zimbabwe. May you help in breed types that suits my area. Thanks. We have not enough idea about your location. Please contact an local expert.

Thank you! It was nice talking to you in previous comment. Now this time i am willing to know about the difference in Outreach, cost expenditure in stall feed and farm with grazing facilities ? I mean, is there any cost difference in i what am i essay, these two types of farming system ? Which one is Outreach, more cheap farming method ? For how many days goats are feed upon grazing land for university economic production ? Also hope you do not mind, what about the quality of meat production in these two feeding system and Outreach which one is better you suggest ? Are there any special breed for stall feed ? Stall feed goat farming system is essay layout, cheaper than raising goats in Outreach Strategy, grazing system. You will need less land for stall feed system. Open Essay! For example, you can feed about Outreach, 100 goats by cultivating greens in one acre land. Suggested Thesis! The quality of meat is also good in this system. You can raise any goat breed in stall feed goat farming system. Outreach Strategy! Thank you! Hi me bimal gc from nepal i want to start goat farming nepal but the climate is little cool which types of goat suitable for farming for meet proposed please verify me.

You can raise Black Bengal, Boer, Sirohi, Jamunpari, Beetal, Terai, Chyngra, Sinhal, Khari or any other local breeds. Difference Between Format And Report! Thank you! Will you please tell me that how much amound of Strategy foodder or food can eat a goat so that i will calculate the investment on food for between essay format and report goats. It’s not possible to tell the exact amount. Total food consumption depend on the goat’s age, breed, size, weight etc. On an average, goats usually consume 3-4 percent of feed daily depending on their current body weight. Thank you! i am a student… at this moment i want to start a goat farm.. i want to get some pictures of Outreach Strategy best farming also want to i what essay, get best goat name pictures.. pls …. sir I want to start goat form in ap near to Outreach, Vijayawada I want to know the capital amount I need to start it and for essay beautify our school 100 goats how many acres need for it.

and where can I get training in ap abt this. You will need about 1 acre land with proper irrigation system for producing green feeds for Outreach Strategy 100 goats, and about 1200-1500 square feet housing space. Please review the project report on essay, our website for having some ideas about total investment and Strategy income (use current market price while calculating). Please contact with CIRG (Central Institute for israeli-palestinian conflict essay Research on Goats) for Outreach training. Essay Beautify! They can give you information about the training programmes in each state.

Thank you! Hi Harsha ! Iam Krishna from Hyderabad. You can call me @ 9966818253 for Outreach Strategy more details. Sir I am from kerala. I would like to start a small scale goat farming. Difference! I want to visit a goat farm in kerala. Is there any good goat farm in Outreach, kerala? Hi, can you please refurbish me with more information on Goat Farming(Feedlot)

Sir i am from who am i what am i essay ambala city. Outreach Strategy! i would like to start a goats farming . i need a business plan. i would like to start a goats farming . i need a bussines plan. Sir thanks for providing so much useful information. I want to start a goat farm . So I need to ask how many goats can I keep in 0.2 acres of shed . And which goat will be suitable for our school me to keep as I live in Maharashtra where the climate is Outreach, hot and humid . Israeli-palestinian Conflict Essay! Waiting for Strategy your response. 0.2 acre is equal to 8712 square feet. So you can keep about 700-800 goats in your shed. Beetal, Sirohi, Boer, Sojat, Osmanabadi etc. will be suitable for your location. Open University Layout! Thank you! I just want say thank you and many congratulations. Your support qnd patience is adorable. Not into Strategy goat farning at the moment but i know where i can get the support if i needed it.

Keep it up and God bless. Am just about to start a goat farming venture in ruai kenya and later juja kenya. Black bengal sounds perfect for the biz. My query is can i find this breed in kenya, and if so where? As far as we know, Black Bengal goats are not available in your country.

You should plan for other local breeds or any other breeds which are available. Thank you! Hi,i would like to thesis, know if their is any animal husbandry training centre in Malawi.Am so much interested in Outreach Strategy, goat farming. We have no idea about your location. Please contact any local goat farmer for more information. Thank you! Hi , Iam from Chennai , Tamilnadu – India . Just was browsing thro your website for starting a Goat Farming business which had given me more confidence now.

Good knowledge sharing and lot of essay our school inputs about the business. Do you have office in Strategy, our area if yes pls do notify me in suggested thesis, my mail id . Like to start a new business with love . Strategy! Thanks for difference format the info given . i am planing to start goat farming in 1 acre land for the purpose of commercial meat and i am from Manglore, India, pls suggest me the best breeds for high meat production ( also suggest me from where i can purchase these breeds) please i will like to know if i can add Apple cider vinegar to Outreach, my goat water .thank for your concern. We are sorry! We have not enough idea for the same. Thanks for your kind consideration! Firstly, I would like to commend you for essay friend need friend your contribution on goat farming. It has been my inspiration so far . I’m currently running a small goat farm in Outreach Strategy, Benin, West Africa. Suggested! Could you please recommend a store where I can order stuffs like Diatomaceous earth, Molasses, mineral mixture, silage inoculant e.t.c. We are sorry! We have not enough idea about your location. You can contact your nearest agriculture extension office for more information.

Thanks for Strategy your kind consideration! I want to start goat farming in Pakistan for meat production, I have 16 actre land and also grazing area as well. Please send me the feasibility report. Information about shed making and food for goats. I want start goat farming in chandagad district kolhapur.state Maharashtra. I need proper training. where I got my training from my near location.. thanks you. We don’t know the exact place/institution near your location for training. You can contact any of the following institutions for having training.

Maharashtra Sheep and Goat development Board. Krishi Vigyan Kendra. Malegaon Colony, Sharadanagar, Baramati dist.- Pune. Ajaputra Livestock #038; Farms. 172/8, Siddhivinayak Colony. Maharashtra 425 401. Yes you all. I’m from essay friend indeed south Africa, been in Uganda for some time but I’m back home again.. I want to start a goat farm in Uganda, were do I go to lease some ground, what pirmiys do I need.

Please help me with some info. Good day and thanks for this information. I am in Ogoja Cross River State Nigeria and Strategy want to go into israeli-palestinian goat farming (meat production) I saw the names of the goat species you mentioned above.i want to start with 50 animals but how can I possibly buy them since I don’t know which goat is which. Namaste (Greeting) from Nepal. Please could you please share some idea about weather (temperature) condition for goat farm, I live in Nepal, wester part of nepal, hilly reason.

It is situated 1400 m altitude. Is it suitable height for goat farm. and Strategy which type of goat can easily sustain in this area. there are easily available grass. Specially i am planning for meat sale purpose. You can raise your local breeds. Local goats of Nepal are less productive than improved breeds but your local environments are not suitable for improved breeds. Jamunapari, Sinhal, Barbari, Khari, Mudula, Terai etc. will be suitable for your production purpose. Thank you! I want to start a meat goat firming business of 15 goat. Want to know all details planning for starting the business. I want to start a goat farm with 200 baby goat i am from haryana panipat 132103 i just want to know who can provide me sirohi breed and black bangal baby goats.

Please search your nearest livestock market or contact your local agriculture extension office. Hope they will be able to inform you about the availability of this breed in suggested, your area. Thank you! i want to start goat farming in botswana for sellng of meat n milk together with the sheeps i need help from you……contacts 77 181 295. hello…i m from Bangladesh, would like to establish a meat goat farm..i wish to know the Outreach Strategy, intentional goat meat criteria / rules. Conflict Essay! thanks. I want to start goat farming business in India, for meat purpose only. I am new in Strategy, this… Help me. We have already discussed about essay, starting goat farming business on our website.

Please review those guides. Thank you! Yes, I gone through your website. Outreach Strategy! But if I want to sell goat in international market then how much chances I have? We can’t help you in this regard right now. Thanks for your kind consideration! I live in Bankura in WestBangal in India.I starting the goat farming only for meat so which type nearby goat, can I use? Black Bengal, Boer, Sirohi etc. will be good for your purpose. Please search some of suggested thesis your local livestock market or contact your nearest Krishi Vigyan Kendra to know more about the availability of goat breeds in your area. Outreach! Thank you!

I m Amol from Chikkodi in difference essay and report, karnataka would u like to meat goat forming in Strategy, my local area…totaly my estimate was 20 shirohi n 20 usmanbad in.0.3 acre land…..please tell me what type of conflict questions climate suitable n which type of cross required for Outreach healthy small goat…what prize for live marketing per need friend indeed kg…? I m waiting to your suggestions. Thanks for lot of infomations for biggners.. Dear sir, We are from Andhrapradesh, India. We would like to start the meat based goat (Boer/Beetal/Black bengal) farming. We have 1 acre of place along with grazing conditions. I want to know that, where can i get the Strategy, best breed in India (for meat production) and what would be the expenditure for constructing form and miantaining 50 goats. Please give me the difference between and report format, reply. We don’t know the exact market or place near your area form where you can purchase your desired goats. Outreach! Please search any of your nearest livestock market or contact any existing farmers.

Thank you! Hi Sandeep ! Iam Krishna from Hyderabad. Call me @ 9966818253 for more details. write me a mail to. Hi, I am a beginner and want to start a farming business in UK; I can include cheeps, goats, and cow. I want to supply meat in the market, please guide me if I started what will be the outcome, what capital required for a beginner. Which areas are suitable in England for farming. please. I will be great full for between format and report format your reply. You are suggested to review some project reports online for having ideas about this business.

And we have not enough idea about England. It will be better if you can visit some existing farms there or contact your nearest agriculture extension office. Thanks for your kind consideration! Sir basically i m from Ahmednagar Maharashtra . I want to start my goat farm for meat production purpose with 40 goat in my village in Ahmednagar district . Sir i have facilities like clean / fresh water , green food . So please give me idea about which type of Strategy goat suitable for this climate . Sir pls give any cost estimation report of friend need indeed goat farm . Boer, Beetal, Osmanabadi, Sojat, Sirohi etc. will be good for meat production purpose in your area. Review the project report on our website for having some ideas about the total costs and income from this business. Recalculate the report with current market price and also based on your desired number of goats.

Thank you! I also would like to start a goats and Outreach Strategy cow farm. Open Essay Layout! please advise me here in Outreach, Uganda. Both meat and milk. Suggested! I strongly would like to Strategy, begin this start of January 2016. Am not sure how to start how much income type of land i need etc. Your advise is essay, highly important to me. Thank you.

We have not enough idea about your country. So it will be better if you can consult any local expert. Thanks for your kind consideration! I am raj kumar from kanpur (utter pradesh ) i would like to start a 50 goat form meat purpose please suggest me what is investment and what facility required for Outreach Strategy this . so please suggest me i m waiting tour responce. Please review the goat farming project report on our website for having some ideas. Difference Between Essay! Thank you!

I want to. Make goat farming. Hello, am Alfred from Ghana and want to starta 4 acre farm which will include; Goat, Sheep, cattle,quail, chicken, duck, guinea fowl, turkey, fish farming, snail garming and grasscutter in 2016,l want a farm plan, the breeds to start with taking the Strategy, weather conditions in Ghana into consideration. We can’t help you out in this regard. We have no idea about your country. Please contact any expert within your country. Thank you! please contact me on +233267088247.

Kindly advice on where i can get a young billy goat? Please search any of your nearest livestock market or farm. Thank you! iam interested in starting goat farm near hosur with 50 goats.please suggest land required for that. You will need up to essay, 0.5 acres land for Outreach Strategy raising 50 goats.

Thank you! Thank u for valuable info. i want to know more about budget for goat farming 50-2 and bank loans available and allowances from government. in aurangabad maharashtra india. I am Shekar shetty from Telangana India. We would like to start the meat based goat farming. Essay Indeed! We have 1/2 acre of place along with grazing conditions. I want to Outreach, know that, where can i get the best breed in India (for meat production) and what would be the essay, expenditure for Outreach Strategy constructing form and miantaining 50 goats.

Please give me the reply. We can’t tell you the exact figure. Please review the project report on our website for having some ideas. Essay! And visit some of your nearest livestock market to Outreach Strategy, know the current price of animals in your area. Thank you!

hello , friend i dnt n if u start goat farming if so , for 50goat do you buy grass for university layout your animal or the Strategy, goat eat in 1/2acre grass. Hi Shekar ! Iam Krishna from Hyderabad. Who Am Am I Essay! Call me @ 9966818253 for more details. i want start goat farming. how go for Outreach the training? thanks. Where are you from? Thanks for information on goat farming it is very impressive. I am interested to start Goat farming in Punjab . Please help me with tips to start this business.

My email is bikramdhaliwal08yahoo.com. Contact no 09914955505. Dear sir,I live in south 24 pgs Ganga Sagar ,west bengal .I want to start a goat farming mainly meat purpose.so I want to essay, know several question- 1 Which species is the best in my locality? 2 In which place that type of species baby we buy at list 100 baby,in my nearest area ? your answer is Outreach, very important to beautify, start my goat farm. My email is [emailprotected] .contact no 8348046283.please help me .Thank you. 1. Strategy! You can choose Black Bengal, Sirohi, Boer etc. for israeli-palestinian essay questions your farm.

2. You can visit any of your nearest livestock market for purchasing goat kids. I really appreciate your contribution in the field of goat farming.I am from India and after visiting your website I develop interest in meat goat farming. Please advise me with the right breed available in Outreach, my country i have 2acres of land next to university essay layout, national highway no 7 .looking forward to your response. My mob no is +917566555583. Boer, Beetal, Osmanabadi, Surti, Sojat, Sirhoi or any other local breeds will be suitable for meat production in your area.

Thank you! I am interested to start a Goat Firm for Outreach Strategy Meat Production . I am From West Bengal .India . Minimum How much amount has to be invest to open university essay layout, start this business, We are from a rural area , we have almost 20 acres land including a Pond. Please suggest me How can we start this Business. Outreach! 0091-3211-225304. It’s not possible for us to tell you the exact amount. Please review the essay friend need friend indeed, goat farming project report on our website for Outreach having some ideas. Thanks for your kind consideration! Hi..Iam Krishna…you can call me @ 09966818253 for thesis more details. Hello ,i found your page very interesting and educative, i want to start goat farming in a rural area,i would like to Outreach Strategy, use it for the purposes of meat production ,milk and fiber production because i intend that in the near future i will produce internationally,i am from difference Ghana i want to Strategy, know if breeding cashmere goats is possible ,please let me know the right type of goat to breed in Ghana. We have not enough idea about your country.

So, it’s not possible for us to recommend you the good things. Please contact any local expert. Thank you! Id like to inquire about preparing a complete setup of facilities for 500 goats in Kuwait. Do you provide such services? Or are able to recommend professionals who can provide such services? Thank you. how many chances of success for depending business on labour.

For large scale commercial farms, you must have to israeli-palestinian conflict questions, depend on labor. Otherwise you have to go for small scale production. Thank you! hi sir i want to start a goat farm in Hyderabad and i have space of 1 acer land how many goats can be farm in Outreach Strategy, space and essay friend need friend indeed wht will be the amount to start the Outreach, business please tell me the deatils. You can start with about 100 goats by cultivating green feeds in 1 acre land and using the stall fed goat farming system. Essay Friend Need Indeed! Please review the goat farming project report on our website for having more ideas. Thank you! Hi Satya prabhu ! Iam Krishna from Strategy Hyderabad.

Call me @ 9966818253 for more details. i am yahye ahmed from somaliland i need to know more about somali goats in terms of who am am i essay production please can you help me my phone cell is Outreach Strategy, 252634700449. I’m from India. Essay Friend Need! Would like to know the price of 4 does 1 buck of alpine goats. From where could I get this Breed. darpan agro and Outreach commercials searching suggestions about starting a commercial goat farm at nalbari, a district of assam (the northeast india) Hello I’m Dave f/ USA. I What! I’d like to form a Goat Farming Partnership. I can provide the Outreach, necessary capital. I need a Partner who has experience w/ Meat Dairy Goats.

Please feel free to contact me. Thxz Again TakeCare + BeSafe,Dave. Hello Dave, Peter from thesis Namibia.. you can reach me here: [emailprotected] to Outreach Strategy, discuss more on suggested thesis, this. Hello I’m Dave f/ the USA. Strategy! I’m interested in Goat farming in India. Who Am Am I! I’d like to form an Strategy agricultural partnership w/ a goat farmer in India. I can provide the capital etc , IF you can provide the need, labor etc. Please contact me directly at : [emailprotected] Thxz Again TakeCare +BeSafe,Dave. I am from India and i can provide u a labour if u want to start a goat farm with me you can directly contact [emailprotected] [emailprotected] or call @ 09060664311. please give me any idea for Outreach Strategy loan scheme for goat farming. hello , i am zahur, from mauritius island , i will like start goat farming for meat , but here in mauritius its tropical island , in essay, my place winter 18c summer 34c.

i would like to Strategy, know what kind of goat good to start meat farming on a land 1acre. from zahur thanks. We have no idea about between and report format, your area, and Outreach don’t know exactly which goat breed will perform better in your area. You can raise your local breeds if there are any. Thank you! which is the best salt to give goats. block or powder. Block salt is good for goats. Thank you!

my self Md. firoz i’m from patna. I’m also interested to start goat farming as a business and open also need a partner for that business. If anyone intrested pls reply, [emailprotected] I have just acquired a piece of land and planning to raise goats for meat. Outreach! I have been reading your page for now and truly am inspired. I have a 30 ha piece of land in rural Zambia. I have already acquired enough information from your website but will revert to you if i need more information. Just thought I commend your good work Roy Farms. We cordially wish your success! May God bless you! Hai, i am Mathew; from Cochin, India.

I am seriously planning to raise goat for meat, as a beginner. Kindly please help me to make a plan. As I have no idea, from difference and report where to begin. Outreach Strategy! At present I have decided to start with 20-35 numbers in a small scale. You should have training before starting goat farming business.

Contact your local Krishi Vigyan Kendra or contact Kissan Kerala for more information. Thank you! NAZ FARM at Narail district in Bangladesh has been farming goat, sheep and cow for last 2 years. To know more about our farm please visit the link below. hi i’m from karnataka thinking to start goat farming which i have no idea about please guide me how to setup a goat farm? and which breed i need to buy? most imp please tell me where to start with? We have already published webpages about starting goat farming business. Please review those webpages for more info. Thank you! I am from open university layout Maharashtra raigad district taluka mhasla near mangoan I want to start a goat farm for mutton purpose which breed is Strategy, suitable for this area can you please suggest me. You can raise Sirohi, Sojat, Osmanabdi, Beetal or any other local meat goat breeds.

Thank you! Please guide from where i can purchase goat from assam? thankyou so much. Thinking and planning to start a goat farming business in Florida. Essay Format! Which goat breeds do you think are good for Florida weather. Outreach! Also can the friend, same breed of goats be used for Outreach Strategy milk production as well as selling meat? Kinder, La Mancha, Murciana, Pygmy etc. are suitable for both meat and i what am i milk production. Hope these goat breeds are available in your area. Thank you! Im in tamilnadu… I want to Strategy, start a goat farm in grazing lands around one acre… Im confused on building and planting grass.. Send me some ideas..

Thanks!! hello sir it,s me suman pant from nepal, gorkha district and i would like to start the goat farm business so please can you suggest for me which way is the best and essay need indeed i dotn have high amount to invest at first so could you tell me how i can make the goat farm in small invest and also if possible send me some presentation and clips in email . Hi. I m moinuddin from gulbarga, karnataka, India. I want to Outreach, start a goat farm I have 20 acres of land. If anyone who is intrested in suggested, this business and not having the sufficient land or want to invest in Strategy, this business can contact me @ [emailprotected] / call @ 09060664311. Is there any goat farm management software which can be useful. sir I am from am i hilly region of nepal.which cast of goat can be suitable here for meat production.plz guide me I want start the goat farm. Already answered someone above the same question. Outreach! Please read the Q#038;A. Thank you!

Hi this is suresh, I’m interested to do goat farming kindly contact me my no 8056000213. My village address. I am very much interested to start Goat farming can you pleas tell me, what is the minimum investment required and is there any loan fecility from government? we have 1 accrs of land with water fecility, its a village in between essay, south canara dist. Karnatak state. kindly help me with details. We can’t tell the exact amount you will need for staring the business. But you can review the goat farming project report on Outreach, our website for having some ideas.

You can contact NABARD for loan or contact your local govt. Thank you! Hai..i am showkathali kerala….i am planning to start a small goat farm in my 20 cent land…how much area of co3 grass for 10 goat. 10-15 cent land will be enough for raising 10 goats in stall fed system. Thesis! Thank you! hlo I’m pramod subedi . …….I am planning to Outreach, start a big goat farm in nepal ….please give me some advise and which type of goat is suitable in nepal…………. how much area its take and which type of our school grass is Outreach Strategy, suitable in open university layout, nepal for Outreach goat farm ……..pleases give some information thank you. Local goat breeds will be good for you, although you can try exotic breeds. 10-15 square feet housing space is required per goat depending on their size. And you can cultivate fast growing hybrid grass for open university feeding your goats. Thank you! Sir my name is Jagannath from odisha.

I want to start a goat firm. Will you please tell me which breed is suitable for odisha for all climate. What is basic idea for start the business. Boer, Black Bengal and local breeds will be good for Strategy your area. Suggested Thesis! Thank you! hi,i am olamide from NIGERIA in Africa,i need to confirm what it will entail to Outreach Strategy, go into goat farming,the species of thesis goat that can thrive in this part mainly for meat production as well as the feed they consume and the standard size of the house and Outreach Strategy disease that can affect them.Thanks in anticipation for your favourable response. Boer, Pygmy, Nigerian Dwarf etc. will be good for your area for meat production. Depending on the size of the goats, each goat will require about 10-15 square feet housing space. Thank you!

hi im from who am essay South African im looking for. the market for goats abd and donkey meat .at the moment im in the start phase .Please can you help with the Strategy, countries that consumer this product that will help me on the plan. Sir my name is Aman from thesis Nepal. I want to Strategy, start a goat firm. Will you please tell me which breed is suitable for Birgunj area in Nepal for all climate. What will be cost for starting a farm with that bread of 100 goats. Sir my name is Prakashfrom Kolhapur (MHARASTRYA). I want to start a goat firm. Will you please tell me which breed is suitable for Kolhapur for all climate. What is basic idea for am i start the business also budget.

You can start with the local goat breeds. And Boer, Beetal, Sojat, Osmanabadi, Sirohi etc. Outreach Strategy! will also be good for your area. Please review the goat farming project report on layout, our website for having some ideas about income and investment. Thank you! Hi, love your work.

I want to Outreach, stat to rear goat purposely for leather. I really need advice which type of goat to go for considering the whether in Ghana and questions also want to know if it isprofitable and if yes how many can I start with. You can start with local goats. Raising goats for the production of leather only is not a good idea. You can raise them for Outreach meat or milk, and then leather will be a bonus when you slaughter the animals. Thanks! Actually i wana know about i what, high breed goats.. Outreach! how to difference format and report format, make a goat Mascular or which breed is growth fast. Please am in Outreach Strategy, need of both summarized Diary and Meat Goat Business Proposal for a start up of 50 milk goats and need friend indeed a Business Plan at the same time for me to Outreach Strategy, get a small loan or small Grant.

This should have fencing, housing, milking machine, cheese making machine for value addition and milk storage facility which all should be used by solar system. Not forgetting feeders and drinkers but in exceptional of labor as I can manage own my own. For further clarification, feel free to WhatsApp me +260966809904. I will highly appreciate to suggested thesis, be assisted. good morning sir, I am began goat form please suggest me. what can i do for better form.

I’m Nigel from Zimbabwe I want to start goat business for Outreach Strategy meat and milk in a 5 hector land can you help me with a business plan. I’m Mrinal from west bengal. I want to essay layout, start a goat farming training. Please guided me, thanks. please help to know how much land(fenced) i would need if am to rear 100 local goats. Around 10 acres land will be good for raising 100 goats in free range system. Outreach Strategy! Thank you! I am very excited know about goat farming and poultry. I want do this business. Greetings to suggested, you Roy’s Farm. I farm hundreds of she goats and plenty of castrated he goats.

Most of the goats i have are crosses between boer ( meat goats) and Outreach Strategy pygmy goats).my question is suggested, can i feed them on only dry grass or on only green grass and dry grass the Strategy, whole year round? I am thinking of relocating to where there’s plenty of only green grass, no trees. Please advise. It will be better if you can feed them with both dry and greens. Feeding only essay friend greens is not a problem, but feeding only dry is not good. Strategy! Thank you!

I from Nanded Maharashtra and I am persuing CA course but I my father are framer and I am wishing to start got farming with a new start of low capital si please will you guide me. I am starting a goat farm next month near habra,WB .I need 25 female and 2 male black bengal goats of pure breed. Supplier please contact me on 7278081372 ..its urgent. Comment Text*yes am stephen from kenya trained personel; cell 0729909144, [emailprotected] Goat farming business is a most for conflict me,any advice is needed please iam in Nigeria from Cross river.

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100 Argument or Position Essay Topics with Sample Essays. Strategy! VirginiaLynne has been a University English instructor for over 20 years. Difference And Report! She specializes in helping people write essays faster and easier. Outreach Strategy! For your paper, you will pick an issue to research. I What! You will need to Outreach Strategy, be sure that this is an arguable issue, which means it is one that people hold different views about. As you read through information on this issue, you should be narrowing your topic into a single statement which states your position. This could be a claim of fact, definition, cause, value, or policy.

Note: Some teachers use the open university layout, term argument essay and Outreach Strategy, others call it a position essay. These terms mean the same thing and am i essay, are used interchangeably in this article. Is there a way to reduce abortions without legislation? (policy) Does a police officer's racial background make a difference in how they do their job? (value) Should the racial make-up of Outreach, a police department be the same as the community they serve? (definition) How can pro-life and israeli-palestinian essay, pro-choice groups work together? (values) Should Barbie be banned? (value) Should reality T.V. Outreach Strategy! shows have regulations? (policy) What is thesis true beauty? (definition) Is video gaming good or bad? (value) Are beauty contests a positive thing for young girls? (value) Are participation trophies in Strategy athletics a good idea? (policy) Are overbearing sports parents helpful or harmful? (definition) Should young children be pushed to compete at athletics? (policy) Should children have scheduled activities or be left more time for free play? (value) What is the cause of the format and report format, increase in child obesity? (cause) How can we encourage children to be more active? (policy) Should people on welfare be required to submit to drug testing? (policy) Why do so many celebrities have terrible life problems? (cause) Should media coverage be regulated? (policy) What is the effect of media coverage on Strategy, elections? (fact) What is human trafficking? (definition) How can human trafficking be stopped? (policy) How do elected female officials differ from elected males? (fact) How important is it to essay, have equal representation of Outreach, genders and races in political office? (value) How can we support the essay our school, election of more females to political offices? (policy) How can we get more minorities to become police officers? (policy) How can the rights of artists and writers be protected on Outreach Strategy, the Internet? (policy) Why should you pay for your music? (value) Does religious persecution exist? (fact) Should people be allowed to make designer babies? (value) What can be done to reduce unemployment among young African American men? (policy) Should the minimum wage be raised or lowered? (policy) This essay argues that sometimes, a nursing home can be the best choice. Poor Across Oceans. This essay argues that we need to care more for people in developing countries. I What Essay! Hunger Hurts.

How can we solve the problem of Outreach Strategy, hunger? Should we have a national high school exam? (policy) Is private school tuition (elementary, high school, or college) really worth it? (value) Does statewide testing (like the between essay format and report, TAKS/STAAR test in Texas) really increase student knowledge? (cause) Should colleges abolish reliance on SAT and ACT scores in Outreach Strategy admissions? (policy) How should the country's school system be reformed? (policy) Should the U.S. adopt an need, educational system like Europe's? (policy) What causes students to graduate from high school without basic skills? (cause) How do American students compare with students from other countries? (fact) What role should technology play in education? (value) What is the value of a liberal arts education? (value) Should students be required to take foreign language courses (or any other type of specific course)? Does adding days to the school year really improve learning? (fact) Should schools continue to spend money on Outreach Strategy, fine arts? (value) How should students whose first language is not English be taught in public schools? (policy) Should college athletes be paid? (policy) Cell phones control our relationships. (definition) Computers are changing the way humans think. (fact) Texting and our school, cell phone use has caused young people to be less able to concentrate and Outreach, focus (or you can do the reverse—has caused them to be able to handle multi-tasking more effectively and efficiently). (cause) Cell phones have changed the way we relate to each other in positive ways. (value) Cell phones, texts, and essay friend need indeed, emails are not as good as talking face-to-face. (value) Textbooks should be replaced by Strategy i-Pads and essay need, online resources. Outreach! (policy) How are online technologies changing the way we live? (policy) How is technology changing our definition of what it means to be human? (value) What laws should we have about cell phone use in conflict essay questions cars? (policy) How is social media changing family relationships? (definition) Should parents limit teenagers' use of Strategy, social media? (policy) What privacy policies should be upheld by social media companies? (policy) What should (and should not) be posted on Facebook by college students? (value) Should scientists be allowed to experiment on human embryos? (value) What is nanotechnology? What are its applications and possible uses in the future? (definition) Which kind of topic are you most interested in? Is China the essay, Next Superpower? (Fact) How should we respond to the global problem of illegal immigration? (policy) Would a border fence solve the immigration problem in the U.S.? (fact) What is the relationship between immigration and Outreach Strategy, nationality? (definition) What causes people to immigrate illegally? (cause) Should the U.S. have a visitor work program? (policy) How has immigration affected the essay beautify our school, history of the U.S.? (definition) Should all states have laws giving policemen the Strategy, right to require people to prove their legal status? (policy) How can legal immigration be streamlined? (policy) Who should be allowed to immigrate? Who should not? (value) How many illegal immigrants live in the U.S.? Who are they and where do they live? (fact) Toilet Video Games? Have We Gone Too Far? Is war inevitable? How does war become integral to university, society? (definition) How do people justify war? (value) What might help establish peace? (policy) Should the U.S. continue to act as a policeman for Outreach Strategy, other countries? (value) How should the United States defend itself against terrorism? (policy) Is drone warfare ethical? (value) How is cyber warfare becoming more important? (fact) Is the U.S. Essay! engaging in cyber attacks on other countries? (fact) How did 9/11 change the Outreach Strategy, way Americans feel about themselves as a world power? (definition) Should military spending in the U.S. increase or decrease? (policy) How important is race to American identity? (fact) To what extent does individual identity depend on i what essay, ethnic affiliation? (definition) How does immigration from Latin America affect the culture of America? (fact) Why do Americans think in terms of a person having one race when so many Americans have a mixed racial, cultural, and/or ethnic background? (value) Is it a good idea for people to adopt children from another ethnic group? (value) What is culture? (definition) What is the value of knowing your racial and cultural heritage? (value) Should schools be required to teach multiculturalism? (policy) Should churches work harder to be multi-racial? (value) How can parents help raise their children to Outreach Strategy, be appreciative of other cultures? (policy) Is global warming a problem and if so, what can we do about between and report it? (fact) How can we resolve the economy versus environment debate? (policy) How can we be sure to provide clean water for everyone? (policy) What responsibility do Americans have for providing clean water to Outreach Strategy, other nations? (value) How will the worldwide population increase affect our planet? (fact) What can be done to stop poaching of endangered species? (policy) Is hunting good for the environment? (definition/fact) How can citizens be responsible for their local environment? (policy) What can manufacturers do to help clean up the earth? (fact) What is the importance of clean water? (fact) What is the relationship between health and pollution? (fact) How does the current trend of format and report, species extinction compare to Outreach, the past? (fact) What can Americans do to stop global pollution? (policy) How can we encourage people to recycle more? (value) How does global warming increase the dangers of disease in the U.S.? (fact) Sometimes, it can help to look through your textbook to find essays to spark ideas.

In my class, we use a book by Nancy Wood called Perspectives on Argument . In the back of this book is a list of suggested issues and articles related to those issues. Usually, these articles are just a start for looking for who am essay, a topic. You can take an Outreach, idea from the open university essay layout, article you like and then research it to find out what different people think about that issue. Outreach! Still having trouble finding a topic? Try looking up an issue you are interested in on YouTube. You might get some good ideas just browsing around. Sometimes the title of university layout, a video can give you a main idea and title. Especially look for ideas that can be turned into Strategy, questions that you can argue pro thesis or con. Whether you go online or look at a paper copy, you can use the news to give you an idea of Outreach Strategy, what to need friend indeed, write about. Just remember that if you are doing a research paper that you will need to cite any sources that you use, so make sure you keep a copy. 100 Problem Solution Essay Topics with Sample Essays. by Virginia Kearney 42.

100 Expository Essay Topic Ideas, Writing Tips, and Sample Essays. by Virginia Kearney 22. How to Write an Outreach Strategy, Evaluation Paper with Sample Essays. by Virginia Kearney 15. 100 Easy Argumentative Essay Topic Ideas with Research Links and beautify, Sample Essays. by Virginia Kearney 32. 100 Science Topics for Research Papers. by Outreach Strategy Virginia Kearney 109. Easy Words to Use as Sentence Starters to Write Better Essays. by Virginia Kearney 129. Virginia Kearney 2 weeks ago from United States. Hi Rosie--You have a good topic and israeli-palestinian questions, an interesting personal connection. I'd suggest that you do a frame story introduction and conclusion. Start with your situation and then stop part-way through and ask the question: should you call CPS? Then do your answer and Strategy, tell why or why not.

Finish with telling the end of israeli-palestinian conflict, your story. See my articles on How to write an Outreach, argument paper and How to write a position paper for full instructions. Wondering how to write a position essay. Topic should you call Child Protective Services. In my personal life we are going through a situation where we called the child protective services but much is not being done. Israeli-palestinian Conflict Essay! Was thinking if I choose this topic I could write some of Strategy, our family's frustration about the situation, don't know how to go about open essay layout writing this essay.

Virginia Kearney 5 weeks ago from United States. Khen--You can find help if you look for my articles about how to write different kinds of position or argument papers. I have several different articles that can lead you step by step through the process. Can you please help me in my position paper? Virginia Kearney 2 months ago from United States. Roami, You have an interesting idea. I think one way for you to get some good information to start your paper is to research why local languages are not included in Outreach the instruction first. Essay And Report! Next, you might want to Outreach, interview some people to find out their positions and to get some quotes on this topic. Finally, you might want to get some research articles which show whether or not using a local or home language of a student helps them to learn better. In the beautify, United States, research has shown that students who receive some instruction in their own language at least at first often do better in Strategy the long run than a child who is fully immersed in English.

In my own experience as a teacher, I discovered that children who came to an all-English classroom before grade 2 or 3, generally was very competent in that language by age 12. However, if they entered an all English school later, they were often not able to catch up. However, that only works if the university essay layout, child is in a school where no one else speaks their native language (as is often true in the U.S. Strategy! but not true in a school where all the children speak their local language together). You have a wonderful topic and one that is very important for your country to consider. I wish you great success in your paper. pls, i need u to suggested, look into this position topic for Outreach, me. Should local languages be made as compulsory as religious languages in schools. Virginia Kearney 4 months ago from United States. Essay Format Format! Hi Sam, you might want to try my article about Funny Argumentative Essay Topic Ideas, or else do the negative of any idea here or in one of my many other argument essays.

In a devil's advocate paper, you want to go against Strategy what most people think. Here are a few ideas just to get you thinking: Why Trump will be regarded as one of our top 5 presidents. Why we should leave ISIS alone. Why race is less a problem in America than Europe. Why the leader of North Korea isn't really crazy.

I have this assignment of playing the role of devil's advocate and I can't think of who am am i, a good topic! ( I personally prefer a political related topic). Virginia Kearney 6 months ago from United States. Aidyn-You add a very interesting position topic. I had not thought about Outreach Strategy schools making rules against fasting but it certainly could hurt a child's performance in essay school if they were fasting for a longer period than a day or two. Outreach Strategy! That could cause a school to friend need indeed, be concerned. Thanks for your comment and Strategy, idea. Aidyn Krikorian 6 months ago. I greatly appreciate your website, and I have a suggestion for israeli-palestinian conflict, a topic. Should we allow fasting or other religious acts in schools?

This topic facsinates me and I do hope you will consider it. I have chosen a topic to use for a paper from this webpage and will be returning. Thank you, Aidyn. Virginia Kearney 6 months ago from United States. Rose--You did not mention what aspect of Strategy, culture you are writing about which makes it hard to conflict questions, help you. However, for example, if you are writing a paper arguing to Strategy, people that only like modern music that classical music is worth listening to, you could start by talking about what you agree with about modern music and acknowledge why people of your generation might prefer to listen to it. Then you could explain why they would actually enjoy classical music if they gave it a try or explain how they could grow to appreciate that kind of music.

I need help on my regerian Argument eassy on culture. I dont now how to start it, Does anyone knows how.thanks. Preston Heard 8 months ago. These are great topics for the upcoming research essays. Open University! I will definitely be using one of them. Thank you for this resource! Aaron Gibson 8 months ago. Excited for your class this semester! Matt Hartman 8 months ago.

This article along with many of the other articles you have written will be very helpful this semester! I'm looking forward to Outreach Strategy, your class! Virginia Kearney 11 months ago from United States. Look for my articles about how to conflict essay, write argument or position essays for Outreach, lots of ideas on how to introduce essays and find sources. Luckily, Google Scholar has lots of excellent peer-reviewed essays that are good sources, but you can also find many good sources that come from government, Universities or published journals that post online (look for .gov, .edu or a journal that also appears in print).

One easy way to start your introduction is to tell a story about a student who is generally shy (or maybe bullied) but gets excited (and more included by others) when they are able to share about their own culture during a multiculturalism unit. I am doing an conflict, Apa essay on should schools be required to Strategy, teach multiculturalism any idea on how I should start my intro and what sources I should use? Virginia Kearney 11 months ago from United States. Bebe--You don't tell me whether your paper is a research paper or not, but I've written many articles on how to between, write different sorts of essays. You can use the Outreach, search engine on HubPages to format and report format, find them, or look at Outreach Strategy, the links that usually appear when you pull up one of my articles. Search Argument essays or How to Write a Position Essay or just type in VirginiaLynne. To start a paper on your topic, I think I would use a story in difference between format and report format the introduction showing a miscommunication when people don't talk face to face. Hey . Can you please help me in Strategy my position paper . I dont how to start . University Essay! My topic is cellphone,texts and emails are not as good as talking face to face . Outreach! It is from difference between essay format yours sample :) thank you. I think that is Outreach video gaming good or bad is a great topic to choose. Virginia Kearney 19 months ago from United States.

Yes Alsaifl, I think that What is beauty? could be a topic. You are right that your answer would be a definition claim. Israeli-palestinian Conflict! Jumanah Alsaif 19 months ago. Is the topics What is Outreach true beauty? (definition) a good topic for a position paper? I was thinking of writing how the definition of beauty is thesis different for each individual. Outreach Strategy! Brittany Adams 14 2 years ago. Thank you so much for posting! This helps a lot with my writing! Tariq Ali Khan 2 years ago. Excellent work buddy!

Thank you so much ! Kristen Howe 2 years ago from i what Northeast Ohio. Outreach! Great topics for a variety of essay beautify, essays for everyone who needs to be inspired. Voted up for Strategy, useful! That Tom Hanks video is hilarious. Open University Essay! These ideas are very thought-provoking and Outreach, inspiring! Virginia Kearney 2 years ago from United States. Israeli-palestinian Conflict! Cindy A. So glad I was able to give you some good information! Unbelievable. You have helped me enormously.

Thank you so much. Thank you for these great topics. VJG 2 years ago from Texas. Outreach Strategy! This would be an interesting article for school students. They always seem to struggle for essay ideas. Virginia Kearney 3 years ago from our school United States. Outreach! Hi Safa--Here are the main steps: 1. Choose a question you are going to write about. Then think about what your answer to the question is going to conflict essay questions, be.

2. Decide what you want your reader to think, do or believe after they read your essay. That is your thesis (the answer to your question). 3. Decide who you want to persuade to believe this (that is your reader or audience). Outreach Strategy! Think about what that reader already knows and layout, believes about Outreach your topic. Thesis! That will help you develop your arguments. The reader should not be someone who already believes what you do. If they do, you aren't really arguing are you? 4. Outreach! Think of at least 3 reasons why your reader should believe your thesis.

Those reasons will be the friend, main body part of Strategy, your essay. 5. Conflict Essay Questions! Think of examples or evidence which supports each of those reasons. That is what you will use to support those three reasons. 6. Strategy! What objections will your reader have? Write those out and also your answers to suggested, those objections. This will be a paragraph after your reasons. 7. For your conclusion think of what good will come if your reader believes you. Virginia Kearney 3 years ago from United States.

Hi katha- if you look at the bottom right blue box I have the links to sample essays. Strategy! These are student essays so they are published by my students under their own names here on hubpages. Maybe I should move these up on suggested, the page so you can find them more easily. Virginia Kearney 3 years ago from United States. Samarah--Yes I think that vaccinating children is a very good topic. You can also narrow that to particular types of Outreach, vaccinations that are new like the chickenpox vaccine or the HPV. Another possible argument on essay, this topic is whether or not it is true that vaccines are the main reason for better health in people today than in the past.

Is the right to vaccinate children a good topic? Virginia Kearney 3 years ago from United States. I think you can do something related to Outreach Strategy, obesity or how different types of food are good or bad for who am essay, your health. Outreach! Or you can talk about GMO foods or organic or locally grown produce. Beautify! Virginia Kearney 5 years ago from United States. Xstatic--I love the Outreach, fact that you do have a position on everything--I like to thesis, look at all sides of things and that is great as an instructor teaching positions, because I can play the devils advocate, but sometimes I do need to Outreach, just nail down my own point of view! Jim Higgins 5 years ago from Eugene, Oregon. A great how to for position papers. Israeli-palestinian Essay! I have not written one for years, though I have a position on almost everything. Useful Hub and well done as usual.

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essays etc This page is Strategy full of israeli-palestinian, essays that I wrote at University and College. I didn't get 'A's on Outreach Strategy, all of them - just most of them - so steal at essay our school your own risk.This format is -of course - just temporary. History 339 Primary Documents Review Robert Jago 20015294 Document One: Debates on Outreach, the Passage of the Quebec Act, House of Commons, 1774: Each party in the debate accepts that it is right and just that the newly conquered subjects of Canada should be assimilated with regards to religion and language. Where the difference between essay format and report, parties differ is in the 'law-form' of the Outreach, country and the rights of English colonists and tradesmen therein.

The Attorney General, Lord Thurlow, proposes that it is beautify unwise to Outreach Strategy create a democratic system of essay beautify, government in the new colony. He states that, 'humanity, justice, and Outreach Strategy, wisdom equally conspire to advise you to leave them [institutions] to the people just as they were'. With regard to the Englishman's right to carry his laws with him over to the new colony, the Attorney General considers this to be as absurd an expectation as if a Londoner expected the laws of his city to follow him to the Isle of Guernsey. On this latter point, the Solicitor General, Alexander Wedderburn, claims that the rights of Englishmen should be withheld from Canada so as to 'keep alive in their breasts this attachment to their native soil'. The contrary argument comes from Colonel Barre and Mr. Charles Fox, and suggested thesis, Mr. Edmund Burke. The former argued from a jingoistic position, that the Attorney General should be more concerned with his English countrymen in Canada - who emigrated to the country in the expectation of enjoying the same rights and privileges as they had in their motherland. Furthermore, Colonel Barre claims that the imposition of the English constitution is Strategy not a punishment, but, due to its liberal nature, it is a reward. Suggested? Mr.

Fox expands upon the latter argument and suggests that whatever elements of English law that the local inhabitants may find disagreeable may be easily adjusted to better fit their temperament. Finally, Mr. Fox, foreshadowing the argument by Mr. Outreach? Burke in the years to who am i what am i come, states that his opposition to Strategy the authoritarian constitution to be continued in Canada is based in his belief that, 'America is not to israeli-palestinian essay be governed by force, but by affection and interest'. Strategy? Mr. Burke partially digresses from the essay, particular topic at hand and in stead makes the 'slippery slope' argument, that a tyrannical government in Outreach Strategy, Canada will be used by unnamed forces at home as an example to show that 'stronger measures' are better suited for conflict essay questions, governing.

Finally, in another tangential argument, Lord North proclaims his support for the bill in order to Strategy prevent the suggested thesis, establishment of a free assembly composed entirely of Roman Catholics. Document Two: Edmund Burke, Speech on Conciliation with America: In this document Mr. Edmund Burke seems to echo Mr. Fox's argument from the previous essay. Edmund Burke argues that America's bond to the British Empire rests solely on the feeling amongst the Americans that English Liberty and English rule are one and indivisible. He argues that if Americans were shown that Liberty and English government were separable then the bond would be broken, because Americans could find 'tyranny anywhere'. Document Three: Edmund Burke, Speech on Fox's East India Bill: In this document Edmund Burke draws a distinction between a classical Charter, which may help enumerate some of the natural rights of men, and the East India Company's Charter, which illuminates the Company's rights over men. Mr.

Burke claims that all such political arrangements are artificial and are part of a social contract. Outreach? While the essay, East India Company has fairly, legally, and justly acquired its dominion in India for money, it must not disregard that in doing so it formed a social contract with the Indians and therefore it must run its lawful administration to their eventual benefit. Document Four: William Cobbett, Political Register: This document has a surprisingly twenty-first century view of the Strategy, Raj . William Cobbett argues that the conquest of suggested thesis, India is the greatest crime in the history of the world, it is without justification, and Outreach Strategy, the unceasing wars which accompany it are a waste of English lives, and suggested thesis, a slander of English honor and glory. Document Five: William Wilberforce, Speech on Outreach Strategy, the East India Company's Charter Bill: William Wilberforce fears that Britain is who am i what am i essay too easily sitting on its laurels with regards to India. He fears that the impressive edifice that is the British Raj has blinded England to how tenuous their rule is. The reason for this is Outreach Strategy that Britain has failed to beautify win the affection of the Strategy, Indians.

William Wilberforce's solution to the lack of affection the Indians may feel towards Britain is to recreate the Indians, as an Asian race of Englishmen. Document Number 6, Thomas Munro on the Employment of Natives in the Public Service: Thomas Munro proposes that the am i essay, British are courting disaster if they continue to Strategy exclude Indians from high public office in India. He writes that the Empire's hold over our school them should be one of affection, and that that affection is won by allowing the Indians into the highest offices of the Strategy, Empire. He writes that excluding Indians from high office would remove the incentive for Indians to educate themselves along British standards. Without such an essay beautify, education their civilization would sink still further. Outreach? He concludes that British rule should be maintained permanently in India so that the process of Anglicisation and civilisation may continue until Britain 'shall in time so far improve the character of our Indian subjects as to i what am i enable them to Outreach Strategy govern and protect themselves'. Essay Friend Need Friend? Document Number 7, Thomas Babington MacCaulay Sppech on the Government of India: Thomas MacCaulay reiterates Thomas Munro's earlier argument that Indians should be admitted to all of the high offices of India so that this incentive might help raise the general character of the Indians. MacCaulay draws on divine providence in his explanation of the British object in India. He writes: 'we shall never consent to . stupify and Strategy, paralyse a great people who God has committed to our charge '. MacCaulay considers that the essay beautify our school, civilizing mission in India can only add to Britain's honour. he concludes by epitomizing his and Thomas Munro's argument that the Outreach, 'empire is the imperishable empire of our arts and our morals, our literature and our laws'.

Document 8, William Huskisson Speech on suggested, moving for a select committee on the civil government if Canada: William Huskisson attacks the feeling in Parliament that the empire must pay its own way and bring some material benefit to Outreach the Home Islands. He argues that Britain has a duty to her subjects and essay, not the other way around; that Britain has formed numerous colonies in her own image and that abandoning these colonies of Englishmen [indistinguishable from themselves] would be 'an indelible disgrace'. He attacks these men as 'Little Englanders' and appeals to their patriotism by invoking Britain's civlizing mission to the world. Document 9, Edward Gibbon Wakefield: In this document, Mr. Wakefiled describes the anarchic British settlement of New Zealand and the problem of dis-honourable settlers run riot over the natives. His solution is to send the Strategy, islands a Bishop in order to supervise the difference between and report, settlers. Document Ten: Sir Thomas Foxwell Buxton, Report of the Parliamentary Select Committee on Aborigines (British Settlements): Sir Thomas first accepts that it is right and just for Britain to find new outlets for the surplus population of the Home Islands. However with this right comes the duty to supervise that colonisation in order to check an evil as great as slavery - the oppression of the natives of 'barbarous countries'.

The chief reason for their oppression is the distance between the settlers that commit the crimes and the English courts fit to Outreach Strategy punish them. Who Am? Document Eleven: John George Lambton, Earl of Durham, Report on the Affairs of British North America: In this document the Earl of Durham proposes the union of British America into a new nation which would allow the local population to have some say in the government. The proximity of the United States has daily shown the British Americans that enjoy a poorer material life than their southern cousins and this creates a move for separation from the Empire. The only way that this can be countered is through the fostering of national feeling which would give the British Americans 'a country which they would be unwilling to see absorbed even into one more powerful'. The Earl of Durham also finds that many people in the metropole are too ready to leave the security of the British dominion over America to the common ties of affection. Outreach? Document Twelve: Lord Edward Godffrey Smith Stanley, Speech in the House of Commons: Lord Edward Godffrey Smith Stanley, states that while Canada is a military liability to Britain, its commercial and political importance far outweigh this problem. He also writes that if certain Canadian parochials would wish to separate their country from Britain's nominal control, they must consider that while Britain does gain much from Canada, Canada gains far more materially from Britain and thesis, the Imperial connection. Document Thirteen: John Stuart Mill, Principles of Political Economy: John Stuart Mill writes that nations have a duty to colonize the world in order open the resources of the under developed nations to the world and to Strategy the benefit of suggested thesis, all mankind. He notes that while the principle of comparative advantage is generally accepted, a similar principle, applying to labour is rarely considered, 'the exportation of labourers and capital from a place where their productive power is Strategy less to beautify our school a place where it is greater, increases . the Outreach, aggregate produce of the labour and capital of the world'.

Document Fourteen: Richard Cobden, Speech at Manchester: Richard Cobden opposes the military expenditures related to maintaining an empire. He writes that surely the English do not intend to maintain the empire by format and report, this force of arms, and if as some argue, arms are needed to defend trade, then why is Strategy a similar expenditure of the machines of war not needed to ensure the security of the transatlantic trade with the United States. He also argues that the solution to the frequent insurrections by the natives throughout the Empire is for 'civilised men [to] treat savages like men'. Document Fifteen: Richard Cobden, Letters on India: Richard Cobden expresses the fear that like Greece and Rome before her, Britain may be 'corrupted and open essay layout, demoralized' by her Asian Empire. He appears to want to hasten the end of the Raj by removing the Outreach, 'screen' of the British East India Company from the suggested, administration of India, so that Parliament could meditate on the awesome responsibility of governing and civilising more than one hundred million people. Outreach? Document Sixteen: Earl of Rosebery, Speech to university the Leeds Chamber of Outreach, Commerce: The Earl of Rosebery introduces the conflict, term 'Imperial Federation'. Outreach Strategy? The purpose of such a community is to ensure the friend indeed, continued connection between Britain and her dominions. Outreach Strategy? The previous claims that Britain must shoulder the burden of Empire, and that the colonies are a drain on israeli-palestinian conflict questions, her materially and spiritually have given way to the Earl's claim that it is solely because of the Empire that the trade with the Strategy, colonies is so high.

He notes that trade with Australia and its three million inhabitants is the same in open university layout, real numbers as trade with the Outreach Strategy, United States (a liberated colony) and its sixty million inhabitants. Document Seventeen: Benjamin Disraeli, Speech at the Crystal Palace: Disraeli attacks the suggested, 'Little Englanders' and the liberals for their attempts to undermine the Empire. Disraeli claims that if not for Outreach, the devotion and loyalty of the colonies to England, the imperial ties would have been severed. Disraeli finds that the time is right for the consolidation of the Empire into a federation with an difference essay, Imperial Tariff, military, and parliament. Document Eighteen: W.E. Gladstone, England's Mission: Gladstone undermines the Strategy, cause of Imperial federation by calling it a 'superstition equally gross and essay format, mischevious'. Strategy? He again appeals to divine providence and 'England's mission' which appears to israeli-palestinian conflict questions be to create outlets for her surplus population.

The glory of founding these repositories of men is that they are also repositories of English liberty and culture and therefore are bound to her by 'moral and social sympathies' as opposed to the writ and fiat of Downing Street. Document Nineteen: John Bright, Speech on India: John Bright renews the call to administer to India with an Outreach Strategy, eye for its eventual independence along a British model. However he does not appeal to a sense of future glory or 'England's mission' as justification, but instead writes that Britain should 'make amends for the original crime upon which much of friend need friend, our power in India is Outreach Strategy founded'. Document Twenty: John Robert Steeley, The Expansion of England: India for the moment excepted, John Robert Steeley finds that unique aspect of 'Greater Britain' is its shared nationality. He draws the suggested, distinction between the Outreach Strategy, British Empire and questions, this greater British nation which is an enormous agrandisement of the national estate and allows for an Englishmen to travel anywhere on earth and still find himself at home. On a separate point, Steeley writes that the Strategy, Raj has removed from the Indians the native Official class which is essay format and report format necessary for them to have self government. If Britain were to remove herself from India, she would be abandoning it to chaos; therefore, for the good of the Indians (and not for Outreach, the honour of those Englishmen that conquered them) the Raj must continue until the eventual goal of self-government is at who am am i hand. Britain should not delude herself about having won the love of the Indians, because unlike the civilising mission of Rome in Iberia, Britain can offer the Indians only an austere 'cold daylight' to their previous 'warm gorgeous twilight'. Document Twenty-one: Robert Arthur Talbot Gascoyne Cecil, Marquess of Outreach, Salisbury, Speech in the House of Lords: The Marquess of Salisbury admonishes his fellow Lords for failing to take the initiative in essay friend friend indeed, the expansion of the colonies.

He writes that the Outreach, rising walls of protectionism and the advancing colonial frontiers of her competitors are putting Britain at a grave disadvantage. She must therefore act immediately at any chance to win a legacy for conflict essay questions, her grandchildren in fertile places such as Uganda lest such places become part of a German or French legacy. Document Twenty-two: Lord Curzon of Outreach, Kedleston, Speech at Farewell Dinner, Byculla Club, Bombay: Lord Curzon describes the British civil servant in India as someone of the highest moral principles. He writes that these moral principles alone are the university essay, justification for the British presence in India. Document Twenty-three: Lord Milner, Speech to Outreach the Manchester Conservative Club: Lord Milner describes the innumerable benefits bestowed upon Britain by her dominions. These dominions alone will ensure that Britain will remain a great power, just as their absence will ensure her material impoverishment. His slogan, 'One throne, one flag, one citizenship' summarizes his position. Document Twenty-four: Sir Frederick Dealtry Lugard, The Dual Mandate in difference essay format, British Tropical Africa: The author enumerates the responsibility of Outreach, British rulers to the native inhabitants of essay our school, her colonies. This is the first part of the dual mandate in the tropics. As part of that mandate the British must raise the moral stature of the Outreach Strategy, natives and country that they rule; in essay beautify, order to do so the British themselves must maintain the highest of moral standards in order to ensure their prestige and authority. The second part of the mandate is the development of the Outreach, tropical economy so that its resources may be available to all of mankind.

Document Twenty-five: George Bernard Shaw, The Man of Destiny: George Bernard Shaw, speaking through Napoleon expounds upon English hypocrisy. Suggested Thesis? He writes that 'an Englishman does every thing on principle'. GB Shaw writes that an English man's morals are interpreted so as to justify his nation's necessity. Document Twenty-six: J.A. Outreach Strategy? Hobson, Imperialism: A Study: Hobson's is a socialist interpretation of the support and expansion of the British Empire. The author quotes Cecil Rhodes when he said 'Her Majesty's Flag [is] the greatest commercial asset in the world'. Document Twenty-seven: J. Ramsay MacDonald, Labor and the Empire: Ramsay MacDonald derides the character of the men of the colonial service. He complains that they have done their duty in the colonies with the between format, narrowest of Outreach Strategy, minds and have refused to understand the minds of the natives. He lays the blame at a national pride which has degraded into essay racial chauvanism.

Document Twenty-eight: General Jan Christian Smuts, Speech at Banquet given in his honor by member of both Houses of Parliament: General Smuts describes the Empire as a world in itself, or a 'Commonwealth of Nations' rather than an Empire. He writes that while there may be Empires such as India and Outreach, Egypt within this commonwealth, the i what, bonds within it are not those of a traditional empire such as Russia or Rome, but rather ties of affection. Outreach Strategy? For General Smuts, the British Empire, with its foundation in open university essay layout, the Hereditary Monarchy, stands for 'a fuller, a richer, and more various life among all the nations that compose it'. Document Twenty-nine: Clement R. Outreach Strategy? Atlee, The Labour Party in Perspective: Clement Atlee states that the who am i what am i, two pillars of the Labour party's policy for the Empire are 'self government' and 'socialisation'. Outreach? The first pillar involves allowing for self-government where it is who am i what am i essay possible, and where it is Strategy not possible, formally recognizing the colonies as mandates within the League of nations structure. By opening the colonies for inspection by the League of Nations, the Labour Party intended to ensure that the League accepted some of the responsibility for defending the colonies, thus taking some of the pressure off of the British military. The second pillar is less defined. The only who am i what, concrete proposal of Outreach, Atlee's is to suggested thesis turn over the control of the 'means of production' in the colonies to the League of Nations.

Criminology 135 Assignment Three Robert Jago 200015294 In his book, Multicultural Citizenship, Will Kymlicka expounds upon Outreach the basis of the collective rights of the several types of difference format format, groups that make up Canada. He claims that there are first and foremost the two founding nations; This primary grouping is Outreach Strategy composed of the descendants of the colonizers who created the state in their image. This primary group founded the state with their conceptions of rights and privileges in essay friend, mind. Kymlicka states that these two founding groups are rightfully afforded every chance at self-government. Together with the founders there are immigrants, or 'New Canadians'. Outreach Strategy? Immigrants and other non-primary (or non-founding) groups do not share in the primary groups' rights. These non-primary groups have no legitimate or just claims to have separate self-governing institutions. Most importantly, these non-primary groups have no moral right whatsoever to have their cultures or languages recognized in an official capacity. The reason that the non-primary groups do not hold the same types of nationality rights as the primary groups is because they voluntarily surrendered their rights as a distinct people by emigrating to an established state and suggested thesis, society. Strategy? The duty of New Canadians is to essay our school assimilate themselves into the dominant society.

The hundreds of Aboriginal peoples that inhabit Canada poses a different sort of rights than either the founders or the immigrants do. Because aboriginal or 'native' Canadians are part of in Canada because of force, they continue to possess the same nationality rights that any other sovereign people posses. Native rights were never surrendered voluntarily, therefore they continue to exist. It is should be noted that all individuals, regardless of Outreach Strategy, their group affiliation [or lack thereof], have certain 'natural rights' such as the freedom of speech and assembly and of life, liberty and difference between format and report, property. As sovereign peoples, aboriginals continue to have the right to their own justice system. They have a right to conscript people, they have a right to execute people and so on and so forth. They also have a right to be un-democratic; the rights of peoples and nations have long been recognized as entirely separate from the natural rights of individuals. With it decided that aboriginal nations continue to posses a broad range of nationality rights, the Outreach, main question at hand is between and report format whether or not they should exercise any of these rights. A further question is what is the duty of the Canadian state, if any, to aboriginal individuals, who have a legal status as native and, Canadian citizens. A further question is, should non-status natives, who in Outreach Strategy, many respects are similar to new Canadians, be considered part of this equation. To begin to answer these questions there needs first to be a summary of the state of affairs for natives in the criminal justice system.

It is commonly agreed that the central problem behind much native crime is substance abuse , whether that be heroin on beautify our school, the streets of Vancouver, Alcohol in Outreach, the reserves of Saskatchewan, or gasoline and glue in the shanties of Labrador. On some reserves, alcohol is responsible for 95% of crime, with nearly 100% of the adult population involved in some way or other. Furthermore, this alcohol abuse leads to a disproportionate amount of violent crime including spousal and child abuse - both of which may lead to further cycles of family violence. Outside of friend friend indeed, reserves, natives are disproportionately represented in violent crime and drug related crime as well as domestic violence. Natives comprise between 8 and 68 percent of the provincial prison populations, well beyond their share of the population. There are numerous reasons why natives come into constant conflict with the law. One such reason for native conflict with the law is what can be termed, 'a problem of policing'. Several studies have shown that white police officers are more likely to deal with a complaint involving white people without recourse to Outreach Strategy arrest. When these same white police officers come into similar conflicts with native or black individuals they are more likely to resort to arrest. One response to this problem of policing is to hire native police officers to serve in areas with large native populations.

However, by enlisting natives to police natives one can be said to be pandering to racial biases; it is not dissimilar from enlisting whites to police whites, blacks to police blacks, and difference essay and report format, so forth - it is at best an unsettling proposal. Furthermore, besides the task of making such a proposal socially acceptable there is Strategy a growing body of evidence which shows that the racial biases that native police officers would have may not necessarily benefit natives. In a study regarding the use of deadly force in the United States, it was found that black officers were just as likely to difference format shoot black suspects as were white officers. Outreach Strategy? It was hypothesized that there was both an institutional and conflict essay, meta-cultural bias against black men and many police officers had this bias, regardless of their own colour. This may also hold true for Strategy, natives. Natives have traditionally been under valued in white society and this view may have been internalized by natives. The internalization of colonialism and the affectations of it is apparent in Verdun-Jones and Griffiths' text.

They imply that there is a single native society with traditional communal values and that is based on consensus. Each of those assertions is absurd. Native societies are extremely diverse and any unifying aspects are the product of colonialism- something that the authors blame for the high rates of criminality amongst natives. Traditional native society in British Columbia was not based on communal property in the current sense, but was based on clan or familial property that was viciously guarded. There was no peace amongst the first nations of British Columbia. Essay Indeed? Crime fighting in pre-contact societies more often involved physical violence than consensus and 'community healing'. Outreach? As for communities as they exist today, they are the direct products of colonialism.

Natives never had an egalitarian society with equal justice for all as each type of criminal reform listed in the text holds as an friend, axiom. Traditional native society in British Columbia was supported upon a superstructure of slavery, violence and the absolute rights of private and family property. In order to Outreach Strategy solve the difference between essay and report, problems of native communities there must be a whole hearted acceptance of some aspects of European culture. There must be a recognition of the pillars of common law. There must be a recognition of the formal, legal equality of men ,women, and Strategy, foreigners.

There must be a recognition of the right to confront accused, there must be a statute of limitations, a right of appeal, and all of the basic rights regarding the use of evidence. Before any major reforms can be undertaken there needs to be a recognition that each level of government has some specific responsibilities with regard to natives. The native governments themselves have a responsibility first and who am essay, foremost for Strategy, preserving native culture and civilization [the term is here used loosely]. The federal governments under their fiduciary responsibility [held by the crown under section 22] have a duty to between format and report format native individuals. These dual roles are enshrined in the Charter of Rights and Strategy, Freedoms. What these roles mean for justice reform is that each government holds a separate interest and who am i what am i, must guard this interest in any decision regarding reforms. This does impinge upon the inherent and moral right of sovereignty that the various native nations hold, but there are some political realities that supercede these rights and one of them is that native Canadians are - in the least - the bearers of dual loyalties , national or ethnic and political. Outreach Strategy? The first loyalty is to their own racial government, and the second is to thesis the civil government in Ottawa. With regard to justice reforms, these separate roles do come into conflict. There has been at Strategy least one case brought before the courts on Vancouver Island regarding the excesses of community justice. Essay? One man who had become known for drinking and behaving irresponsibly while living in Victoria, was kidnapped under the order of his community's native elders, and with the consent of his family, conscripted into a traditional native healing ceremony.

If the interests of the community had prevailed we would have heard little of this case. However, the Outreach Strategy, man in question exercised his rights as a Canadian citizen and invoked the difference format format, charter against the community that unlawfully attacked him. The men that took him on community orders and Strategy, beat him into sobriety were charged with kidnapping and assault, much to the consternation of essay, his family and community. The federal government also has a duty to Outreach protect the community at large - that is to say, white Canada from dangerous individuals regardless of race or nationality. Need Friend? Certain offenses such as forcible rape have recently been treated differently if they had been committed by a native. Because of the harsh realities of the residential schools, many natives were sexually abused and have begun to act this out on other people, through forcible rape, or child abuse et. al.. Outreach? Any federal actions in justice reform must therefore take these many factors into consideration. First and foremost is the right of natives to have their own justice system. Second is the general issue of accountability and democracy enshrined in the Charter of Rights and Freedoms. Third, their is the fiduciary responsibility to native individuals, coupled with the Peace Order and who am, Good Government related duties of the government to ensure public safety and the general welfare of the non-native populace.

The various native governments have one sole concern on this issue and that is advancing their national self interest. It is an Outreach, affront to the dignity of a sovereign nation to have their nationals arrested, tried and imprisoned in a foreign justice system. The most powerful regular exercise of state power is the ability of the state to arrest, try , and essay friend need, detain its wayward citizens. Strategy? The native governments, if they are to act as real nations do, need this 'big stick' in open, order to survive and rebuild. The nationalization of the justice system by the Native governments is imperative if they are to legitimately exercise authority over their citizens.. The decision on whether or not there should be a native justice system lay entirely with the federal government. The question before the federal government is, should it devolve, delegate, or maintain its current responsibilities for the administration of justice on the native reserves. One option for the federal government is to create a parallel federal government of natives with the accompanying institutions such as a court and police system. This was proposed in the Royal Commission on Native Peoples. This option is the most contentious.

The rest of Canada is Outreach likely to balk at any form of friend, consociational government between the races. Any new political arrangements with natives should be on a territorial basis, because of Canadian's familiarity with this form of Outreach, governmental responsibility. Another reason for the devolution of justice on a territorial basis is the sheer diversity of native nations. Some native peoples may not wish to accept responsibility for the administration of their own justice system for one reason or another. Perhaps they do not trust the factions within their nations to be able to impartially administer a court and police system. The record to date of native government and policing has shown that impartiality and the independence of the police are far from guaranteed. The purpose for essay indeed, constructing a separate native justice system is to mitigate the harmful effects of colonialism which are responsible for the heightened criminality of natives. While the proposition that colonialism has hurt natives more than it has helped them is Strategy open to question, what must be dealt with here is whether or not a separate court and policing system for open, each native nation will 'heal the wounds' of a century or two of colonial rule. The answer is, yes and no. Outreach? On some reserves or tribes with large enough populations and with the basic tenets of difference between essay, western-liberal justice and democracy established, a justice system would be a welcome step on the road to Outreach becoming full partners in our school, the federation. On reserves here nepotism and ancient class and racial bigotry reign, the addition of the police would be half way towards creation of a police state.

The devolution of Strategy, justice to some native nations would allow for the racialization or nationalization of many high paid and professional jobs. This would immediately give a boost to the native societies. Beyond that, native civilians would benefit from having full access to people of their own race who share their cultural prejudices and traits. Beautify? However, it is unclear if these utopian reserves of rights and democracy and brotherhood exist. The most likely and most beneficial choice the Outreach, federal government could make for natives is to delegate the difference between essay and report format, responsibility for the court system to Outreach them. This would mean the stationing of federal officers on the basis of their race and national origin [presumably native - or more specifically Salish, Tsipsian or whatever] to reserves. Furthermore it would mean the creation of a separate system of circuit or county courts for the reserves that would remain part of the provincial or federal court system. Perhaps this new system could be adjunct to the federal court. Essay Friend Need? A separate layer of the federal or provincial courts that would serve justice on reserves only Strategy, would be halfway between an autonomous paralell native federation, and a native archipelago of four or five hundred justice systems. This final option would have the added benefit of maintaining control of the courts in the Department of Indian Affairs and or justice. The judges would be federally appointed from a separate native court bar [just as there is a Supreme Court bar].

Furthermore the separate level of courts would be acceptable to many non-native Canadians. Israeli-palestinian Conflict? The court would have a specific territorial entity as its jurisdiction and this entity is not composed exclusively of the people of one race. The court would administer justice on the territory of the reserves. Just as the supreme court of the united states refers to the laws of the states of a cases origin when rendering their decisions, the new federal court could refer to the numerous reserve or national laws when rendering its decisions. A native court, a native bar, and native judges, administering local native laws do not necessarily prevent a native man for Outreach Strategy, getting drunk and beating his wife.

The sense of pride at having his own court system is likely to do little as well. What is suggested wrong with the reserves is Strategy a lack of economic opportunity and a lack of between essay and report, order. Economic opportunity is not within the scope of this paper, but order is. If there cannot be a separate federal police force for natives, and if policing cannot be devolved to native governments for Outreach Strategy, fear if giving too much power to too many corrupt regimes, then what is to be done with the police? A separate police division of the RCMP has been tried and has failed. What could work is a piece meal response that would have capable reserves with their own police forces and lesser reserves with a force of specially trained RCMP subject to local police boards. This would be coupled with a native court sensitive to coerced evidence, police prejudices and open university essay layout, differential use of the arresting power. The separate layers of policing may cut down on many of the unnecessary arrest of Outreach, natives as well as allow people to have more confidence in the police and call them before a domestic disturbance turns violent. This would likely take care of suggested, many of the problems of order on the reserves. The courts would both serve as a support for the new policing system and Strategy, act as a booster of national pride. With the question of difference format and report, law and order on the reserves out Outreach, of the way, there is the question of extra-territoriality and the Metis and non-status natives .The key component of between format, any separate system of justice should be that it is Outreach Strategy based on territorial distinctions.

That is the only practical way of administering justice and open layout, selling justice to Strategy a population of fair weather egalitarians like the Canadians . The Metis where they have their own territories should be allowed to be part of the beautify, native court and policing systems. Status natives living off reserve should have no recourse to the native courts if their crime was not committed on reserve. Because the court are founded on a territorial basis they have a limited exclusive jurisdiction. Non-status natives have voted with their feet in the same way that all immigrants have, and they have opted out of native national life, the reserve police and Outreach Strategy, court system should not apply to them. Beautify? While natives should have no access to the reserve court system if they are not physically on a reserve they still will have problems with criminality. The only Strategy, feasible solution for thesis, urban natives is to have regular police officers of native ancestry in areas with large native populations. Besides that, all that can be done is mandatory awareness campaigns for the police, crown counsel and judges. Such training would focus on Outreach Strategy, the rules of evidence and friend need friend indeed, the differential use of the discretionary power by police and by prosecutors which has resulted in discrimination against natives. The presence of native police officers on the 'native beat' might allow people of native ancestry to feel more comfortable with the officers and to come to them with problems earlier.

Native police officers may treat people of their own race better than people of an Outreach, other race and deal with the former's problems out of court. While this beneficial racial is both unsettling and less than a certainty ,the presence of native police officers in disturbances amongst natives could in the least diffuse the format, situation and turn it from a racial confrontation to one merely of the police and a criminal. It is an uncomfortable conclusion to come to, however, it has been arrived at here. A separate Native court system, based on territory is the best means possible to correct the ill effects of the colonial experience. Because white-Canada has shown that it is unlikely to accept any system based solely on race and nationality - a separate native court system that would be open to Outreach all the natives of Canada is not politically feasible. Our School? A territorial division of power is common in Outreach, Canada, and the extension of this division of powers to natives -while contentious- is not an who am i what am i, impossibility. Outreach Strategy? If such a court was kept as an adjunct to the federal court, and had a narrow jurisdiction over israeli-palestinian essay the reserves only, it could correct some of the ill effects of the colonial legacy - at least on the reserves.

However many Natives do not live on reserve, though they do share in the stigma of being native. Outreach? Because white police officers, prosecutors, and judges, have been shown to discriminate against i what essay natives. Outreach Strategy? The evidence shows that native police officers may be as likely to discriminate against natives as are white police. I What Am I? The best possible solution is the recruitment of native police officers for areas with high native populations in the hope that they would in the least encourage natives to Outreach report crime amongst themselves more readily than they do with white officers. In order to deal with some of the discrimination, there also needs to be a sensitivity program to include the police, judges, and prosecutors. While these solutions fall far short of what is needed to solve the problem of native criminality, it is the farthest one can politically go in Canada toward a solution. Crim201: Canada?s sexual assault laws were, until recently, based in the customary tradition of the essay and report, United Kingdom. That tradition in itself is Strategy based on more ancient traditions. The common thread to most if not all sexual assault laws throughout history has been their exclusion of the essay format format, martial relationship as a possible venue for sexual assault.

The first proposed laws on sexual assault in this study originate in classical Athens. This law was not specifically a rape law, but rather dealt with justifiable homicide. Drafted by Strategy, Plato, it stated that: The man who forcibly violates a free woman or boy shall be slain with impunity by the person thus violently outraged, or by his father, or brother and sons . And should a man discover his wedded wife being violated, he shall be guiltless if he kills the suggested, violator (Cohen 1993, p.8). Outreach Strategy? This law protects both men and women from essay friend friend indeed, sexual assault ? which is something that Canadian law did not achieve until 1983. This law still does not protect a spouse from Outreach Strategy, rape by am i essay, his or her partner. Outreach? It is also important to draw attention to whom the offense is being committed against.

It is stated that if a man discovers ?his? wife being raped, he may respond with deadly force. The act itself is not committed against the wife but against the husband?s possession. The next law comes from the Roman Empire. Unlike Athenian and Canadian law, this law provides for the possibility of a woman committing rape. Also, unlike Athenian and thesis, early American law, rape or ?lewd advances? could be committed against a slave(Russell 1975, p.13). If anyone makes lewd advances, be it a man or a woman, freeborn or freed, he will be liable for the outrage and even if an attempt is made on the chastity of a slave, this too is deemed to be an outrage (Justinian ca 550, p. 166). This law is a codification of earlier Roman law. Among the key points to note about the Strategy, law is that it falls within the realm of tort. Sexual assault at this early stage was only a concern for between essay format, the state if it was committed by a slave.

It is also important to note that the terms used in this law are not specifically inclusive of Outreach Strategy, husbands and wives. No provision existed for the prosecution of rape within marriage. Marriage in essay, the middle ages was, until 1180, an Outreach Strategy, object of contention. While in Rome there were several ways in which one could be married, with different social and legal ramifications (Kolbert 1979, pp.54-57), in Europe Pope Alexander III decreed that there should be but one (Brundage 1993, pp.247-248). Thesis? The Pope ruled that marriage began after an Outreach, agreement to university marry had been consummated (Ibid. p.248). In several cases involving leprosy, the Pope ruled that because the Strategy, marriage had been consummated, one spouse had a duty to go with the stricken spouse to the leposarium where he will ?give her sexual solace on demand? or where she will provide him with ?marital affection? (Ibid. Beautify? p.249). An emphasis should be put on the term ?consummated?. Outreach Strategy? By the essay beautify, 13th century it had been generally agreed that two sorts of rights existed in Outreach Strategy, marriage(Ibid. p.251). The first set were created with the agreement to marry, and those involved the marital rights such as property. The second set of rights were sexual rights or ?implied consent?.

These second rights were created when the couple consummated their marriage. A 14th century court ruling shows that, while the marital rights could be dissolved by separation, these sexual rights were permanent: We hold the defendant bound to pay the conjugal debt to the plaintiff in her father?s house one night each week and to keep this obligation faithfully, until we shall order otherwise (Brundage, p.252). The marital debt was a very real and enforceable debt throughout the middle ages. By most definitions (positivists excepted), what the court ordered in that case was a weekly, scheduled rape. This practice continued throughout the middle ages. Rape could only be committed by a man against a free woman(Wemple 1993, p.229). Punishments usually involved a fine which varied depending on the amount of israeli-palestinian questions, force used (5 solidi for abduction and rape, 8 more solidi if he used a sword). A common punishment for a man who committed rape was that he must pay the Strategy, offended family the bride-price. If she consented to sex, the price was reduced by one third. Consent was the property of the father or brothers, and sexual assault was an offence against their property (Ibid.).

Other punishments for rape included enslavement to the offended family (if the offender was a servant or only friend friend indeed, half free), and death if the offender had the audacity to flee to a church (Ibid.). Rape in Strategy, the United Kingdom is a more puzzling affair. While it is commonly accepted that these mediaeval laws persisted, there is some evidence to the contrary. The doctrine on common law and marital rape was stated explicitly in the 1275 and suggested thesis, 1285 Statutes of Westminster Johnson and Sigler 1997, p11). This was reiterated by the 17th century judge Sir Mathew Hale. Strategy? He stated that ?the wife hath given up herself in this kind unto her husband which she cannot retract? (Hall 1984, p.xvi).

He based his judgement on ?ancient common law doctrine?. While the Athenian, Roman, and Papal law cited above does suggest that Sir Mathew was factually accurate, he may not have been technically correct. Common law is an organic law which changes with each judicial ruling. These rulings are able to overturn legal doctrines such as the kind described in this paper so far. In 1631 a man was convicted in England of raping his wife (Hall, p.xvi). This suggests that perhaps, ?ancient common law doctrine? had long since been overturned by the time that Sir Mathew got to it. Nevertheless it persisted unchanged until it was transferred to Canada in the 18th century. In 1800, the laws of England such as they were on September 17th, 1792, became Canadian laws. This was accomplished with the Act for the Further Introduction of English Criminal Law into Upper Canada (Garley 1989, p.26).

These laws were ineffective. Between 1840 and 1892, in Ontario, there were 228 rape prosecutions and 49 convictions (Ibid. pp. 29-30). Suggested Thesis? By the late 1800?s the absurdity inherent in Sir Mathew Hale?s proclamation became evident. In R. v. Clarence, the Strategy, courts decided that while a husband had the right to sexual intercourse with his wife, he could not enforce that right by using force(anon. 2000). The implied consent or the ?sexual rights? were no longer considered to be absolute: Subsequent decisions restricted Hale's proposition to i what am i essay situations where husband and wife enjoyed ordinary relations between them, thus exposing abusive husbands to prosecution for rape where they were judicially separated or where the wife had initiated divorce proceedings and had been granted a decree nisi (Ibid.). The law continued to crumble throughout the 20th century. In 1935, Southern Australia allowed for the conviction (albeit under exceptionally violent circumstances) of a husband for Strategy, raping his wife.

In 1965, New Zealand permitted for the prosecution of husbands for raping their wives when a decree nisi was in place. Scotland barred spousal rape altogether in 1989, and open university essay, England followed suit in 1991 (Ibid.). Canadian rape law throughout this period changed only once. While the absolute sexual rights that were referred to Outreach Strategy in the need, mediaeval period and reinforced by Sir Mathew Hale did not survive the start of the twentieth century, the formal law still remained in place. It was not until 1983 that the law shielding a husband from a rape prosecution by his wife passed into history. Strategy? The law as it stood in 1927, and i what essay, titled ?Unlawful Carnal Knowledge? reads as follows: 298. Rape is the Strategy, act of a man having carnal knowledge of a woman who is not his wife without her consent, or with consent which has been extorted by threats or fear of bodily harm, or obtained by essay beautify our school, personating the woman?s husband, or by Outreach, false and university essay, fraudulent representations as to the nature and quality of the act. [emphasis mine] (R.S., 1927, 289, p.87) By 1980, this law remained unchanged(Tremeear?s 1980 Criminal Code 143, p.61). A rape by definition could not be committed by a husband against his wife. While the absolute sexual right in perpetuity had ceased to Strategy exist, the right was maintained in existing marriages though it was grounds for divorce. The result of these laws was the gross under reporting of rape. It was not simply because many women believed that their attackers would not be punished, but it is that many women did not believe that an attack had taken place (Russell, p.134).

Furthermore, because the state had for so long assumed that a husband had a right to his wife?s body, many wives had accepted and adapted to the situation. For a woman to see her husband as a rapist and to continue to live with him is often too difficult. Many are too dependent on their husbands for economic, social, and psychological reasons to essay leave. One solution for these women is not to see forcible intercourse as rape. Another more common adaptation is to give up the right to say no, to be always sexually available, regardless of Strategy, her wishes (Rusell 1975, p.71). Women?s poor economic and social status had allowed for suggested, their continued use as sexual objects. Outreach? The law reflected this.

It is a truism to state that Canada is a patriarchal society. There are reasons why this is so easily said, and the law prior to 1983 is one of them. However, the law did change. With bill c-127 (1983) the law expanded to include spousal sexual assaults as part of its jurisdiction (Boritch, pp.234-235). Open Essay? Possibly because of this and reforms to the rules of evidence, the number of reported sexual assaults rose dramatically.

However, while half of all women in Canada will be the victims of sexual assault in their lives (Ontario Woman?s Directorate 2000) only 6 percent of these women will report that assault to the authorities (Boritch 1997, p.213 and p.224). Strategy? R. v. White (1-24 C.C.C. 3d,) is an example of a crime that would not have been prosecuted prior to the 1983 reforms. R. v. White is a 1986 case, brought before the British Columbia Court of Appeal. The accused (White) was married to the victim, but they were estranged (Ibid., p.1).

The victim returned home one night to find the accused wearing surgical gloves and holding a pillow. She screamed, at which point he put the pillow over her face, and then covered her mouth with a bandage that wrapped around her head. Our School? He then beat her, threatened to murder her, and then after a long discussion, she went into the bedroom, where she was raped (Ibid., p.1). Before I continue, I should add that the actions described were perfectly legal until very recently. The accused claimed that the Outreach, discussion led him to believe that his wife had consented to sex. He stated that he believed that sex was an attempt at reconciliation. The issue at hand in R. v. White is whether his mistaken belief that his wife consented is a valid defense. While the appeal of his conviction was dismissed, the fact that it went to israeli-palestinian trial is significant. If he had engaged in the identical activity three years earlier, he would have committed no crime. The signal difference between the law as it stands today and the law is it stood prior to 1983, was the fact that wives are no longer considered to Strategy be the possession of israeli-palestinian essay questions, their husbands.

Sexual assault by intimates including spouses comprises 38 percent of all sexual assaults in Canada (Ontario Women?s Directorate). Outreach? However, while 6 percent of the total number of sexual assaults are reported to police, only 1 percent of these sexual assaults by intimates are reported (Ibid.). Several reasons for this lack of reporting are provided in who am i what am i essay, surveys. Outreach? One major reason for not reporting sexual assaults by intimates is that the nature of the relationship may lead authorities to essay suspect that there really was consent. Furthermore, many women may not view a sexual assault by a husband or boyfriend as such. They may internalize the Outreach, blame and say such things as, ?what did you think he wanted,? ?you drank with him didn't you,? or ?you should have expected something like this to happen.?(Ibid.).

In a search through fifty editions of Canadian Criminal Cases, I found only one case of spousal rape that was prosecuted. The vast majority of sexual assault prosecutions continue to be for open university, assaults by strangers, on young women. Outreach Strategy? Prior rape and sexual assault laws sought to difference and report format protect the chastity of the same class of young women from sexual predator. The purpose was to defend men?s property. A look at which rapes are prosecuted shows that this is still the case. Sexual assault law has existed since the time of Plato. Outreach? The point of that law, and essay, nearly every law that succeeded it was, in Outreach Strategy, the case of women, not to protect them as victims, but to protect their husbands, brothers, or fathers as guardians. Sexual assault law developed slowly through the mediaeval period, and i what am i, followed the development of marriage and spousal property. Outreach Strategy? While in the Roman Empire, a woman was a free citizen with the rights to dispose of beautify, her property, and enter into free contracts, in the mediaeval period, she was a possession to be transferred for a price from father to husband.

The mediaeval period saw the development of the principle of a ?sexual right? that comes into existence with the consummation of a marriage. This right was so absolute as to allow the Strategy, authorities to friend indeed order a former wife to submit to a weekly scheduled rape. As this law came to England it was formalized in the 1275 and 1285 Statutes of Westminster. These confirmed a husband?s right to have sex with his wife, whenever he chose. In 1800, these laws came to Canada. For more than a century , the absolute and unbreakable sexual rights remained unchallenged. By the start of the 20th century, they were slowly chipped away at. A husband lost the absolute right to rape his wife even after they divorced. This right was confined to a marriage where ?ordinary relations? persisted. This law stood until 1983.

With bill c-127, the sexual assault laws were finally expanded to include violence within a marriage. However, regardless of the new law, few reports of spousal rapes are made. The reasons for Outreach Strategy, this are numerous, but the most troubling is the difference between essay format, belief by many wives, that what happened was not an assault. It is not until this last problem of Strategy, internalized blame is dealt with that two millennia of reforms can have any real deterrent value. Bibliography Annonymous (2000). The Historical Development of the Offense of Rape. http:canadiancrimanallaw.com/articles/srticles/rape.htm.

Boritch, Helen. Fallen Women: Female Crime and Criminal Justice in Canada, ITP Nelson (Toronto: 1997). University? Brundage, James A. Implied Consent to Intercourse pp. 245-256, Consent and Coercion to Sex and Marriage in Ancient and Medieval Societies, Angelika E. Laiou ed., Dumbarton Oaks Research Library Collection, (Washington, D.C.: 1993). Cohen, David. Consent and Sexual Relations in Classical Athens pp. 5-16, Consent and Coercion to Sex and Marriage in Ancient and Medieval Societies, Angelika E. Laiou ed., Dumbarton Oaks Research Library Collection, (Washington, D.C.: 1993).

The Criminal Code and Outreach, Other Selected Statutes of Canada, Edmond Cloutier (Ottawa: 1948). Garley, Kenneth David William. Essay Friend Need Friend Indeed? A Trust Betrayed: Sexual Assault in Dating/Courtship Relations and the Response of the Canadian Criminal Justice System. Simon Fraser University (Burnaby, B.C.:1989). Hall, Ruth and Outreach Strategy, Selma James and Judit Kertesz, The Rapist Who Pays the Rent, Falling Wall Press (Bristol : 1984). Johnson, Ida M. and Robert Sigler, Forced Sexual Intercourse in Intimate Relationships, Ashgate-Dartmouth (Aldershot:1997). Beautify? Justinian (trans.) (circa 550) The Digest of Roman Law: Theft, Rapine, Dammage and Insult, C.F. Kolbert ed..Penguin Books (Middlesex, England: 1979) Ontario Women?s Directorate (2000). Sexual Assault Dispelling the Outreach Strategy, Myths. http:www.womanabuseprevention.com/html/sexual_assault.html. R. v. White (1986), Canadian Criminal Cases, 1-24 C.C.C. (3d) Russell, Diana E.H., The Politics of Rape:The Victim?s Perspective, Stein and Day Publishers (New York: 1975).

Treemar?s 1980 Criminal Code and Miscellaneous Statutes, The Carswell Company ltd. (Toronto: 1980). Wemple, Suzanne F. Consent and Dissent to essay Sexual Intercourse in Germanic Societies from the Fifth to Outreach the Tenth Century pp. 227-244, Consent and Coercion to Sex and Marriage in Ancient and Medieval Societies, Angelika E. Laiou ed., Dumbarton Oaks Research Library Collection, (Washington, D.C.: 1993). Feminist Crim. Suggested? When the words ?women? and ?crime? are spoken, the first two words to come to many minds are ?sexual assault?. According to most statistics, more than half of all women in Outreach Strategy, Canada will be the victims of sexual assault in their lives (Ontario Woman?s Directorate 2000). In some segments of the population that number rises to 83 percent (Ibid.). While these numbers are high, the numbers of open university essay, convictions for Outreach, sexual assault are not.

According to information presented by Helen Boritch, 10 percent of women can expect to be sexually assaulted in any given year, while only 6 percent of open university, these women will report that assault to the authorities (Boritch 1997, p.213 and p.224) . There is a very large discrepency of numbers. The vast majority of sexual assaults go unreported. The vast majority of sexual assaults are committed by someone the victim knows (Ibid. pp.212-213). Perhaps the reason that so many sexual assaults go unreported is because of this overriding fact (Ontario Woman?s Directorate). Sexual assault within families was until recently legal in Canada.

The thinking went as such: The husband cannot be guilty of Strategy, rape committed by himself upon conflict his lawful wife, for Strategy, by their mutual matrimonial consent and contract the wife hath given up herself in this kind unto her husband which she cannot retract (Hall, James and Kertesz 1984, p.20). Essay? The authorities believed that common law provided for the lawful rape of Outreach Strategy, a wife by suggested thesis, her husband. While this is a patently false proposition, by Outreach Strategy, the 18th century, it had become the official line (Ibid. p.xvi). I didn?t feel that I had been raped. I felt more that I was stupid because I went out with a white fraternity guy. ..so I blamed myself for going out with him. Also I didn?t think of it as rape because I knew him and because I consented to suggested go. At the time I thought rape was a man coming out Outreach, of the bushes and attacking you, so somebody you knew couldn?t rape you (Russell 1975, p.134). For a woman to essay beautify see her husband as a rapist and to continue to live with him is often too difficult. Many are too dependent on their husbands for economic, social, and psychological reasons to leave. One solution for Strategy, these women is open essay layout not to see forcible intercourse as rape. Another more common adaptation is to Outreach Strategy give up the right to thesis say no, to be always sexually available, regardless of her wishes (Rusell 1975, p.71).

Crim (Deviancy) : Is there a point in my life when I considered myself to be deviant, or others considered me to Strategy be deviant? If so, how was the situation resolved? People are always telling me that I am ?weird?. I disagree with them. I believe that I am one of the least deviant people I know. I am very old fashioned though, so maybe that?s why I get the weird label. Nevertheless, there are few times in my life when I consider myself to be a ?deviant?. My self-concept appears to difference between essay format format follow a dialectical pattern. I consider myself to be part of a group, and identify with that group and its values. I increasingly find myself uncomfortable with some of the things which that group does or talks about.

At some point an incident occurs, and I become isolated from the group. I then identify with a new group, and the process starts over. In other words, my membership in Outreach, the first group can be considered a thesis. I What Am I Essay? The thesis consists of that group?s world-view, which I share in. The crisis is the antithesis, it is the stage at Outreach which the cognitive dissonance that occurred within the thesis comes out into the open. Difference Between And Report? Finally the Strategy, new group is the synthesis.

In the synthesis, the world-view that I held in the thesis group is largely gone, as are the troubles of the antithesis. Essay Our School? The most memorable dialectical shift in my life occurred in 1990-1991. In 1990, I was part of the dominant white clique at my junior high school, in suburban Richmond. While everyone had got along in elementary school, we all divided along racial lines when we got to high school. The Chinese kids all went and spent time together, and even the Chinese kids that could not speak Chinese, went. The East-Indian kids did as the Chinese did, and the white kids followed suit. There was not anything malicious about any of Strategy, it. Well, that is not entirely true.

Much of our time in the white group was spent making fun of kids in the East Indian and Chinese groups. However, we were not entirely racist, all the black kids in difference format and report format, our school were part of our group. Outreach? Our group had their own ?territory?, drama and between format, the arts were ours, as well as physical education, while we gave the East-Indian kids shop class, and the Chinese kids, computer science. Strategy? The rest of the beautify our school, classes were required, so we could not split them up as easily, though we did manage some how. By 1990, I was firmly ensconced in this group. I had few complaints about it, I am quite good at making fun of people, so I was a valuable asset to the collective. In the summer of Strategy, 1990, an incident happened which upset my place within the group. Open Essay? On July 11th of that year, a group of armed Mohawks got into a shooting war with the Quebec provincial police.

My group hated French immersion kids, so it seemed obvious to me which side we would come down on. I did not worry. Much to my surprise, the general attitude among the Outreach Strategy, white kids was that the government should send in tanks, and get rid of the ?Indians?. Beautify Our School? It had not occurred to Outreach me until that point that I am half-?Indian?. My family came down firmly on the side of the Mohawks. Most of my male cousins who were old enough went off to join one blockade or another, and at least one got himself sent to prison for his troubles. We went out to the reserve more often. Previously we had gone there for the winter ceremonies, or for questions, birthday parties. This time we were going out there to ?plan things?. Back at home amongst my friends, I found myself increasingly isolated. I got into more and more fights, both verbal and physical.

People that had been part of my group ? though not friends per se, walked past me like they did not know me. I started spending time with the black kids and the girls, and while they were not as overtly racist as the white boys, they were still racist. Young boys tend not to hide things, while young girls ? at least in that group- seem to believe that in order to be ?nice? it is Outreach Strategy their duty to open hide their opinions. Outreach Strategy? By the suggested, end of the summer I found myself completely shut out of the white group. I was the one of only Strategy, two native kids at my school, so there was no chance of joining the native clique. The other native kid had lighter skin, so he began to pretend that he was Italian. I would say that ?I can?t blame him? but in reality I hated him and consider him to be a two-faced traitor. I spent more time on the reserve and with my younger cousins. With them, all the anger that had developed from being isolated could be vented destructively. It was o.k. in open layout, that group to Outreach hate the police and the government.

It was o.k. to i what essay through rocks at police cars and buildings as well as other things that can not be mentioned here. In fact, not only was it o.k. amongst the new clique, but it was accepted and approved of by the adults around us. The point at which I switched allegiances entirely from Outreach Strategy, white society to native society was at a family barbecue. The barbecue was at an uncle?s house. He was on the white side of my family. Everyone at the barbecue was white but me. Most of them were family, though there were a few family friends there. My parents stayed at home. That day happened to be the between essay format, same day that the army advanced on Outreach, native positions around Montreal.

Raw footage of the attack was broadcast on i what am i essay, live television. I was glued to the news, and was very upset. I asked everyone else to Outreach Strategy come see what was happening. Because they were family I assumed that they would take my side. The group became very upset too, but at the natives.

One of my uncles friends went on a rant and started saying that all those ?Indians? want out of the crisis is money to buy liquor. That is amongst the more polite things that he said. Need Indeed? I noticed that several of my aunts and uncles agreed with him. My grandparents refused to Strategy say a word in my defense. I What Am I? When I did open my mouth to yell at him and give him the usual ?shpeel? about oppression et. al., I was hushed up. I got up, and Outreach Strategy, left. I walked home from there and told my parents. Difference? My father (he is very white) got into a loud argument over the phone with my uncle and my grandparents.

My mother yelled at me for going to the barbecue in the first place. It was after the barbecue that I decided that I would completely abandon ?white? culture in favor of native (Salish) culture, and religion. In a pique of melodrama I went to the living room and threw my bible and Strategy, little plastic Canadian flag into the fireplace. I have since changed since then, I know have a European wife, and white friends, and while I am no Christian, I certainly would not burn a perfectly good bible today. However, I still align myself with the native cause, and beautify, have abandoned any pretenses of Canadian citizenship. It is Outreach Strategy difficult to who am am i essay understand which theory of deviancy applied to me in that situation. Perhaps demonology applied to me, I did become a heathen, though that was after the fact (Gomme, p.41). If I was not possessed by the dark forces of the ?fallen one?, maybe I was the product of my environment (Ibid., p.43). However, my environment was a townhouse complex which was at least one quarter Jewish, and was smack in the center of suburban Vancouver. If environment played any role in my formation, I would have joined the Lion?s Club, or become a Freemason.

Two theories of deviance hold the most possibility for explaining my situation. The first is Outreach Strategy containment theory. Containment theory is the theory of inner and outer forces pushing and pulling someone toward deviance (Ibid., p.81). Between And Report? Gomme writes that: Social forces that push and pull people toward deviant behavior include?membership in an ethnic minority, restricted access to legitimate opportunities (Gomme, p.81). These external social forces included my peers and my extended family. On the one hand, the white side of family, and my white friends ostracized me, and openly attacked me, while on the other hand, the native part of my family, allowed me to Outreach Strategy vent my frustrations, and provided friends, and a ready target for teenage anger. I would also consider that my access to ?legitimate opportunities? was hampered by the activities of the whites around me. By ostracizing me, and making school unpleasant, the essay beautify, whites prevented me from achieving the scholastic success that was due. Outreach Strategy? They also prevented me from pursuing the social relationships that I had established over four or more years. This legitimate frustration sought me to beautify our school seek success in the native community and to attempt to form social bonds with natives.

Internal forces that constrain an individual from deviancy include, ?a positive self-concept, a strong ego, an intense sense of personal responsibility, and a high frustration threshold? (Gomme, p.81). I know for a fact that I had none of these qualities. More often than not, a poor self-concept, and Strategy, weak ego, led me to follow the crowd, and go along with whatever the group told me to do. As for personal responsibility and beautify our school, the ability to be frustrated, I was suspect that I was an average teenager, and Outreach Strategy, therefore, both of these things were absent. Containment theory appears to be a perfect fit. I was pushed into deviancy by the people around me. There are other theories that may be a better fit.

I will discount social control theory, because of its reliance on the concept of deterrence (Ibid., p.89). I do not believe that there was either a general or a specific deterrence factor to suggested thesis being native. Strategy? Up until 1990, being native was an curiosity, like being double jointed; it could be trotted out at parties to impress and entertain people. At that time, there was almost an incentive to be exotic. Incentive does not apply in my case though. Labeling theory has some interesting possibilities. The Oka crisis was an act of primary deviance (Gomme, p.100). If the Canadian State was to defend a burial ground in ? say, France ? from conversion into a golf course, it would be considered to be legitimate. However, because the Mohawks lacked many of the legitimate venues that a Country would have in lobbying another on the international stage, they were forced into an act of violence ? a blockade. Afterwards they were attacked, and difference essay format, used force to defend themselves ? something that any country would do. However because the Mohawk country is not recognized, what they did was considered to be an act of terrorism, and they were punished for it in those terms.

As for me, the primary act of deviance was defending the Mohawks in the Oka crisis. While the majority of Strategy, my peers were attacking the Mohawks, I came to their defense. My first act of defense was primary deviance because it was isolated, and did not result in ?continuous negative social reaction? (Ibid.). Because I did not consider that act of primary deviance to be deviant, I would not be self-identified as a deviant. Gomme writes about what happened next: The application of derogatory labels and the severing of connections to conventional sphere intensify the construction of a deviant identity by forcing the devalued person to seek out others in similar situations who can provide more favorable reflections of the self. (Gomme, p.101). This description matches my situation to a tee. I was labeled as an difference essay format and report format, ?Indian? (trust me, as a native, that is an insult), and my social connections were severed.

I sought out new social situations in which I would be accepted and my anger approved of. Outreach? As I wrote at the start of this paper, I do not consider myself to be a deviant ? in any sense of the term. Labeling theory requires that I identify with my deviance. I do not, and did not. My main goal in life is to who am modernize native society, and help guide it toward independence.

If I accepted native society as it is, I suppose that I could be considered deviant in the labeling theory sense. However, my allegiance to native society, is a biological one, that recognizes my membership in Strategy, it as a fact of biology. My formal association with native life began because I was pushed into it. When that force was removed I formed new friendships with whites. It is essay layout because of this that I suspect that the Outreach Strategy, best explanation for my period of deviance is contained in containment theory. I would draw a comparison between my situation and that of people described in ?Normalcy and Visibility?.

While I am not often mistaken as Anglo-Saxon white, I do have a passing resemblance to a straight-haired version of a Jewish stereotype; I have also passed as Catalonian, Mexican, and Greek. People do not know that I am native until I tell them; I am racially ambiguous. The article gives one major relevant factor to essay questions living with an invisible disability. The first was that people had the option of maintaining a ?semblance of normalcy? (Thorne 1993, p.9). Outreach Strategy? I my case, I have the option of passing as white. This is disturbingly important in this country. For example , until recently I worked in a West Side grocery store. This store had an up market clientele. Among the items the store sold were bags and cards with native designs on essay friend friend indeed, them. Outreach? After a while began to notice that in spite of difference essay format, this native friendly image that the store had, even middle-class natives could not enter the store without being considered to Outreach Strategy be a shoplifter by the management. My co-workers also occasionally told stories in which natives were attacked or demeaned.

If I were to reveal my identity, I would face being excluded from these conversations. Thesis? If I was excluded from these conversations, I would face being excluded from their social circle in Strategy, general, and any future options for advancement that arise from being a part of the format and report, ?in? group. I decided to keep my mouth shut, and get a raise instead. If I was visibly more native that option would not have been open to Outreach Strategy me. Deviance in my case is not really deviance on who am i what am i, my part. When I did have a spell of deviant activity, it was caused by Outreach Strategy, external forces. When those external forces were removed, the deviancy ended. This deviancy is in some ways voluntary, because I can hide it. However, I do not believe that by essay need friend, engaging in a profound act of self-denial can be a reasonable choice, so the voluntary choice is somewhat less real. I have found many other people in similar situations. There are quite a few natives that can pass in white society, and do so, however, they maintain a true allegiance to their nation.

I have found this common thread among many other natives: they had a lot more white friends, until opinions hardened against our peoples. While we hold the same western liberal views that we have always had, we no longer see Canada, or our white liberal peers, as friends but enemies, and dangerous ones at that; and Outreach, it is not something that we chose. Bibliography Gomme, Ian. The Shadow Line: Deviance and Crime in Canada, Harcourt Brace Jovonovich (Tornto: 1993). Thorne, S.E. (1993).

Normalcy and open essay, Visibility. In Social Explanations of Criminal and Deviant Behaviour, Brian Burtch Ed., Simon Fraser University (Burnaby, B.C.: 2000). Crim 135: Essay 2 The major argument in favour of curtailing judicial independence and prosecutorial discretion is Outreach Strategy that the justice system needs to be more accountable, more consistent, and more predictable. Each of these counts against essay friend need friend indeed the justice system is based on the mistaken assumption that the justice system needs to be a rational and efficient corporate body. That is to say, that the justice system must act as a single entity with the Outreach Strategy, rasion d?etre of fighting, controlling, and friend, deterring crime. The advocates of legal straightjackets have failed to prove their prima facie case. The justice system has no need to Strategy be a single solid structure with automated systems of judges, lawyers and parole officers. In the strictly constructed systems of our less-democratic cousins, lawyers, judges and their ilk serve only to diagnose the criminal for the sole purpose of placing them in a category of offender, prisoner, and parolee.

The primary fault of the argument in favour of judicial and prosecutorial constraints is that it carries in itself the tacit assumption of guilt. By merely categorizing a citizen as an offender under the criminal code, the most authoritarian and unaccountable element of the justice system, the police, has effectively acted as judge jury and executioner. The citizen, who becomes labeled as an offender under the criminal code is shunted off to a holding cell, where, another police official determines if they are to be released. This police official would, at this stage in the current system use subjective criteria to determine if the offender was a significant risk and should be released; in a constrained system, the crime would determine the availability of open university essay layout, release automatically. In the constrained system, the belligerent, and indigent, flasher would go free; while the tenured professor whose failing student wrongfully accused him of rape would be sent before a judge. Upon reaching the Outreach Strategy, judge, the charges wold determine the bail-after all, consistency is the modus vivendi of the constrained system.

Griffiths and Verdun-Jones note that those people that have been denied bail and appear at their trial in state custody are more likely to be found guilty, and, when found so, they are more likely than other convicted citizens to essay beautify our school receive a harsh sentence. Beside the clear difficulty encountered by imprisoned people in mounting a defense against the state's accusations, there is a secondary problem of Outreach, facing a jury of their peers while in custody. To the average citizen, the suggested, appearance of Outreach, one of their wayward neighbours in chains is likely to prejudice them against him or her. In a future system of 'consistent' justice it is likely that those offences where the punishment is most severe, the indictable offences, that the citizen is essay beautify likely to Strategy be held in custody; and, it is friend need friend indeed those same indictable offences, to Outreach be tried before a jury, where the accussed's status as a prisoner is most likely to be held against them. While the essay beautify our school, accussed's status as a prisoner is not a de jure proclamation of their guilt, to the average citizen of Strategy, a western liberal democracy, the presence of some person that has been forcibly removed from between essay format format, society is a de facto statement that they are dangerous. Outreach? In the model state of consistency that certain legal reformers foresee, the police, the justices, prosecutors, and between essay format and report, judges would 'apply' the law according to a strict set of rules. The state's agents will act with no prejudice, no leeway, no derogation and Strategy, no derivation and no mercy. Essay Friend? The police would presumably lay every applicable charge against Outreach Strategy every accused person that is brought to who am am i their attention. Outreach Strategy? Not only essay beautify our school, would a person be brought to justice for forcible rape, but also for equally abhorrent crimes such as assault and battery, littering, loitering in a public park, attempted murder, reckless endangerment, unlawful confinement, jaywalking, speeding, creating a disturbance, resisting arrest, and any other possible offence related to Strategy the crime and the flight from justice.

Griffiths and Verdun-Jones have noted that in the recently more open atmosphere of plea-bargaining, police have become more consistent appliers of each and every conceivable law. Essay Friend? Not only has a person been charged with one crime, but also of every other alternative charge available. In the process of plea bargaining, a great deal of trust is Outreach needed between the defense counsel and the crown. This trust often resembles collusion. In the difference between essay format, process of plea bargaining the multiple -though mutually exclusive- charges against an offender are often reduced to a single charge in exchange for a guilty plea and reciprocal sentencing recommendation. Outreach? In reality, the accused are bargaining away irrelevant charges for the single charge that they would have faced anyway, in short, the accused gains nothing from a system of bargaining based on difference essay format, consistent policing. There is, however, nothing consistent about plea-bargaining. Plea-bargaining is at the heart of prosecutorial discretion. Prosecutorial discretion would go the way of inconsistent policing and it would be abolished. Consistency in prosecution requires that each and Strategy, every accused be treated identically.

In order for each accused to who am essay be seen to be treated identically, they must have each and every charge dealt with in an open court of record. Inconsistency is not a problem with the police, prosecutors, or parole board members. Inconsistency is what enables the police, prosecutors, and parole board members to consider the human factor of the crime. I f police were to 'throw the book' at every criminal, the system what bog down with minor crimes. Furthermore, while some acts may technically be crimes, they may not have been enforced in twenty or thirty years. A possible problem of inconsistency is Strategy with judges. Sentencing may vary across the university essay, country - though there is very little evidence to say if it does or does not. There are sentencing guidelines, but there are no uniform statistics on sentencing which would allow the public to determine if these sentencing guidelines are being followed. Outreach? When sentencing is brought to the public's attention, it is only in the most extreme cases where a particularly lenient sentence has been given out. Therefore the best solution for i what essay, inconsistent sentencing is to Strategy produce and publish uniform statistics on sentencing in order to determine of essay beautify our school, sentencing guidelines are being followed. Any other reform of the judicial sentencing process before these statistics were produced and before their impact was observed on the judicial branch would be premature.

It is Outreach Strategy possible that many judges that have handed out lenient or severe sentences did not realize that they were significantly out of difference essay format and report format, line with the Canadian mainstream. Conclusion Discretion is not a problem, perception is. The police need discretion in order to enforce laws commensurate with the changes in community values. Police also need the ability to exercise their discretion in order to enforce laws as they are best able to do and to not get swamped with petty crimes, while resources are needed to deal with serious offences. Prosecutors need the ability to exercise discretion in order to Outreach Strategy plea bargain. Difference Between Format Format? Without the ability to plea bargain, prosecutors may find that they send far too much time prosecuting ancillary legal offences while the Strategy, main crime is not given their full attention.

The only reform necessary, is not technically a reform, but is difference between and report instead a fine-tuning of the current system to allow it to function better, and that is the production and publication of uniform statistics on sentencing. Communications 131 Review: Neil Postman?s Amusing Ourselves to Death Robert Jago 200015294 Neil Postman's Amusing Ourselves to Outreach Death focuses on open essay, the change from what he calls a 'typographic' society to Outreach Strategy a televisual society. This change involves the decline of rational, linear thought which is based on the book, to disjointed, a-historical, and non-inferential thought which is friend need friend based on the standards of television. Postman's prima facie argument is that the medium of Strategy, communications affects forms of thought. His first argument is based entirely on conjecture (though later in the book Postman does cite a study by suggested, Gavriel Solomon, p.152 footnote 4). Postman argues that television and its predecessors (the telegraph, the Outreach Strategy, photograph) changed people's modes of thought through operant conditioning. Television and electronic communications in general force people to understand only the immediate and to forget the past. Several of difference, Postman's axioms are questionable, and Outreach, his data is open to open layout competing interpretations. Most importantly, Postman's study of the electronic society focused on it in an immature stage of development. Modern electronic culture is quite different from the one that Postman studied. Neil Postman's stated purpose for Strategy, his book is between essay format and report to, show that a great media-metaphor shift has taken place in America, with the result that the Strategy, content of much of our public discourse has become dangerous nonsense(p.16).

To that end, his book opens with a glimpse at the United States of the early nineteen-eighties and an explanation of his use of the word metaphor. Between Essay? For Postman the media metaphor is a metaphor that draws analogies between aspects of the media and Outreach, aspects of society. Postman states that in the literate age, metaphors abounded. Alice in wonderland, became a metaphor for a person wandering in 'a world of semantic nonsense' and essay our school, trying to make sense out of it; Athens became a metaphor for intellectual excellence and so on. In the twentieth century, the printed word added very little in Outreach Strategy, terms of metaphor. Terms such as Orwellian, thought police, but very little else transferred over from the printed page into middle class speech. The metaphor of the suggested, later twentieth century was to be dictated by television. Modes of thought mimicked television production standards.

Postman charts the transition from the typographic mind, through the 'peek - a - boo' world and into the 'now. this' world of television. The larger scale of the medium metaphor is what Postman refers to as resonance. Postman states that resonance is Strategy metaphor writ large. What Postman appears to mean here is that resonance is the stuff of myths, when social customs and norms, and idiosyncrasies become confused with nature. Just as one is seen as peculiar to essay layout question the effects of the construction of mountains, one is seen as equally peculiar to question such social constructs as [Noam Chomsky notwithstanding] contemporary English word usage and grammar.

After first explaining his proposition on how the dominant medium of Outreach Strategy, communications affects forms of thought, Postman uses the remainder of the first part of his book to describe decline of the printed word in America. He begins with describing 'typographic' America at its peak. Postman describes a country -though not a nation- where the ability to layout read was nearly universal among men, and, where foreign reading materials were abundant (P. 34). The way in Strategy, which he describes the who am i what am i, empowerment that the average person may have felt is interesting for Outreach, my third argument [that Postman contrasted typographic America with the wrong era of the electronic age].

By 1772, Jacob Duche could write: 'The poorest labourer upon the shore of the Delaware thinks himself entitled to who am am i deliver his sentiment in matters of religion or politics with as much freedom as the gentleman or scholar. ' (P. 33) The printing press dominated the minds of typographic Americans. Their modes of thought mirrored the Outreach, construction of books and pamphlets. Books were linear, impersonal, rational, and historical. The written word was never read 'live'. Difference Between Essay And Report? People's minds functioned in these same ways. People were rational and thought historically and therefore linearly. Public discourse in typographic America was fundamentally rational and intelligent. Advertising and politics were based on reasoned argument [for the most part]. According to Postman, the change in public discourse occurred because of the Outreach, change in the media available to essay beautify our school the public.

The first major change that Postman notes is the invention of the telegraph. While it is interesting to Strategy note that the industrial revolution, and the rise of the urban centres occurred at roughly the same time as the invention of the i what am i essay, telegraph, it is the later event that most effected the way that people think and behave. Outreach Strategy? Following the telegraph came the beautify our school, photograph. The telegraph changed the meaning of intelligence and information. In preliterate days, intelligence was synonymous with memory. In the typographic age, intelligence became synonymous with rationality. With the electronic age heralded in Strategy, by the telegraph, intelligence became the ability to essay our school sift through large amounts of Outreach, data. News in typographic society consisted of beautify, useful facts and information. Postman describes a type of Outreach Strategy, apathy ratio, what he calls an 'information-action ratio' (P.69).

In typographic America, efficacy as seen through individual responses to 'news' was significantly higher than it is in modern televisual America. The telegraph made trivia in place of news. Surely people in Finland could finally know the day to day events that occurred in Lorado Texas, but, why would they want to? According to Postman, the telegraph made the United States one nation [this was also coincident with the Civil War and the United States' great era of essay, wars of conquest]. The telegraph allowed people on the Pacific and the Atlantic shores to Outreach know the minutiae of each others every day lives. While the telegraph trivialized the public space with useless information and 'factoids' the photograph came along to act as a magnifying glass for essay beautify, these details. Outreach? The photograph increased the impact of the proliferating factoids, by giving them a face and a presence greater than a thousand words. By the time the photograph and the telegraph had become ascendant, the public discourse had irrevocably changed. Advertising became irrelevant, irrational, and our school, the first slogans were developed [following shortly after such election slogans 'fifty-four forty or fight' or 'Tippacannoe and Tyler too' or the Democratic Party's anti-Republican song 'Nigger Doodle Dandy'].The era of the photograph and the telegraph are what Postman calls 'the peek-a-boo world'. Part two of the book focuses on the particular ills of the televisual age.

The greatest ill, and one that Neil Postman had focused on in the past, is the decline in education in favour of entertainment. A prime example for Postman is 'The Voyage of the Mimi' series. This series is a study that involves a great deal of time on Outreach, behalf of essay beautify our school, children in order to study whales and navigation among other things. None of Strategy, these things are relevant to education in any traditional sense of the word. Friend Need Friend Indeed? Postman's analysis of that particular series is that it is an example of the education changing in order to meet the needs of television. While there are more books in Outreach, print in who am essay, the television age, they do not have the impact of their fewer but more serious predecessors.

As was the case with the Voyage of the Mimi series, books seem to have become 'audio-visual aids'. Books have lost their seriousness. Books in the modern context no longer command the Strategy, attention that they once did. The printed word in the modern context is essay need a visual aid, it celebrates the dominant medium and is constructed around television's conventions. For example, a glance at any of the Outreach Strategy, Fin de Siecle 'best 100 [or 1'000 et al.] lists that currently proliferate, would show what books are considered to thesis be of substance to this society. Outreach Strategy? In the Globe and Mail's list of the best history books are, a picture book, Atlas of World History, and ESPN Sport Century.

Among the best seller lists are a book of lists, a book by who am, a television writer, a book by Outreach, a faded hockey star, a book by a movie writer, a book of trivia. Essay Friend Need Indeed? While there are more books in print today than ever before, it is likely that they are to be gems such as ESPN Sport Century, as opposed to Outreach Walden or the Native Son. Postman concludes his book by analyzing this 'dangerous' lack of substance brought on by the conventions of the television age. Essay Friend Need Friend Indeed? Postman uses two of major metaphors of the decline of western society. the first is the Orwellian. Today the totalitarian state is confined to only a few fourth rate and declining states such as Myanmar and Belarus and so its position as primary threat to Western Liberty has given way. In the place of the Orwellian thought police and big brother is Outreach Strategy Aldous Huxley's 'Brave New World'. The brave new world of Postman's interpretation is one where television has taken the place of Huxley's 'Soma' [an ecstacy like drug]. People have forsaken their liberty and democracy in favour of simple and beautify our school, constant pleasures. Postman concludes that television has created a Brave New World where the statescraftsmen are given free hand by a public more interested in their leader's private affairs than their economic policies. This new world where seriousness is mocked, and where depth of imagination, and attention span have gone into steep decline is one that has put democracy and Outreach, freedom in grave danger.

Postman proposes that the solution to the current state of affairs is to inoculate the populous through education. People would be educated to understand the television epistemology, and to not just become media savvy, but to become aware of the myths that surround the dominant medium. The current dominant medium in the United States and Canada is television. Other media, such as radio, and print are complementary to television and have very little independent sway over societal mores. Essay Our School? Postman's analysis could only take into account society up to the mid 1980's. Outreach Strategy? That society lacked the internet, and such venues as digital cable and inexpensive satellite dishes. Postman derides libertarians for attacking government censorship but failing to take on university layout, the oligarchy of the big-three networks. In his discussion of the typographic age, Postman describes the Outreach, empowerment of the common man by his ability to converse and understand every subject of importance.

Postman takes especial note of Benjamin Franklin's views on the importance of the difference essay format format, pamphlet. Each of these points noted by Postman can lead to a different final conclusion if extrapolated into the internet age. To begin with, the modern era of Outreach, between seventy and five-hundred television channels should have been easily foreseen by Postman. He noted the difference between format and report format, lack of attention by the general public, and how that brief attention span was created by television. The television of Postman's study was, by Outreach, current standards, conservative, and for lack of a better word, 'deep'. The oligarchy of the three networks is gone, replaced by a constellation of specialty television networks [though production is now owned by a few industrial concerns].

Attention spans are even briefer, and every whim under the sun can be served by its own television network. Contrary to essay Postman's original argument that the Strategy, product of a populace obsessed by entertainment is political apathy, entertainment can create political involvement. While Postman described the efficacy felt by the people of the typographic age, he failed to note that part of the efficacy was inspired by open essay layout, such public proceedings as the public hanging. Postman failed to realize that a public raised on scripted spectacle, would be enraptured by Outreach Strategy, live reality. In a world of instant communications, there is who am am i enough live spectacle to keep every audience entertained. This entertainment can be translated into efficacy through such means as instant television poll, something that Postman only briefly touched on. Outreach? Postman's description of the transition from suggested, literate to televised worlds and the coincident transformation of society from literate and rational to base and excitable is not entirely accurate. He fails to take into consideration other factors such as the second industrial revolution and the expansion of liberty within countries which may explain the general decline in the public discourse.

Postman places the blame for the decline in rationality solely on the dominant medium of communications. Strategy? Furthermore, Postman writes that people have lost the sense of essay format, efficacy vis a vis the state. While people may be voting less, they may be participating more. Protest groups, lobby groups, special interest groups, petitions, and the like have proliferated in post-industrial society. People may have transferred their trust from the state to the epistemic community and they may have done this because of a new involving medium.

Bibliography Postman, Neil, Amusing Ourselves to Death: Public Discourse in the Age of Show Buisness, Penguin Books (Toronto: 1986).

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Free International Relations and Politics essays. We all know that today, we have an immigration system that's out of date and badly broken' But for comprehensive immigration reform to work, it must be clear from the Strategy outset that there is essay friend indeed, a pathway to citizenship. We've got to Strategy lay out open university layout a path ' a process that includes passing a background check, paying taxes, paying a penalty, learning English, and then going to the back of the Outreach line, behind all the our school folks who are trying to come here legally. That's only fair. So that means it won't be a quick process but it will be a fair process. And it will lift these individuals out of the Outreach shadows and give them a chance to earn their way to a green card and eventually to citizenship.' - President Barack Obama, January 29, 2013. Every modern state formally defines its citizenry, publicly identifying a set of essay beautify, persons as its members and residually designating all others as non-citizens. Every state attaches certain rights and Strategy obligations to who am am i essay the status of citizenship. Earned citizenship refers to a modern concept in Immigration Law in which citizenship in earned in an unconventional way. It refers to a system of citizenship in which one takes some extra steps to 'earn' citizenship and Outreach Strategy become fully paid-up members of a society.

This is still an format and report, emerging concept and hence a fully structured notion of it hasn't evolved yet. It is under consideration by many countries for the purpose of Outreach, providing a chance to undocumented or illegal immigrants to earn the israeli-palestinian citizenship of that country. The process is under consideration by countries like USA and UK as well. US annually accepts the Outreach largest intake of immigrants in the world. US is difference between essay format and report, currently under debate over immigration reforms. Canada, too, might see similar debates erupt in the future given the rise of temporary workers' admissions that have skyrocketed in recent years. Many of those in Strategy the United States without status have U.S.-born citizen children who possess a legal right to need friend remain in the country. Often a question is raised - 'why should people who violated the law be given an opportunity 'of converting to legal status and Strategy earning a path to citizenship''? They view any such concession as rewarding lawbreakers with 'the most coveted asset on the planet'permanent residence in the United States.' THE POSITION IN UK:

The UK government is radically changing the route to British citizenship under a new system of 'earned citizenship'. Beautify? Until now migrants have largely taken for granted that they would gain a British passport or permanent residence by virtue of the amount of time spent in Outreach Strategy the UK. But this is all about to change as the UK Border Agency introduces the radical new concept of earning citizenship as part of the who am i what am i essay biggest immigration shake-up for sixty years. The new system will create a clear, three-stage 'path to citizenship' for migrants to become British citizens, which will include for the first time a new 'probationary citizenship' stage. The government say the proposed new rules will ensure that the 'rights and benefits of British citizenship are matched by responsibilities and contributions made to our society. Those who want to settle permanently in the United Kingdom will have to earn the right to stay by learning English, paying taxes and obeying the law ' The government said it will support migrants who 'play by the rules', and will take action to punish those who do not. Strategy? Migrants who demonstrate 'active citizenship' will be able to become British citizens more quickly. Migrants will need to take extra steps to earn citizenship and become fully paid-up members of society. Between Essay Format? In future, they will need to spend the next six to Strategy eight years proving their worth to the UK as part of a personal journey and contract with British society. Israeli-palestinian? At present, an immigrant living in Outreach Strategy the UK can apply for permanent settlement after about five years. Under the new system, ministers say migrants - excluding those from the European Economic Area - will pass through three clear stages.

At first they will be classed as temporary residents - the status they receive as a worker, relative or recognised refugee. After five years they will be given an entirely new status for a minimum of another 12 months - probationary citizen. This probationary status will ultimately lead to someone becoming a British citizen or permanent foreign resident - or being told it's time to move on. The critical difference between the current situation and the proposals is around the idea of a probationary period. During this phase migrants will no longer have access to a full range of benefits that are currently available to permanently-settled foreign nationals. It will no longer be enough for a migrant to prove they are living in the UK - they will have to prove that they are actively taking steps to fit in.

They will have to show that not only have they made some effort to learn English - but they are making progress. They will have to obey the law and university layout where possible prove they are active citizens. On criminality, the equation is Strategy, simple. Essay Layout? Serious crimes will become a bar to Outreach achieving citizenship - and may lead to deportation. Minor offences would slow down the essay process. Outreach? The more active they are in the local community the quicker their journey to citizenship will become. Acceptable activities could include voluntary work, involvement in local groups or the school parent-teacher association. Migrants will need to find referees to essay vouch for these good deeds. The scheme's architects think this idea of active citizenship will make the journey from migrant to citizen much more significant because it creates a social contract between individuals and their new society. Crucially, ministers believe migrants would meet more British people more quickly and learn more quickly how to integrate.

Measures in the new 'Path to citizenship' include: ' a new naturalisation process for Strategy, foreign nationals to become British Citizens. ' extending the Citizenship process from 5 to 8 years. ' introducing the concept of 'Earned Citizenship and. ' introducing a 'probationary citizenship' replacing Indefinite Leave to Remain. ' restricting Citizenship to university essay certain skilled categories. THE POSITION IN US : US citizenship gives a person as many rights as the US has to offer; for example, the Outreach Strategy right to vote, petition for family members to immigrate, and live abroad without losing the right to friend need return. For these reasons, citizenship is not easily obtained. The most concrete proposals for immigration reform thus far in 2013 include earned legalization with a path to Outreach U.S. citizenship for unauthorized immigrants already living in essay beautify the United States. Outreach Strategy? This is a process that essentially permits unauthorized immigrants to come forward and receive a provisional legal status that'after paying taxes, proving they understand English and civics, passing all criminal and other background checks, and showing they are committed to the United States'allows them to become lawful permanent residents (LPRs).

From there, like other LPRs before them, they will have to between essay format decide whether or not to make the final commitment to their adopted country by becoming American citizens. Some critics of the new proposals argue that citizenship is too good for Strategy, unauthorized immigrants, or that legal status is really all they need to thrive in essay this country. But that kind of short-sighted thinking ignores some very important facts: more than half a century ago the US finally abandoned the idea that there should be a second-class status for Outreach Strategy, any group by essay denying them citizenship and, in fact, today the vast majority of Americans support a path to citizenship. Every immigrant-receiving country in the industrialized world provides a route for immigrants to Outreach become citizens. Last year, the administration approved 99.5% of applications of those who had applied for legal status under President Obama's non-deportation policy for young adults, granting legal status to more than 250,000 formerly illegal immigrants. Granting undocumented immigrants a path to citizenship could help improve the economy.

Authorizing an university essay, immediate path to citizenship for the estimated 11 million undocumented immigrants in the United States would add as much as $1.4 trillion to Strategy the country's economic growth, create more than 200,000 jobs, and increase tax revenue by more than $180 billion in the next decade. Undocumented immigrants currently pay less in israeli-palestinian conflict taxes than they would as citizens, so granting them citizenship would bring in additional revenue. They also earn less, according to the report. Not only would earning more increase the amount of taxes they pay, it would also increase the amount of money they spend. They will spend their increased earnings on the purchase of food, clothing, housing, cars, and computers. That spending, in turn, will stimulate demand in the economy for more products and services, which creates jobs and expands the Outreach Strategy economy. Citizens have average incomes that are 40 percent higher than the salaries of both undocumented and documented noncitizen immigrants. Citizenship would also give immigrants increased legal protection, and lead to more investment in education and training. The jobs undocumented immigrants can apply for are limited, and so they may be less likely to seek new job training if they feel they will not be able to move up the career ladder because they are undocumented. Citizenship would encourage labor mobility and foster entrepreneurship. There is also an argument that the idea of granting citizenship to israeli-palestinian essay undocumented immigrants will somehow hurt citizen workers.

It would ensure that millions of illegal aliens compete for just about every job in America and Outreach Strategy admit millions more new foreign workers to our labor force, with no realistic prospect that promises about curbing future illegal immigration would ever be kept. A strong majority of Americans from diverse states and political backgrounds support a path to earned citizenship. However, some in Congress have suggested that immigration reform should provide only legal status, without any opportunity for those who are getting on difference format, the right side of the law to earn their way to citizenship. 'This 'legalization-only' approach violates a basic principle of our country: that anyone, no matter where they came from, can become an Outreach Strategy, American citizen if they're willing to israeli-palestinian essay work for it and take on the responsibilities of citizenship. Strategy? We cannot afford a system that creates a group which can never become fully American, denying equal rights to people who pay the same taxes and play by the same rules even after they've paid a penalty and gotten on the right side of the law.' The nation as a whole would benefit from a sizable increase in GDP and income and a modest increase in jobs. Open? It is also clear that legalization and a road map to citizenship bestow greater gains on the American people and the US economy than legalization alone. To get on Outreach, a path towards citizenship, undocumented immigrants working and living in difference format and report the US must complete a registration process, submit to reasonable background checks, pay and appropriate fine, pay taxes, and study English. BENEFITS OF THE CONCEPT : There are several reasons why legalization and citizenship both raise the incomes of Outreach, immigrants and improve economic outcomes.

Providing a road map to citizenship to undocumented immigrants gives them legal protections that raise their wages. It also promotes investment in the education and training of israeli-palestinian essay questions, immigrants that eventually pays off in the form of higher wages and output; grants access to a broader range of higher-paying jobs; encourages labor mobility which increases the returns on the labor skills of immigrants by improving the efficiency of the labor market such that the Strategy skillsets of essay, immigrants more closely match the jobs that they perform; and makes it more possible for immigrants to Outreach start businesses and create jobs. Following are the various benefits : 1. Legal Protection. 2. Investment in education and training. 3. Access to essay friend need friend better jobs. 4. Labor mobility and Strategy increasing returns. 5. Fostering entrepreneurship. 6. Benefits the economy as whole.

The movement toward comprehensive immigration reform has accelerated significantly in recent months. Some lawmakers, however, do not want to extend legal status'let alone citizenship'to the unauthorized. Others have expressed interest in stopping just short of thesis, providing full citizenship for millions of Outreach Strategy, undocumented immigrants, instead calling for a so-called middle-ground option'to leave undocumented immigrants in a permanent subcitizen status. The debate over immigration reform has important legal, moral, social, and political dimensions. Providing or denying legal status or citizenship to suggested thesis the undocumented has implications for getting immigrants in compliance with the Strategy law, affects whether or not immigrant families can stay in their country of choice, and determines whether they have the opportunity to become full and essay need indeed equal members of the society. But legal status and citizenship are also about the economic health of the nation as a whole. Legal status and a road map to citizenship for the unauthorized will bring about Outreach Strategy, significant economic gains in terms of growth, earnings, tax revenues, and jobs'all of difference between essay format, which will not occur in the absence of Strategy, immigration reform or with reform that creates a permanent sub-citizen class of residents.

The timing of reform also matters. The sooner legal status is provided, the greater the economic benefits are for the nation. Legal status and citizenship enable undocumented immigrants to produce and earn significantly more than they do when they are on the economic sidelines. The resulting productivity and thesis wage gains ripple through the economy because immigrants are not just workers'they are also consumers and taxpayers. They will spend their increased earnings on the purchase of food, clothing, housing, cars, and Outreach Strategy computers. Israeli-palestinian Conflict Questions? That spending, in turn, will stimulate demand in Strategy the economy for more products and services, which creates jobs and expands the economy. If this essay isn't quite what you're looking for, why not order your own custom International Relations and Politics essay, dissertation or piece of coursework that answers your exact question?

There are UK writers just like me on hand, waiting to help you. Essay Our School? Each of us is Outreach, qualified to i what am i essay a high level in Strategy our area of expertise, and we can write you a fully researched, fully referenced complete original answer to essay your essay question. Just complete our simple order form and Outreach you could have your customised International Relations and Politics work in your email box, in as little as 3 hours. This International Relations and Politics essay was submitted to us by a student in order to help you with your studies. This page has approximately words. If you use part of this page in your own work, you need to provide a citation, as follows: Essay UK, Earned Citizenship : The Concept : Free Internation Relations and Politics Essays . Available from: http://www.essay.uk.com/free-essays/international-relations-politics/earned-citizenship-the-concept.php [03-10-17].

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